For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for John Baird (Canadian politician).

John Baird (Canadian politician)

John Baird
Baird in 2011
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
May 18, 2011 – February 3, 2015
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byLawrence Cannon
Succeeded byRob Nicholson
Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
In office
August 6, 2010 – May 18, 2011
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byJay Hill
Succeeded byPeter Van Loan
Minister of the Environment
In office
November 7, 2010 – January 4, 2011
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byJim Prentice
Succeeded byPeter Kent
In office
January 4, 2007 – October 30, 2008
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byRona Ambrose
Succeeded byJim Prentice
Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities
In office
October 30, 2008 – August 6, 2010
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byLawrence Cannon
Succeeded byChuck Strahl
President of the Treasury Board
In office
February 6, 2006 – January 4, 2007
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byReg Alcock
Succeeded byVic Toews
Member of Parliament
for Ottawa West—Nepean
In office
January 23, 2006 – March 16, 2015
Preceded byMarlene Catterall
Succeeded byAnita Vandenbeld
Member of the Ontario Provincial Parliament
for Nepean—Carleton
Nepean (1995–1999)
In office
June 8, 1995 – November 30, 2005
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byLisa MacLeod
Personal details
John Russell Baird

(1969-05-26) May 26, 1969 (age 54)
Nepean, Ontario, Canada
Political partyConservative (2003–present)
Other political
Progressive Conservative (federal, 1995–2003)
Progressive Conservative (provincial)
Alma materQueen's University (BA)
Awards40 under 40, Ottawa Business Journal (2008)

John Russell Baird PC (born May 26, 1969) is a retired Canadian politician. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2011 to 2015 in the cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper. He had been a member of the federal cabinet, in various positions, since 2006. Previously he was a provincial cabinet minister in Ontario during the governments of Premiers Mike Harris and Ernie Eves. Baird resigned from Harper's cabinet on February 3, 2015,[1] and as a Member of Parliament on March 16, 2015.[2]

A long-time resident of the former city of Nepean, where he attended Bell High School, and a graduate of Kingston's Queen's University, he was the member of the House of Commons of Canada for the riding of Ottawa West—Nepean until 2015. Baird was elected there as a candidate for the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2006 federal election, when his party defeated Paul Martin's Liberal Party and established a minority government. Baird was sworn in as Leader of the Government in the House of Commons, replacing Jay Hill, on August 6, 2010. Prior to this, Baird served as Transport Minister starting October 30, 2008, Environment Minister starting January 2007, and President of the Treasury Board during the Conservatives' first year in power.

Baird served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1995 to 2005 for the riding of Nepean—Carleton (part of Nepean until 1999), and was a cabinet minister in the Progressive Conservative governments of Mike Harris and Ernie Eves. He served as the Minister for Children, Community and Social Services, Energy and Francophone Affairs in addition to being the Government's Chief Whip. After the Conservatives' defeat by Dalton McGuinty's Ontario Liberal Party, he was the party's critic for key portfolios including finance, culture and health. Baird had been a member of the Conservatives since 1985, when he was the youngest delegate at that time and was also a political aide for the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in the late 1980s.[3][4]

During his tenure in the Harris Cabinet he supported an attempt to sell Hydro One, the publicly owned utility firm. As the federal President of the Treasury Board in the Harper Cabinet, he moved the Federal Accountability Act, which was put in place after the Gomery Commission which investigated the federal sponsorship scandal in the late 1990s and early 2000s. As Minister of the Environment, Baird signalled the Canadian government's opposition to the Kyoto Protocol.[5] He also served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, and President of the Treasury Board.

Early life and career

Baird was born in Nepean, Ontario, the son of Marianne (née Collins) and Gerald Baird.[6] He became involved in politics when he backed a candidate for the local federal PC nomination in 1984. The next year, aged sixteen, Baird was the youngest delegate to attend the party's January 1985 provincial leadership convention,[7] as a supporter of Ontario Attorney-General Roy McMurtry.

He was later president of the youth wing of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, and aligned himself with Dennis Timbrell during the latter's abortive campaign for the PC leadership in 1989 and 1990. He backed Mike Harris when Timbrell withdrew from the contest. Baird was charged with trespassing during the 1988 federal election, after he tried to question Ontario Premier David Peterson about free trade with the United States during a Liberal Party campaign stop in a Kingston shopping mall.[8] He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Studies from Queen's University in 1992.[4]

Baird worked on the political staff of Perrin Beatty when Beatty was federal Minister of National Defence in the early 1990s, and followed Beatty through the subsequent cabinet shifts that culminated in his becoming Secretary of State for External Affairs in the short-lived 1993 government of Kim Campbell.[9] After the defeat of the Progressive Conservatives in the 1993 federal election, Baird worked as a lobbyist in Ottawa.[10]

Baird says he has been a vegetarian since 1997.[11] However, he admits to eating fish,[12] and he reportedly ate seal meat on a trip to the Arctic in 2009.[13][14]

In June 2008, he was selected by the Ottawa Business Journal as a recipient of the "Forty Under 40" award.[15]

Provincial politics

Government backbencher

While Baird had been associated with Red Tories such as McMurtry, Timbrell and Beatty, he became associated with the conservative ideology of the Mike Harris-led Ontario PC party upon entering provincial politics. He was first elected to the Ontario legislature in 1995, defeating Liberal incumbent Hans Daigeler in the Ottawa-area riding of Nepean.[16] The youngest member of the legislature, Baird was appointed parliamentary assistant to the Minister of Labour on July 13, 1995.[17]

He became parliamentary assistant to the Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet in April 1997, and was promoted to parliamentary assistant to the Minister of Finance in November of the same year. As a backbencher, Baird proposed a bill naming Highway 416 as the "Veterans' Memorial Highway" and successfully steered its passage through the legislature.[18] He was easily re-elected in 1999, defeating longtime Ottawa councillor Gord Hunter by a margin of almost 15,000 votes.[19]

Community and Social Services minister

Baird joined Premier Harris's cabinet on June 17, 1999, as Minister of Community and Social Services, where he became responsible for implementing and expanding Ontario's workfare program.[20] As one of Harris's few bilingual ministers, he was also named as Minister responsible for Francophone Affairs.[17]


Baird's first press conference as a cabinet minister was held in July 1999, and was intended to highlight the Harris government's record in reducing the provincial welfare rolls. He told reporters that 15,000 people had left the system since the introduction of workfare, and used this figure to argue that the government's policy was a success. At the time, he lacked information on the number of workfare recipients who actually found jobs, and he also did not account for 40% of the welfare recipients who had been cut from the list.[21] A number of media reports subsequently criticized both the principle and the implementation of workfare in Ontario.[22]

A September 1999 report from Baird's ministry showed that 10,600 workfare placements had been created in the first six months of 1999, a figure which the Toronto Star observed was significantly lower than that which had been predicted by the government.[23] Baird indicated that he would continue with the workfare program, and that the proportion of welfare recipients on workfare would be increased from 15% to 30%.[24]

Baird sparked criticism in late 1999 for refusing to cancel a five-year contract that had been signed between his department and the Bermuda-based private firm Andersen Consulting (later Accenture), worth up to $180 million. The contract, signed when Janet Ecker was Community and Social Services minister, entrusted Andersen with providing technological upgrades to the province's welfare management system. The arrangement was criticized by Auditor General Erik Peters, who observed that there was nothing in the contract to prevent Andersen from increasing its hourly rates.[25] A published report in early 2000 indicated that Andersen was charging an average of $257 per hour for work that had previously been done by ministry staff at $51 per hour. Another report indicated that the firm had charged a total of $55 million to find roughly $66 million worth of savings.[26] In response to opposition questions, Baird said that he would not terminate the contract but would endeavour to negotiate a lower rate.[27] Baird opposed the Harris government's plan to amalgamate the city of Ottawa with neighboring municipalities, which was approved by the legislature in 1999.[28]


In January 2000, Baird unveiled a series of initiatives designed to reduce fraud and misuse in the welfare system. This was highlighted by the establishment of a welfare fraud hotline[29] and a complementary conditionality three months later, in which anyone convicted of welfare fraud would run the risk of being given a lifetime ban from the program.[30] The investigations Baird initiated during the fiscal year of 2000 uncovered $58.2 million in social assistance that people were not entitled to receive, and $16.6 million in avoided future costs,[31] but critics of this approach, including opposition members, poverty advocates, and scholars,[32] suggested that the Harris government was overstating the extent of fraud in order to undermine public confidence in welfare programs.[33] In mid-year, Baird announced that workfare placements had reached departmental quotas for most of the province.[34]

Baird revealed a $50 million program in May 2000 to help people with developmental disabilities become integrated into their communities.[35] He later affirmed that the province was considering closing its remaining three institutions for the mentally handicapped as part of a larger strategy focusing on home care. Baird expressed concern about the physical condition of these institutions, saying that their residents "deserve better".[36] Later that same year, he stated that his department would spend $26 million on shelters and other funding for the homeless.[37]

Baird supported mandatory drug-testing for welfare recipients and argued that those who refused such tests should be at risk of having their assistance cut off. He introduced a policy initiative to this effect at a press conference in late 2000, in which he dramatically cast a box of syringes onto the floor and said that his department planned to "stop people from shooting their welfare cheque up their arm, and to help them shoot up the ladder of success". Baird acknowledged that his department did not have reliable figures on the number of welfare recipients abusing drugs, although he cited estimates of between 4% and 10%.[38] The proposal was criticized by several people, including Ontario Human Rights Commissioner Keith Norton, a former Progressive Conservative cabinet minister, who expressed concern that it could violate Ontario's human rights code,[39] but officials including Baird justified the measures as, "necessary in order to push people still receiving assistance toward independence."[40]

Shortly after Baird's announcement, a government website operated by the Ministry of Community and Social Services launched an attack against Liberal Party leader Dalton McGuinty for opposing the drug testing plan. The site claimed that McGuinty was "opposed to helping welfare recipients who are addicted to drugs". Baird denied that the message was partisan and initially refused to apologize.[41] The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario subsequently ruled that the site content was inappropriate and it was removed by the government, with an apology.[42]


In early 2001, Baird announced that his government's proposed drug-testing plan would be extended to identify welfare recipients addicted to prescription drugs and alcohol.[43] He later announced that provincial welfare applicants would be required to pass a literacy test.[44] The Harris government's welfare policies were put under scrutiny in August 2001 after a pregnant woman in Sudbury, Kimberly Rogers, died while serving a house arrest for welfare fraud. The woman had been confined to her apartment for three months and reports indicated that her pregnancy was "exacerbated by sweltering conditions in her apartment". Responding to criticism, Baird said that he could not comment on the specifics of the case until a coroner's inquest was completed.[45] He defended his government's general policy on welfare issues.[46] A subsequent inquest did not assign blame to the government for the woman's death, but recommended that lifetime bans for fraud be eliminated, and that adequate food, housing and medication be provided to anyone under house arrest.[47]

Baird was given additional responsibilities as Minister responsible for Children on February 8, 2001. His department increased funding for child services early in the year, amid a significant increase in provincial demand.[48] In November 2001, the provincial media obtained a confidential government report recommending 40–45% cuts in provincial child-care programs. Baird initially declined to comment on the document's contents, but rejected its proposals in early 2002.[49]

Baird was the first cabinet minister to support Jim Flaherty's campaign to succeed Mike Harris as Progressive Conservative leader in the party's 2002 leadership election.[50] The election was won by Flaherty's rival Ernie Eves, and early media reports suggested that Baird might be dropped from the new premier's cabinet in April 2002.[51] He was not, but was demoted to the position of Chief Government Whip while remaining associate minister for Francophone Affairs. His replacement in Social Services was Brenda Elliott, who was from the more centrist wing of the Progressive Conservative Party.[52]

Energy Minister and Government House Leader

Baird was returned to a more prominent cabinet position in August 2002 after Eves separated the ministries of Environment and Energy and appointed Baird to head the latter department. Baird was given additional responsibilities as Government House Leader in June 2003 after Chris Stockwell was forced to resign following allegations that he had used government funds for a family vacation.[53]

As Energy Minister, Baird was entrusted with implementing the government's plan to sell off part of Ontario's Hydro One.[54] A few months later, he became unexpectedly involved in two major and interrelated policy reversals. The Energy ministry came under intense media scrutiny in late 2002 after hydro rates increased significantly in many parts of the province. Critics argued that the Progressive Conservative government's price deregulation policy (implemented before Baird became Energy Minister) was responsible. Baird suggested that the rate increases resulted from an unusually hot summer.[55] Rates remained high through the autumn, and the Eves government was forced to re-regulate the market in November by introducing a price cap.[56] The government continued to support deregulation in principle, but maintained the cap for the remainder of its term in office. The second and more fundamental reversal occurred in late January 2003, when Premier Eves announced that Hydro One would remain under public control.[57]

Baird was regarded as less combative as Energy Minister than he had been in Community and Social Services. The energy policies of the Eves government were controversial, but opposition criticism was often directed at the premier rather than at Baird. Eves took a prominent interest in the Energy portfolio, and sometimes relegated Baird to a secondary role in policy announcements.[58] In November 2002, however, he was followed around the province by "Hydrozilla", a man in a giant lizard suit sent by the Ontario New Democratic Party as a stunt to show that deregulating electricity rates would create an 'economic monster' for consumers.[59] In early March 2003, Baird announced that the government might be forced to implement rolling blackouts as a response to energy shortages.[60] He encouraged conservation in late summer 2003, following a province-wide blackout caused by a generator failure in the United States.[61]

Opposition member

The Ontario Liberal Party won a majority government in the 2003 election, although Baird was comfortably re-elected in his own seat.[62] Between 2003 and 2005 he served as Official Opposition critic for Finance, Culture, Francophone Affairs, Intergovernmental Affairs and Health. He opposed the imposition of a health premium by Dalton McGuinty's government in 2004, charging that the Liberals broke an election pledge not the raise taxes. Baird and New Democrat Peter Kormos were vocal critics of Speaker Alvin Curling for allegedly favouring his Liberal colleagues, saying that he sanctioned Conservative and NDP members for behaviour he would allow from Liberals. At one stage, Baird described Curling's job performance as an "absolute disgrace".[63]

Baird co-chaired Jim Flaherty's second campaign to lead the Progressive Conservative party in 2004. Flaherty was again unsuccessful, losing on the second ballot to the more centrist John Tory.[64] Baird and Flaherty left provincial politics in 2005 to campaign for the federal House of Commons.[65] Although Baird was generally on the right wing of the provincial Progressive Conservative Party, he expressed liberal views on some social issues. He supported same-sex marriage during the 2003 provincial election, and in 2005 helped the McGuinty government achieve quick passage of a provincial bill granting legal recognition to same-sex couples.[66]

Federal politics

Baird with Narendra Modi in India in 2014

Baird supported a Canadian Alliance candidate in the 2000 federal election, and later endorsed Stephen Harper's bid to lead the newly formed Conservative Party of Canada in its 2004 leadership election.[67] He was appointed as the Conservative Party's Ontario co-chair for the 2004 federal election.[68] There were rumours that Baird would leave provincial politics to contest the 2004 election, but this did not happen.[69] In 2005 he resigned his provincial seat to campaign federally for the Conservative Party.

Baird won a contested nomination battle for Ottawa West—Nepean Conservative nomination on May 5, 2005, defeating challengers Ed Mahfouz, Margret Kopala and Ade Olumide. John Pacheco later campaigned in the election as an "Independent conservative", with the specific intent of being a spoiler against Baird. He argued that if his campaign caused Baird to lose, the Conservatives would "get the message that social conservatives are serious about their politics."[70] Baird chose to ignore Pacheco entirely in at least one all-candidates debate.[71]

Baird was elected, defeating Liberal candidate Lee Farnworth by about 5,000 votes. The Ottawa Citizen endorsed Baird in this campaign, and argued that his political judgment had improved considerably since his tenure as a Harris cabinet minister.[72] In December 2006 Baird was one of thirteen Conservative MPs who voted against reopening the national debate on same-sex marriage.[73]

Baird played an aggressive role in Question Period after his appointment to cabinet, leading MP Garth Turner to describe him as Stephen Harper's "Commons pit bull".[74]

President of the Treasury Board

Baird was appointed President of the Treasury Board on February 6, 2006. Following his appointment, he said that one of his priorities would be to prevent government jobs from being relocated from Ottawa to other regions for political purposes.[75] Baird also indicated that his government was not planning to introduce job cuts or initiate a radical reduction in the size of government.[76] In June 2006 he announced the creation of a three-member panel to advise the federal government on grant and contribution programs and accountability issues. One of the members was Frances Lankin, a former Ontario New Democratic Party cabinet minister.[77]

Accountability Act

Baird introduced the Conservative government's first piece of legislation in April 2006. The Accountability Act promised significant reform to the structure of Canadian politics and government. Prime Minister Harper said that it would "put an end to the influence of money" in the Canadian government. The Accountability Act restricted the ability of former politicians and bureaucrats to become lobbyists, provided protection to whistle-blowers in the civil service and gave the Auditor General of Canada new powers of oversight. It limited individual donations to political parties and candidates to $1,100 per year (down from $5,200), created nine new or revised positions to oversee the activities of public officials and placed crown corporations such as the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation under access-to-information legislation.[78]

Opposition MPs complained that several recommendations for access-to-information reform were omitted from the bill, and were instead sent to committee for further review. New Democratic Party MP Pat Martin suggested that this deferral could delay meaningful reform for the foreseeable future.[79] Martin later made a deal with Baird to give the bill an easy passage through committee, in return for the Conservatives accepting some NDP amendments.[80]

Information Commissioner John Reid criticized the new proposed powers for his department under the legislation, arguing that they would create unnecessary bureaucracy.[81] Shortly after the Accountability Act was introduced to parliament, Reid issued an emergency report saying that the legislation would "increase the government's ability to cover up wrongdoing, shield itself from embarrassment and control the flow of information to Canadians". He added that no government had ever put forward "a more retrograde and dangerous" set of proposals for dealing with access to information laws. Baird described Reid's criticisms as "excessive", stating that most of the commissioner's specific concerns were minor in nature.[82] Representatives of Canada's business community also expressed concern about changes to disclosure laws, arguing that their commercial secrets could be exposed to competitors.[83]

The bill passed the House of Commons on division in June 2006. The Senate of Canada approved it in December 2006, with several amendments, and sent it back to the Commons for further consideration. The amended act was approved by the Commons without debate on December 8,[84] and was signed into law four days later.[85]

Shortly after the bill first passed the Commons, Baird acknowledged that the Conservatives might have unintentionally broken political financing laws by failing to report convention fees collected in 2005. He told a Senate committee that $1.7 million was left unreported and that he did not realize it was an issue at the time.[86] The matter is under review by the Chief Electoral Officer.[when?] The Conservatives quietly tabled an amendment to the Accountability Act in November 2006, stipulating that convention fees will not be counted as political contributions.[87]

Program cuts

In May 2006, Baird was asked to find $1 billion in cuts for 2006 and 2007.[88] On September 25, on the same day that the government announced a $13.2 billion surplus, Baird announced cuts to sixty-six federal programs, including Status of Women, medicinal marijuana research, Canadian museums, adult literacy, youth employment and social development and the British Columbia pine beetle program. One of the most controversial cuts was to the federal Court Challenges Program, which provided funding for Canadians to pursue rights cases in the Canadian court system.[89] Baird argued that government funding would be redirected in a way that "reflects the priorities of working families" and that he "just [didn't] think it made sense for the government to subsidize lawyers to challenge the government's own laws in court."[90] In justifying cuts to adult literacy programs, Baird referenced his government's support for youth literacy and said, "We've got to fix the ground level problem and not be trying to do repair work after the fact."[91]

2006 Ottawa municipal election

In early October 2006, Baird's department reviewed a promised $200 million grant to the City of Ottawa's light-rail expansion project for the O-Train. Baird indicated that the government would keep the funding at least until the November election, but added that the Council elected in November would have the final say on the issue.[92] He also leaked details of the city's contact with the German firm Siemens.[93] As a result, the rail program became a focal issue in the 2006 Ottawa mayoral election and Baird's opponents accused him of trying to influence the outcome.[94] Baird and Ottawa Mayor Bob Chiarelli accused one another of lying about details of the project,[95] and Liberal MP Navdeep Bains asked the Federal Ethics Commissioner to investigate Baird's decision to release details of the private contract.[96] Chiarelli was defeated in the election and the light-rail expansion was stopped by the new council.[97]

An Ottawa Citizen report in January 2007 revealed that federal officials had not posed any objections to the light-rail project before Baird's intervention, and suggested that his involvement was political in nature.[98] Green Party leader Elizabeth May speculated that Ottawa may have been deprived of light-rail service because of an apparent "personal vendetta" from Baird against Chiarelli. Baird denied this charge, saying that his intervention was not political.[93]

Opponents of the light-rail project have argued that it was undertaken without sufficient consultation with the public. In February 2008, it was reported that the House of Commons committee on government operations would be looking into his involvement over the case. MP and committee member Mark Holland voiced a concern that Baird leaked information on the contract. Baird replied that he made the right decision and dismissed the investigation saying "there is no evidence of anything". Speaking to reporters he added following the announcement of the investigation: "If you want to avert a billion-dollar boondoggle, you have to make some difficult decisions".[99]

Other responsibilities

Baird held ministerial responsibilities for the Toronto Harbourfront Centre and the Toronto Waterfront Revitalization Corporation.[100] He developed a working relationship with Toronto Mayor David Miller soon after his appointment, and was present for the announcement of a comprehensive new waterfront strategy in June 2006. Ontario cabinet minister David Caplan described Baird as a champion of waterfront renewal and Miller described him as an ally of the city.[101] Baird spent Christmas 2006 meeting with Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan.[102]

Environment Minister 2007–08

On January 4, 2007, Baird was appointed as Environment Minister in a cabinet shuffle, replacing Rona Ambrose. In making the appointment, Prime Minister Stephen Harper acknowledged that his government needed to do more to make the environment a priority.[103] Some commentators remarked favourably on Baird's appointment, describing him as a strong communicator and negotiator.[104] Columnist Andrew Coyne, however, described Baird as "the man sent to kill the issue," suggesting that Baird's appointment was meant to neutralize the environment as an election issue rather than to initiate any meaningful reforms.[105] Baird is a vocal opponent of the Kyoto Protocol, which he argues will bring about an "economic collapse".[106] Later in 2007, he added that any new environmental agreements must include reduction targets for major greenhouse emitters such as China, India and the United States who have not signed the Protocol or does not have any mandatory reductions set by the Protocol.[107] Baird met with renowned Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki following his appointment. At the time Suzuki said he was encouraged by Baird's approach, but remained skeptical of the Harper government's environmental plans.[108] However, when Baird unveiled the Conservative government's plan in April 2007, Suzuki confronted him, calling the plan "a disappointment".[109]

Approach to the Kyoto Protocol

In February 2007, the Liberal opposition brought forward a non-binding motion for Canada to renew its commitment to the Kyoto Protocol. All Conservative MPs who were present in the House, including Baird, voted against the motion, which passed with the support of the three opposition parties.[110] The following month, opposition members on a special Commons committee used their majority to bring forward sweeping changes to the government's Clean Air Act. Among other things, the revised act called for participation in international carbon markets and the fulfillment of Kyoto targets.[111]

Baird indicated that the opposition's changes would not be included in federal targets or regulations.[112][113]

In April 2007, Baird produced a federal study supported by five independent economists to support his approach to the Kyoto Protocol. Among the five economists was Toronto-Dominion Bank chief economist Don Drummond, who also wrote a private letter to Baird arguing that the "economic cost [of implementing Kyoto] would be at least as deep as the recession in the early 1980s."[113] Opposition parliamentarians dismissed the report as a scare tactic, while Liberal Environment critic David McGuinty argued that the study was misleading, saying that it did not properly examine international emission trading and ignored jobs to be created through the "green economy".[114] The report claimed that Canada's ability to invest in developing nations to meet emissions targets through CDM by misquoting the amount of credit to be $85 million instead of the real approximation of $3 billion. Soon afterward, a United Nations report also contradicted the study mentioning that "steep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions can be accomplished at a cost of only 0.12 per cent of the world's annual economic output" but Baird responded that Canada's gas emission levels would peak in 2012, three years before the UN's set target of 2015.[115]

Environmental strategy

Baird was the Harper government's representative at the release of a major United Nations report on climate change in Paris in February 2007. He described the report as a "turning point in the battle against climate change," while indicating his surprise that human activity was found to be a major cause of the phenomenon.[116]

Baird released his government's targets for greenhouse gas emissions in late April 2007. The plan calls for Canada to begin cutting its existing rate of greenhouse gas emissions by 2010 and for cuts to reach 20% by 2020. Under this plan, Canada will reach its Kyoto targets between 2020 and 2025, taking an additional eight to thirteen years longer than Kyoto. The government plan uses production intensity targets instead of hard caps. Baird said that the "plan strikes a balance between the perfection some environmentalists may be seeking and the status quo that some in industry seek to protect."[117] In December 2007, Baird revealed in a plan that over 700 big-polluter companies, including oil and gas, pulp and paper, electricity and iron and steel companies, must cut greenhouse emissions by six percent between 2008 and 2010. The companies would also have to produce an annual report every May 31 that would include data regarding the level of greenhouses emissions produced each year.[118] Baird's proposal has been met with approval from Canada's oilpatch executives, who described them as the toughest emission regulations in the world, and who feared that more stringent standards would stifle oil sands exploration.[119][120] Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty had been considerably less critical than his brother, federal Liberal Member of Parliament David McGuinty, having written to Prime Minister Harper on the environmental policy. The Premier had stressed the importance of a policy that considered the North American market as a whole, due to the automotive industry's importance to his province. McGuinty said the Conservatives' environmental plan could have gone further but described the auto emissions part of the plan as "very sensible".[121]

Members of opposition parties have criticized the government's abandonment of the Kyoto goals, while David Suzuki described the proposal as a "sham" with "weak targets".[122] Former US vice president Al Gore said Baird's plan was a "complete and total fraud" that was "designed to mislead the Canadian people".[123] Baird responded by defending his plan and by criticizing Gore's environmental record, noting that no similarly stringent measures were passed during Gore's tenure in office and that the Kyoto Treaty was never submitted to the US Senate for ratification.[124] Liberal Party MP Pablo Rodriguez introduced to the House of Commons a private bill that would have forced Canada to comply with the Kyoto Treaty in response to the government's plan. While the bill passed, Baird mentioned that, even though that the government wouldn't dismiss the idea, there were no new environmental measures planned.[125] All three opposition parties demanded that the environment become one of the main points of the government's Throne Speech in the 2007 fall session.[126]

Environmental record

Shortly after his appointment, Baird, Stephen Harper and Natural Resources Minister Gary Lunn announced $1.5 billion for clean-energy initiatives over the next decade. Baird and Lunn also announced a $230 million program for clean energy technology. Lunn said that "there were literally hundreds of programs but there was no focus" when the Conservatives took office.[127] Critics argued that the new Conservative measures were similar to measures introduced by the Liberals in their 2005 budget.[128] Former Liberal leader Stéphane Dion has argued that the Conservative Party's strategy is too strongly focused on nuclear energy.[129]

On February 12, 2007, Baird appeared at a press conference with Stephen Harper and Quebec Premier Jean Charest to announce a $1.5 billion environmental fund for the provinces.[130] Journalist Frances Russell criticized that as a reduction from the $3 billion promised by the previous Liberal government.[131]

Canada is a signatory to the Kyoto protocol which legally requires signatory countries to set up compatible carbon trading markets. In direct defiance of this international legal obligation, in March 2007, Baird indicated that he wanted Canadian companies to be banned, or at least severely restricted, from participating in the international carbon market. Several European countries had already set up a trading system to allow companies that reduce their emission levels below government targets to sell "credits" on an international market. Many industry leaders argued that Canada should adopt a similar policy. Then-opposition leader Stéphane Dion argued that participation will allow Canadian firms to make "megatonnes of money". Baird however described some carbon markets as "shaky," and argued that trade should be restricted to within Canada, or perhaps within North America.[132] In April he indicated that Canadian businesses would soon gain the right to earn credits by investing in overseas environmental projects.[112]

Baird defended another Conservative government decision to cut funds for climate science research, arguing that further studies are largely superfluous in light of recent United Nations reports. Gordon McBean of the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences has disagreed, claiming that further research is the best way to adapt to a changing climate.[133][134]

Baird said in a House of Commons Committee that his government would not consider the implementation of a carbon tax.[135] He told that the government's approach "will be to provide regulation for industry to ensure we reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and reduce air pollutants"[136]


While participating at the United Nations Summit On Climate Changes in Bali, Indonesia, Baird announced a $86 million funding to help Canadian communities notably coping with the loss of forests due to pine beetles in the west and of infrastructures in the north due to softer soil. The four-year plan included $56 million on several projects and $29 million for research.[137]

Baird was criticized by some parties and observers for obstructing progress on what was to become 'the Bali Action Plan'.[138][139] Baird showed up for the Bali Conference at which it was intended he explain Canada's position at a meeting with non-governmental activists, but instead quickly left, with one of the activists alleging that Baird left because he "probably did not want to confront young activists critical of Canada's stand."[140]

Draft Baird Movement

In late November and early December 2008, a website went online allegedly representing a movement to draft Baird for leader of the Conservative Party, in the face of Stephen Harper facing possible defeat by an opposition coalition.[141]

The draft group allegedly comprised over 100 party members from across the country—including two MPs and one Senator (who, reportedly, had requested anonymity).[142] In its only contact with the media, the campaign claimed it had nearly 3,000 visitors and 237 new supporters in less than ten hours.[citation needed]

Baird indicated afterward not only that he was loyal to Harper, but that he was uninterested in ever becoming party leader. In 2011 he told a newspaper, "Some people may have when growing up, always harboured leadership ambitions. I've never harboured leadership ambitions. It is the honest-to-God truth."[143]

Minister of Transport (2008–2010)

Baird served as Minister of Transport between October 30, 2008, and August 6, 2010.[citation needed]

'Interim' Environment Minister 2010–2011

Cancun climate 'fossil awards'

After resuming his environment portfolio from November 2010 until January 2011, Baird was the Harper government's main representative to the United Nations climate conference in Cancun in December 2010. On the first day, Canada "won" three Fossil of the Day awards, awards which, after a vote by more than 400 leading[which?] international organizations, go to countries that do the most to disrupt or undermine UN climate talks."[144] Canada under Baird was accused of "working against progressive legislation to address climate change", cited for "cancelling support for clean energy and for failing to have any plan to meet its very weak target for reducing [Canada]'s greenhouse gas emissions."[144]

Foreign Affairs Minister 2011–2015

John Baird with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in Washington, D.C., August 4, 2011
John Baird with Clinton's successor as U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in London, United Kingdom, April 11, 2013

Activists on board a Canadian boat taking supplies to Gaza (which had been blockaded by the Israeli government to ensure that weapons and other contraband did not enter Gaza) in November 2011 urged Baird to resign as foreign minister for "failing to do his job". They said they had been roughed up and Tasered by Israeli forces and that "If minister Baird wants to put the interests of a far-right Israeli government before Canadians, he should apply for the job of Israel's ambassador".[145] Baird affirmed Canada's support for Likud's opposition to Palestinian statehood while visiting Israel in February 2012.[146]

On September 7, 2012, he announced the sudden closure of Canada's embassy in Tehran and the expulsion of all Iranian diplomats from Canada. Baird made the announcement at an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting in Russia. He said Canada's decision was not linked to growing speculation of an imminent attack by Israel on Iran's nuclear facilities. Baird said "Canada views the government of Iran as the most significant threat to global peace and security in the world today." Canada's actions were immediately praised by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu who described them as "bold leadership."[147]

Baird signed an agreement between the Governments of the United Arab Emirates and Canada for cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.[148]

Baird's criticism of the stance of several African countries on same-sex rights and of the Russian Federation for its ban on "homosexual propaganda" and other moves to suppress LGBT rights have been condemned by the social conservative lobby group REAL Women of Canada which issued a statement accusing him of "abuse of office" claiming that "Mr. Baird's actions are destructive to the conservative base in Canada and causing collateral damage to his party."[149] A spokesman for Baird's office replied stating "The promotion and protection of human rights is an integral part of Canada’s foreign policy."[149]

Baird refused to sign the world Arms Trade Treaty, with the Canadian government reportedly ordering its diplomats to play a "low-key, minimal role" during negotiations and protect the rights of Canadian gun owners.[150]

Resignation and departing public office

Following his resignation as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Baird remained a backbench MP for several weeks. On February 19, 2015, he represented the government at the re-opening of Canada House, the home of the Canadian High Commission to the United Kingdom.[151] Baird's resignation from parliament took effect on March 16, 2015.[2]

Private sector

Since leaving politics, Baird has accepted several private sector appointments. In June 2015 he was hired as a strategic adviser to Hatch Ltd, an international engineering and consulting firm for companies in the resource industry. In October 2015 he joined political risk consulting firm Eurasia Group as a senior adviser, where he offers strategic insight to companies on how global politics affects business.[152] He has also been hired as an adviser to Bennett Jones, and accepted an appointment to the board of directors of Canadian Pacific Railway.[153]

On March 27, 2015, Barrick Gold Corp. announced Mr. Baird's appointment to its international advisory board, along with former U.S. Speaker of the House of Representatives, Newt Gingrich. No compensation details were disclosed in the filings.[154]

In August 2018, Baird appeared on Saudi-owned TV station Al Arabiya to comment on the diplomatic dispute between Canada and Saudi Arabia and urged Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to fly to Riyadh to apologize in person to the Saudi royal family.[155] NDP MP Charlie Angus called the appearance "stunning" and suggested that the Ethics Commissioner should investigate the incident.[156]

Later political activity

Following the 2019 federal election, Baird was commissioned by the Conservative Party to investigate and deliver a report analyzing the party's campaign and the reasons for its failure to win the election. When party leader Andrew Scheer resigned, Baird supported Pierre Poilievre's prospective leadership campaign, agreeing to be its campaign chair. Poilievre unexpectedly decided not to enter the campaign, however, and Baird was encouraged to run as a "true blue" candidate in his place. On February 13, 2020, Baird announced he would not be a candidate in the 2020 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election.[157] He endorsed Pierre Poilievre in the 2022 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election.

Electoral record

2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative John Baird 25,226 44.71 -0.27 $85,279.84
Liberal Anita Vandenbeld 17,790 31.53 -4.59 $83,063.37
New Democratic Marlene Rivier 11,128 19.72 +8.20 $27,580.67
Green Mark Mackenzie 2,279 4.04 -2.32 $16,343.75
Total valid votes/Expense limit 56,423 100.00   $88,802.24
Total rejected ballots 292 0.51
Turnout 56,715 69.42
Eligible voters 81,693
Conservative hold Swing -2.43
Source: Elections Canada[158]
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Baird 25,109 44.98 +1.85
Liberal David Pratt 20,161 36.12 +2.03
New Democratic Marlene Rivier 6,432 11.52 -4.60
Green Frances Coates 3,552 6.36 +1.42
Independent David Page 415 0.74 +0.74
Communist Alex McDonald 150 0.28 +0.28
Total valid votes 55,819

2006 Canadian federal election: Ottawa West—Nepean
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Conservative John Baird 25,607 43.07 $73,697.79
Liberal Lee Farnworth 20,250 34.06 $71,412.19
New Democratic Marlene Rivier 9,626 16.19 $24,830.25
Green Neil Adair 2,941 4.95 $974.79
  Ind. (Ind. Conservative) John Pacheco 905 1.52 $16,671.51
Canadian Action Randy Bens 121 0.20 $620.00
Total valid votes 59,450 100.00
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 269
Turnout 59,719 71.38
Electors on the lists 83,662
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.

2003 Ontario general election: Nepean—Carleton
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Progressive Conservative John Baird 31,662 54.06 −8.25 $ 89,484.81
Liberal Rod Vanier 20,878 35.65 +2.45 59,182.48
New Democratic Liam McCarthy 3,828 6.54 +3.28 7,619.96
Green Matt Takach 2,200 3.76 4,820.88
Total valid votes/expense limit 58,568 100.0   +15.69 $ 90,762.24
Total rejected ballots 263 0.45 −0.13
Turnout 58,831 62.23 +1.21
Eligible voters 94,544   +13.30
"General Election of October 2, 2003 — Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
"General Election of October 2, 2003 — Statistical Summary". Elections Ontario. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
"2003 Election Returns - Candidate and Association" ( Word'95 .doc files /  – 3.05MB). Retrieved May 28, 2014.

1999 Ontario general election: Nepean—Carleton
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Progressive Conservative John Baird 31,546 62.31 $60,150.37
Liberal Gord Hunter 16,809 33.20 56,229.71
New Democratic Craig Parsons 1,647 3.25 8,231.29
Freedom Bill Frampton 386 0.76 0.00
Natural Law Brian E. Jackson 239 0.47 0.00
Total valid votes/expense limit 50,627 100.0   $ 80,110.08
Total rejected ballots 294 0.58
Turnout 50,921 61.02
Eligible voters 83,448

1995 Ontario general election: Nepean
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Progressive Conservative John Baird 17,510 49.66 $40,800.37
Liberal Hans Daigeler 13,575 38.50 $45,021.83
New Democratic John Sullivan 3,274 9.29 $15,380.57
Green Frank de Jong 390 1.11 $0.00
Natural Law Brian E. Jackson 259 0.73 $0.00
Freedom Cathy Frampton 252 0.71 $2,307.70
Total valid votes 35,260 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 363
Turnout 35,623 64.97
Electors on the lists 54,832

All electoral information taken from Elections Canada and Elections Ontario. Italicized expenditures refer to submitted totals, and are presented when the final reviewed totals are not available.

The 1999 and 2003 expenditure entries are taken from official candidate reports as listed by Elections Ontario. The figures cited are the Total Candidate's Campaign Expenses Subject to Limitation, and include transfers from constituency associations.


  1. ^ "LIVE- John Baird resigns as Stephen Harper's foreign affairs minister". CBC. February 3, 2015. Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "John Baird to step down as MP on March 16". Toronto Star. Canadian Press. March 11, 2015. Archived from the original on March 12, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "The 39th Parliament:Stephen Harper's first shuffle". January 4, 2007. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "The Honourable John Baird Member of Parliament for Ottawa West—Nepean Minister of the Environment: Biography". Environment Canada. July 16, 2013. Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  5. ^ "In Depth: Canada-Kyoto timeline". February 14, 2007. Archived from the original on January 28, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  6. ^ "Baird, John, B.A.(Hons.) (Nepean-Carleton) - Canadian Parliamentary Guide 2005". Archived from the original on September 11, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  7. ^ Jake Rupert and Shannon Proudfoot, "Baird takes Liberal stronghold", Ottawa Citizen, January 24, 2006, pg. D3.
  8. ^ Duncan McMonagle, "Peterson cites examples of U.S. woe in bid to block deal", Globe and Mail, November 7, 1988, A8.
  9. ^ "A sketch of Environment Minister John Baird", Canadian Press, January 4, 2007.
  10. ^ Daniel Drolet, "Youngest MPP comes of age", Ottawa Citizen, September 5, 1995, pg. B3.
  11. ^ MacLeod, Henry (June 16, 2008). "MPs and busy lives don't make for great food choices". The Hill Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  12. ^ MacLeod, Harris (October 6, 2008). "Baird's a pescatarian, not a vegetarian". The Hill Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  13. ^ Akin, David (August 18, 2000). "Canada's military power on display during PM's northern tour". The Star Phoenix. Retrieved November 18, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Harper to Canada's seals: I will eat you" Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, David Akin's On The Hill, August 19, 2009; retrieved November 18, 2009.
  15. ^ Ottawa Business Journal, June 16, 2008, pg. 3.
  16. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 8, 1995. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  17. ^ a b "John R. Baird MPP: Parliamentary History Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Legislative Assembly of Ontario, online document; accessed September 6, 2015.
  18. ^ Local dignitaries cry out for Veterans Memorial Highway, Perley Rideau, Fall 2006, pg. 8; retrieved October 24, 2007. Archived 29 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 3, 1999. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  20. ^ "Baird brings clout, baggage to his new job" Archived October 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Toronto Star, January 5, 2007
  21. ^ Jane Coutts, "15,000 fell off welfare in July, Tories say ", Globe and Mail, August 17, 1999, pg. A7 and Caroline Mallan, "Workfare stats elude minister", Toronto Star, August 17, 1999, pg. 1.
  22. ^ One political columnist, Ian Urquhart, described the program as "largely a fraud". See Ian Urquhart, "Workfare program a fraud", Toronto Star, August 18, 1999, pg. 1.
  23. ^ "Hardly a triumph", Toronto Star, November 5, 1999, pg. 1.
  24. ^ Richard Mackie, "Ontario workfare plans won't work", Globe and Mail, December 31, 1999, pg. A7.
  25. ^ Theresa Boyle, "Some consulting service fees higher, ministry confirms", Toronto Star, December 10, 1999, pg. 1.
  26. ^ "Ontario Tories real perpetrators of welfare fraud", Toronto Star, January 15, 2000; Colin Perkel, "Tracking device angers opposition", Toronto Star, March 31, 2000, pg. 1.
  27. ^ "Ontario rejects call to fire firm", Winnipeg Free Press, December 10, 1999, pg. B6.
    In 2005, a glitch in Accenture's computer system prevented an increase in payments for Ontarians with disabilities.
  28. ^ Dan Nolan, "Tory MPPs talk merger with caucus", Hamilton Spectator, November 30, 1999, pg. A1.
  29. ^ "Government Continues Crackdown on Welfare Fraud and Misuse", Canada NewsWire, January 6, 2000, 10:45 report.
  30. ^ "Ontario's Zero Tolerance Policy on Welfare Cheats Effective Today", Canada NewsWire, April 1, 2000.
  31. ^ "Thousands caught through Harris government's tough welfare fraud measures". Ministry of Community and Social Services. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2012.
  32. ^ Mosher, Janet; Brockman, Joan (May 10, 2010). Welfare Fraud: The Construction of Social Assistance As Crime. UBC Press. pp. 20=23. ISBN 9780774859462. Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
  33. ^ Richard Mackie, "Ontario 'inflating' welfare fraud", Globe and Mail, January 7, 2000, A8.
  34. ^ James McCarten, "Ontario workfare placements finally up to snuff: Baird", Canadian Press, June 5, 2000.
  35. ^ "Disabled people to get more funds", Globe and Mail, May 6, 2000, pg. A9.
  36. ^ Tom Blackwell, "Ontario could close institutions for mentally disabled", National Post, September 15, 2000, pg. A4.
  37. ^ James Stevenson, "Ontario to spend $26 million on shelters and programs for homeless", Canadian Press, December 21, 2000.
  38. ^ Tom Blackwell, "Civil rights group may challenge drug testing", National Post, November 15, 2000, pg. A27.
  39. ^ Theresa Boyle, "Welfare drug test plan sets off storm", Toronto Star, November 15, 2000, pg. 1.
  40. ^ DePalma, Anthony (August 9, 2001). "Ontario's New Welfare Rule: Be Literate and Drug Free". NYT. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  41. ^ Richard Mackie, "Government-funded Web site launches attack on McGuinty", Globe and Mail, December 6, 2000, pg. A7.
  42. ^ "Tories-web attack", Broadcast News, December 13, 2000.
  43. ^ Tom Blackwell, "Tories to force alcoholics on welfare into treatment", National Post, January 26, 2001, A02.
  44. ^ Tom Blackwell, "Literacy to be mandatory to get welfare", National Post, May 4, 2001, A04.
  45. ^ Mark MacKinnon and Keith Lacey, "Bleak House", Globe and Mail, August 18, 2001, pg. F1.
  46. ^ "Province defends welfare rules after death of pregnant Sudbury, Ont., woman", Canadian Press, August 17, 2001.
  47. ^ ""Selected Inquest Recommendations", Elizabeth Fry Society, online document". April 1, 2000. Archived from the original on June 25, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  48. ^ Martin Mittelstaedt, "Funding boosted for child services", Globe and Mail, February 15, 2001, pg. A16.
  49. ^ "Minister silent on child-care paper", Toronto Star, November 15, 2001, p. 33; Cassandra Szklarski, "Ontario's Tories say no plan to slash child care as indicated in leaked report", Canadian Press, January 17, 2002.
  50. ^ Richard Mackie, "Three ministers surge ahead in Tory race", Globe and Mail, October 29, 2001, A10.
  51. ^ Caroline Mallan and Richard Brennan, "Eves gives rival plum job", Toronto Star, April 15, 2002, pg. A19.
  52. ^ "Premier Eves Sworn in as Ontario's 23rd Premier: New Cabinet Announced" Archived December 24, 2005, at the Wayback Machine, UDI/Ontario, 2003.
  53. ^ April Lindgren, "Stockwell quits over expenses", National Post, June 17, 2003, pg. pg. A1.
  54. ^ Colin Perkel, "Ministry in such hot water, Eves splits duties", Hamilton Spectator, August 23, 2002, B05.
  55. ^ Chinta Puxley and Fred Vallance-Jones, "High bills shock consumers", Hamilton Spectator, September 25, 2002, pg. A12.
  56. ^ Rajiv Sekhri, "Ontario caps power rates as deregulation unravels", Reuters News, November 11, 2002.
  57. ^ "Hydro sale dead: Eves". CBC News. January 20, 2003. Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  58. ^ "Ontario Votes 2003" Archived December 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine, CBC; accessed September 6, 2015.
  59. ^ Robert Benzie and Graham Richardson, "They're calling it 'Electrocution Week'", National Post, November 18, 2002, pg. A12.
  60. ^ John Spears, "Power supply woes loom?", Toronto Star, March 4, 2003, pg. A1.
  61. ^ "Ontario averts new blackout, but hot weather stirs fears", Winnipeg Free Press, August 20, 2003, pg. A11.
  62. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. October 2, 2003. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  63. ^ Rob Ferguson, "New premium won't be listed separately on pay", Toronto Star, May 19, 2004, pg. A9; "'Dysfunctional' legislature shocks Tory", CanWest News Service, December 17, 2004, pg. A11.
  64. ^ Ian Urquhart, "Tories are lining up to replace Eves", Hamilton Spectator, January 21, 2004, pg. A11.
  65. ^ "Canada Votes 2006 : "Candidates & Ridings" Archived October 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, CBC, 2006
  66. ^ Howlett, Karen (February 25, 2005). "Ontario approves same-sex law". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  67. ^ Tonda McCharles, "Harper fast out of the blocks", Toronto Star, January 13, 2004, pg. A3.
  68. ^ Robert Benzie and Susan Delacourt, "Tories must sustain their drive, Harper says", Toronto Star, June 6, 2004, pg. A8.
  69. ^ "John Baird has decided not to go federal", Broadcast News, February 10, 2004.
  70. ^ Juliet O'Neill, "Social conservative runs as independent; hopes to spoil Baird's bid", Ottawa Citizen, December 30, 2005, pg. A6. 2005-DEC-24: Election campaigning ceases over Christmas Archived February 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Religious Tolerance.
  71. ^ Juliet O'Neill, "Baird's health-care stance draws fire in Ottawa West-Nepean", Ottawa Citizen, January 14, 2006, pg. A5.
  72. ^ "Baird is the clear choice", Ottawa Citizen, January 17, 2006, pg. B4.
  73. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Same-sex debate put to rest: PM", National Post, December 8, 2006, pg. A1.
  74. ^ Julie Smyth, "MP's camera goes where media can't", National Post, June 17, 2006, pg. A8.
  75. ^ Mohammad Adam, "PS jobs will stay in Ottawa, Baird vows", Ottawa Citizen, February 8, 2006, pg. A1.
  76. ^ Kathryn May, "No cuts coming, Baird assures PS", Ottawa Citizen, February 7, 2006, pg. A4.
  77. ^ "Independent blue-ribbon panel to advise on grant and contribution programs" [press release], Canada NewsWire, June 6, 2005.
  78. ^ Allan Woods, "No more 'entitlements': PM", National Post, April 12, 2006, pg. A1.
  79. ^ Kathryn May, "Tories back away from key plank in ethics bill", Ottawa Citizen, April 5, 2006, pg. A1; Jim Bronskill, "Government has second thoughts about access-to-information reforms", Canadian Press, April 11, 2006, 16:39 report; John Ivison, "Reforms fall short of tory pledge", National Post, April 12, 2006, pg. A4.
  80. ^ Bill Curry, "A handshake and a dance tame critic of ethics bill", Globe and Mail, June 19, 2006, pg. A4.
  81. ^ Kathryn May, "Watchdog blasts Tory reforms", Edmonton Journal, April 10, 2006, pg. A6.
  82. ^ "Commissioner slams Harper for about-face on info access reform", Canadian Press, April 28, 2006.
  83. ^ Steven Chase, "Tories won't change course on lobbying rules", Globe and Mail, June 14, 2006, pg. B4.
  84. ^ "Amended accountability act unanimously waived through Commons without vote", Canadian Press, December 8, 2006.
  85. ^ "Accountability Act signed into law" Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine,, December 12, 2006; retrieved 2014-04-12.
  86. ^ Joan Bryden, "Tories may have taken in close to $2 million in illegal contributions", Canadian Press, June 28, 2006.
  87. ^ "Tories to amend law they're accused of breaking", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, November 18, 2006, pg. A3.
  88. ^ Steven Chase, "Budget makes little headway toward reining in spending", Globe and Mail, May 3, 2006, pg. A18.
  89. ^ Steven Chase, "Ottawa's $2-billion hit list", Globe and Mail, September 26, 2006, pg. A1; Eric Beauchesne, "Flush feds 'trim fat': $13.2-billion surplus", Montreal Gazette, September 26, 2006, pg. A1; Carol Goar, "A slightly less 'Just Society'" [editorial], Toronto Star, October 2, 2006, pg. A18.
  90. ^ Les Whittington and Bruce Campion-Smith, "Tories cut $1B despite surplus", Toronto Star, September 26, 2006, pg. A1; "Liberal programs axed under Tory spending cuts", CTV News, September 26, 2006, Retrieved September 26, 2006; John Sossin, "An axe that harms democracy" [opinion], Toronto Star, September 28, 2006, pg. A23.
  91. ^ Carol Goar, "Tories misread literacy needs", Toronto Star, October 16, 2006, pg. A18.
  92. ^ No federal rail money before Ottawa election: Baird Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, CBC Ottawa, October 11, 2006; retrieved 2014-04-12.
  93. ^ a b Lawrence Martin, "Ottawa derailed by politics?", Globe and Mail, January 11, 2007, pg. A19.
  94. ^ Mark Sutcliffe, "Baird becomes focus of race without being a candidate", Ottawa Citizen, October 8, 2006, A9; Jake Rupert, "'I don't like being lied to,' Baird says", Ottawa Citizen, October 12, 2006, pg. C1.
  95. ^ Patrick Dare, "Chiarelli slams Baird for 'lying to the public'", Ottawa Citizen, October 13, 2006, pg. F1.
  96. ^ Chris Lackner and James Gordon, "Liberal MPs want Baird investigated by ethics czar" Archived August 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Ottawa Citizen, October 19, 2006, pg. C1.
  97. ^ Jake Rupert, "Council kills light rail, blames federal government", Ottawa Citizen, December 15, 2006, pg. A1.
  98. ^ Mohammed Adam, "Baird's rail ruling was political, documents show", Ottawa Citizen, January 6, 2007, A1. See also Ken Gray, "Mr. Baird's municipal preoccupation", Ottawa Citizen, January 26, 2007, pg. F4.
  99. ^ Commons committee to probe Baird's role in Ottawa civic election Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, CBC Ottawa, February 6, 2008; retrieved 2014-04-12.
  100. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "How to make friends and influence Ottawa", Globe and Mail, March 4, 2006, M2.
  101. ^ Kerry Gillespie, "Ottawa backs waterfront renewal", Toronto Star, March 28, 2006, pg. B1; Richard Brennan, "Wooing hearts... and votes", Toronto Star, May 28, 2006, pg. A6;
  102. ^ Brian Hutchinson, "Battle Expected To Intensify", National Post, December 26, 2006, pg. A1.
  103. ^ Andrew Mayeda and Mike Blanchfield, "Harper shuffles the deck", Ottawa Citizen, January 5, 2007, pg. A1.
  104. ^ L. Ian Macdonald, "Good fix, good fit: Harper's shuffle could solve his environmental image problem", Montreal Gazette, January 6, 2007, pg. B7.
  105. ^ Andrew Coyne, "The man sent to kill the issue: Baird posting is all about appearances", National Post, January 5, 2007, pg. A1.
  106. ^ Dennis Bueckert, "Environment minister shows no sign of compromise on Kyoto Protocol", Canadian Press, February 8, 2007.
  107. ^ "UN climate change conference hails Australia Kyoto signing". December 3, 2007. Archived from the original on September 25, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  108. ^ "Get moving on climate change, Suzuki urges", Winnipeg Free Press, January 12, 2007, pg. A13.
  109. ^ "Suzuki confronts environment minister over green plan". April 27, 2007. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  110. ^ Mike de Souza, "Harper to ignore motion on reconfirming Kyoto", National Post, February 6, 2007, pg. A5.
  111. ^ Jennifer Ditchburn, "Opposition parties rewrite environmental bill", Edmonton Journal, March 30, 2007, pg. A6.
  112. ^ a b Mike De Souza, "Kyoto targets left out of Tories' clean air law", Calgary Herald, April 24, 2007, D3.
  113. ^ a b Steven Chase, "Ottawa rolls out ‘validators' to bolster anti-Kyoto stand", Globe and Mail, April 19, 2007, A1.
  114. ^ Allan Woods, "Kyoto study raises alarm; Tories' dire economic warnings about swift emissions cuts dismissed by opposition as 'shock and awe' communications", Toronto Star, April 20, 2007, A8.
  115. ^ UN report contradicts Baird claim that Kyoto equals economic devastation[usurped], Canadian Press, May 5, 2007.
  116. ^ Kevin Dougherty and Mike de Souza, "Chirac calls for 'new industrial revolution'", Montreal Gazette, February 3, 2007, A4.
  117. ^ "Baird's 'real' emissions plan misses Kyoto deadline by years". April 26, 2007. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  118. ^ "Baird unveils industry emissions cuts timetable". CTV News. December 12, 2007. Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  119. ^ Stevenson, James (April 27, 2007). "Oilpatch calls regulations most stringent on plant". Edmonton Journal. Calgary, Alberta. The Canadian Press. p. A2. Retrieved December 29, 2023 – via
  120. ^ Paul Vieira and Claudia Cattaneo, "We can live with targets, business says", National Post, April 27, 2007, pg. A1.
  121. ^ Ian Urquhart, "McGuinty mildly critical of federal green plan" Archived September 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, [opinion column], Toronto Star, April 30, 2007. Urquhart drew attention to the different approaches taken by McGuinty and his brother, federal MP David McGuinty.
  122. ^ Michael Oliveira, "Tory green plan is a 'sham,' angry Suzuki tells minister", Hamilton Spectator, April 28, 2007, pg. A5.
  123. ^ Kevin Donovan, "Gore calls green plan a 'fraud'", Toronto Star, April 29, 2007, pg. A2.
  124. ^ Andrew Thomson, "Green plan 'a total fraud': Gore; Criticism prompts Baird to attack former VP's own climate record", Ottawa Citizen, April 29, 2007, pg. A4.
    Baird and Gore were involved in a dispute in February 2007. During a parliamentary debate, Baird defended his government's environmental record by quoting Gore as saying that Canada was "showing moral authority to the rest of the world" in its policies on climate change. Gore responded that his comments were made to encourage the Harper government to participate in the Kyoto process, and said that Baird had "mischaracterized" his words by presenting them out of context. Baird has said that his comments were not misrepresentation.
    See "Al Gore says Canada's Tories misrepresented him", Associated Press Newswires, February 12, 2007
    Gloria Galloway, "Tories twisted my words, Gore says", Globe and Mail, February 13, 2007
    Maria Babbage, "Federal environment minister says he didn't misrepresent Al Gore", Canadian Press, February 14, 2007.
  125. ^ "Tories won't dismiss Kyoto compliance law". CTV News. June 25, 2007. Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  126. ^ "No 'poisoned pills' in throne speech: Ignatieff" Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, CBC News, October 17, 2007; retrieved 2014-04-12.
  127. ^ "Tories announce new funding for clean energy". CTV News. January 17, 2007. Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  128. ^ Allan Woods, "Tories push $1.5B in green initiatives", Toronto Star, January 20, 2007, pg. A4.
  129. ^ Alex Dobrota, "Ministers announce clean-energy research", Globe and Mail, January 18, 2007, A4.
  130. ^ Philip Authier and Mike De Souza, "Harper launches $1.5B green fund for provinces", Ottawa Citizen, February 13, 2007, pg. A3.
  131. ^ Frances Russell, "Mask slips off Tories' so-called shift to the centre", Winnipeg Free Press, February 14, 2007, pg. A13.
  132. ^ Bill Curry and Gloria Galloway, "Baird wants ban or limits on carbon market", Globe and Mail, March 23, 2007, pg. A7.
  133. ^ Margaret Munro, "Time for a talk, climate scientist tells Baird", Edmonton Journal, April 10, 2007, pg. A8.
  134. ^ Mike de Souza, "Ottawa neglecting science on global warming: experts", Montreal Gazette, April 11, 2007, pg. A15.
  135. ^ Mike De Souza, "Tories won't charge carbon tax, Baird says", Ottawa Citizen, February 9, 2007, pg. A5.
  136. ^ "No carbon tax, international carbon trading, Baird says" Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, CBC News, February 8, 2007; retrieved 2014-04-12.
  137. ^ Baird announces $85.9-million for climate change Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Canadian Press, December 10, 2007.
  138. ^ "Globe: Canada climate hypocrite; "most uncooperative" nation at Bali". December 10, 2007. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  139. ^ York, Geoffrey (December 15, 2007). "Isolated Canada grudgingly accepts Bali deal". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  140. ^ "Baird accused of ducking meeting". December 11, 2007. Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  141. ^ "Mutiny on the Conservative boat?". November 30, 2008. Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  142. ^ Johnston, Matthew (November 30, 2008). "The Shotgun: The knives are out for Harper as Conservative partisans launch Draft John Baird campaign. Even you, Prentice?". Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  143. ^ Mohammed Adam, "What makes John Baird tick?" in Ottawa Citizen, April 25, 2011, pg. A2.
  144. ^ a b Blomme, Brian. "Canada sweeps up three fossil awards at the Cancun climate conference". Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  145. ^ Murphy, Jessica (November 7, 2011). "Gaza flotilla organizers call on Baird to resign". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
  146. ^ Martin, Patrick (February 3, 2012). "Baird sticks to party line – Israel's Likud party". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  147. ^ "Canada closes embassy in Iran, to expel Iranian diplomats". Reuters. September 7, 2012. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  148. ^ "The Khaleej Times — Abdullah bin Zayed and John Baird sign agreement". The Khaleej Times. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  149. ^ a b "Women's group slams Baird over anti-gay laws stance". CBC News. August 8, 2013. Archived from the original on January 6, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  150. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (December 24, 2014). "Canada on sidelines as UN arms treaty comes into effect". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  151. ^ "John Baird makes surprise appearance at Canada House re-opening". CBC News. February 19, 2015. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  152. ^ Eurasia Group
  153. ^ "John Baird snags yet another job". Toronto Star. June 24, 2015. Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  154. ^ "Barrick Gold hires John Baird, Newt Gingrich". Globe & Mail. March 27, 2015. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  155. ^ Hopper, Tristin (August 14, 2018). "'This has not been a good hour for Canada': John Baird slams Trudeau government on Saudi state TV". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on August 14, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  156. ^ Angus, Charlie (August 16, 2018). "The ethics of John Baird's Saudi intervention". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  157. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  158. ^ "Candidate Campaign Returns : Search for Candidates". Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
Legislative Assembly of Ontario Preceded byHans Daigeler Member of Provincial Parliamentfor Nepean 1995–1999 Constituency abolished New constituency Member of Provincial Parliamentfor Nepean—Carleton 1999–2005 Succeeded byLisa MacLeod Ontario provincial government of Mike Harris Cabinet post (1) Predecessor Office Successor Janet Ecker Minister of Community and Social Services1999–2002 Brenda Elliott* Special Cabinet Responsibilities Predecessor Title Successor Noble Villeneuve Minister responsible for Francophone Affairs1999–2002 Carried over to the Eves Ministry Margaret Marland Ministry of Children and Youth Services2001–2002 Brenda Elliott* Ontario provincial government of Ernie Eves Cabinet post (1) Predecessor Office Successor Chris Stockwell Minister of Energy2002–2003 Dwight Duncan Special Cabinet Responsibilities Predecessor Title Successor Carried over from the Harris Ministry Minister responsible for Francophone Affairs2002–2003 Madeleine Meilleur Special Parliamentary Responsibilities Predecessor Title Successor Gary Stewart Chief Government Whip2002 Doug Galt Chris Stockwell Leader of the Government in the Ontario Legislature2003 Dwight Duncan Parliament of Canada Preceded byMarlene Catterall Member of Parliamentfor Ottawa West—Nepean 2006–2015 Vacant 28th Ministry – Cabinet of Stephen Harper Cabinet posts (6) Predecessor Office Successor Reg Alcock President of the Treasury Board2006–2007 Vic Toews Rona Ambrose Minister of the Environment2007–2008 Jim Prentice Lawrence Cannon Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities2008–2010 Chuck Strahl Jay Hill Leader of the Government in the House of Commons2010–2011 Peter Van Loan Jim Prentice Minister of the Environment2010–2011 Peter Kent Lawrence Cannon Minister of Foreign Affairs2011–2015 Ed FastActing

*Elliott led a restructured Ministry of Community, Family and Children's Services.

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
John Baird (Canadian politician)
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?