For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for John Habakkuk.

John Habakkuk

This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure. (December 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Sir Hrothgar John Habakkuk (13 May 1915 – 3 November 2002) was a British economic historian.

Biography

Habakkuk was born in Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales, the son of Evan and Anne Habakkuk. He was named "Hrothgar" after Hroðgar in Beowulf, which his father was reading at the time of his birth. However, he came to be known as John when he started to travel to the United States, and when he was knighted he found it easier to call himself "Sir John" than "Sir Hrothgar".[1][2] His surname was assumed by a seventeenth-century forebear after the prophet Habakkuk, it being a Welsh custom at that time to take patronymics from the Bible.[2][3]

He was educated at Barry County School and St John's College, Cambridge (scholar and Strathcona Student, starred[2] first class degree in History 1936).[1] (He was not, as sometimes erroneously stated, connected with Jesus College, Cambridge.)[4] He began to study for a PhD under John Clapham, but his progress was interrupted by the Second World War.[1] In 1938, he was elected a Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge, a position he held until 1950. He worked at Bletchley Park 1940–42 and the Board of Trade 1942–46, during which period he still found time to carry out research at the Public Record Office and in the archives of country houses.[1][2] After World War II, he was from 1946 until 1950 Director of Studies and Librarian of the college and Lecturer in the Faculty of Economics. In 1973, Pembroke College elected him to an Honorary Fellowship. From 1950 until 1960, he was editor, with Michael Postan, of The Economic History Review.

In 1950, he moved to Oxford, where he would remain for the rest of his life. At the age of just thirty-five he had been appointed Chichele Professor of Economic History in the University of Oxford and Professorial Fellow of All Souls College. He held this appointment until 1967, when he became Principal of Jesus College. He also served as Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1973–77)[5] and Pro-Vice-Chancellor (1977–84). He retired in 1984 and was Ford Lecturer in the following year.[1] All Souls re-elected him to a fellowship in 1988. He was also President of University College, Swansea from 1975 until 1984 and an honorary fellow of the college from 1991. He was Visiting Professor at Harvard University 1954/5 and at University of California, Berkeley (Ford Research Professor)[2] 1962/3.[4]

Habakkuk was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1965[6] and a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1966.[4] He was appointed Knight Bachelor in 1976. In the same year he began a four-year term as President of the Royal Historical Society. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Letters honoris causa by the Universities of Wales (1971), Cambridge (1973), Pennsylvania (1975), Kent (1978), and Ulster (1988).

He was a member of the Advisory Council on Public Records 1958–70, the Social Science Research Council 1967–71, the National Libraries Committee 1968–69, the Administrative Board of the International Association of Universities 1975–84, and the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts 1978–90. He was Chairman of the Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principals of the Universities of the United Kingdom 1976–77, the Advisory Group on London Health Services 1980–81,[2] and the Oxfordshire District Health Authority 1981–84. He was president of the Royal Historical Society (1977–1981),[7]

Habakkuk married Mary Richards (died 2002),[1] whom he met during the war and who later studied History at Cambridge, in 1948. They had a son and three daughters. He died, from renal failure and myelodysplasia, at the house of one of his daughters, Little Orchard, Scot Lane, Chew Stoke, in Somerset, England, on 3 November 2002.

Publications

  • John Habakkuk, Marriage, debt, and the estates system: English landownership 1650–1950 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).
  • John Habakkuk, Population growth and economic development since 1750 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1971).
  • John Habakkuk, Industrial organisation since the Industrial Revolution (Southampton: University of Southampton, 1968).
  • John Habakkuk, American and British technology in the nineteenth century: the search for labour-saving inventions (Cambridge University Press, 1962).
  • John Habakkuk et al., Lectures on economic development=Études sur le développement économique (Iktisat Fakültesi nesriyatı no. 101, Istanbul: Faculty of Economics, Istanbul University, and Faculty of Political Sciences, Ankara University, 1958).
  • H.J. Habakkuk, 'English Landownership, 1680–1740', Economic History Review 1st series 10.1 (February 1940), pp. 2–17.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f F. M. L. Thompson Obituary[dead link], The Independent (11 November 2002)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Obituary, The Telegraph (18 November 2002)
  3. ^ Marshall, P. J., ed. (2005). "Biographical Memoirs of Fellows III". Proceedings of the British Academy. Vol. 124. p. 91. ISBN 9780197263204.
  4. ^ a b c David Landes, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine vol. 149, no. 1 (March 2005), pp. 99–101.
  5. ^ "Previous Vice-Chancellors". University of Oxford, UK. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  6. ^ British Academy Deceased Fellows Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "List of Presidents". Royal Historical Society. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2010.

Further reading

  • Boyd, Kelly, ed. Encyclopedia of historians and historical writing. Vol. 1 (Taylor & Francis, 1999) 505–6.
  • Debrett's People of Today (12th edn, London: Debrett's Peerage, 1999), p. 816.
  • Thompson, F.M.L. ed. Landowners, Capitalists, and Entrepreneurs: Essays for Sir John Habakkuk (Oxford University Press, 1994).
Academic offices Preceded byJohn Christie Principal of Jesus College, Oxford 1967–1984 Succeeded bySir Peter North Preceded byLord Bullock of Leafield Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University 1973–1977 Succeeded bySir Rex Richards Preceded byGeoffrey Elton President of the Royal Historical Society 1977–1981 Succeeded byJ. C. Holt
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
John Habakkuk
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?