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John Graham & Company

Space Needle, Seattle

John Graham & Company, or John Graham & Associates was the name of an architectural firm, founded in 1900 in Seattle, Washington, by English-born architect John Graham (1873–1955), and maintained by his son John Graham Jr. (1908–1991).

The firm was responsible for many Seattle landmarks and a number of significant structures nationwide, including the Space Needle, the Chase Tower of Rochester, New York, and the Westin Seattle.

The firm was merged into the DLR Group on May 19, 1986, and the name saw full deletion in 1998.[1]

John Graham

John Graham was born in Liverpool, England in 1873. He apprenticed as an architect in England as a young man. First visiting Seattle, Washington, in 1896, he immigrated to the United States in 1900, starting a one-man architectural practice in Seattle. He started off modestly, designing mainly industrial-related buildings and private residences. His first notable project was designing the reconstruction of the Trinity Parish Church at Eight Avenue and James Street in 1902 after it had been damaged by fire.

After a brief partnership with Alfred Bodley in 1904,[2] Graham founded the firm of Graham & Myers with David J. Myers in 1906. He would work with Myers until 1910. As architect for the Ford Motor Company, he designed more than 30 of Ford's assembly plants between 1912 and 1940. Throughout the 1920s and 30s, he would design hundreds of commercial and public buildings in the Seattle area including the Frederick & Nelson store (now Nordstrom) in 1916. He also helped found the Seattle Yacht Club and designed all of their original facilities.

He retired from architecture in 1945 and died on March 20, 1955, while on tour in Hong Kong.[3]

John Graham Jr.

44 Montgomery (left), adjacent to the Hobart Building, San Francisco

John Graham Jr. (1908–91) was born and raised in Seattle, Washington.[4] After graduating from Yale University, he established a short-lived satellite office of his father's firm in New York City in 1937, and took over the main office in 1946. Renaming the firm to John Graham & Company, the firm expanded a relatively modest regional practice to an office with national presence. It was ultimately responsible for over a thousand commissions.[4]

Their primary focus was commercial projects. Many were straightforward mid-century modernist office towers, such as San Francisco's 1967 44 Montgomery tower. But Graham was also responsible for early development of the enclosed shopping mall genre, notably Seattle's Northgate Shopping Center,[5] which opened April 21, 1950,[6] which anticipates the better-known Northland Center in Detroit by four years. The firm would go on to design seventy malls nationwide.

The authorship of Graham's single most prominent work, the Space Needle, is disputed. Both Graham's office and the Seattle architect Victor Steinbrueck, a consultant on the project, claimed design credit; the design was also influenced by the Century 21 Exposition design standards and aerospace theme established by supervising architect Paul Thiry. Clearly the revolving restaurant, the "Eye of the Needle", was Graham's conception. He'd already devised "La Ronde" for the Ala Moana Shopping Center in Honolulu in 1961, and was awarded a patent for the idea in 1964.

Graham died in Seattle on January 29, 1991.

Prewar work

The following structures are in Seattle unless otherwise noted:

Postwar work

The Ilikai, Honolulu

[8]

References

  1. ^ John Graham & Associates emporis.com
  2. ^ "Plans Completed On New Buildings [Building Notes]". The Seattle Daily Times. Newsbank. 7 Aug 1904. p. 12. The architectural firm of Graham & Bodley has dissolved. Alfred Bodley withdrawing while John Graham will continue the business under his own name.
  3. ^ "John Graham, Sr., Noted Architect, Dies in Orient" Seattle Times 23 Mar. 1955. Pg. 44.
  4. ^ a b http://www.docomomo-wewa.org/architects_detail.php?id=60
  5. ^ DLR Group djc.com Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce
  6. ^ "Northgate Shopping Mall in Seattle opens on April 21, 1950".
  7. ^ Decatur First Hill Condominiums thedecatur.com
  8. ^ John Graham & Company emporis.com
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John Graham & Company
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