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Joaquín Francisco Pacheco

Joaquín Francisco Pacheco
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
28 March 1847 – 12 September 1847
MonarchIsabella II
Preceded byCarlos Martínez de Irujo
Succeeded byFlorencio García Goyena
Seat b of the Real Academia Española
In office
1847 – 8 October 1865
Preceded bySeat established
Succeeded byJosé Selgas
Personal details
Born
Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez-Calderón

(1808-02-22)22 February 1808
Écija, Spain
Died8 October 1865(1865-10-08) (aged 57)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyModerate Party
Alma materUniversity of Seville
Asunción College

Don Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez-Calderón (22 February 1808 – 8 October 1865) also known as El Pontífice (The Pontiff), was a Spanish politician and writer who served as Prime Minister of Spain in 1847 and held other important offices such as Minister of State. He was also the 3rd Attorney General of Spain.[1][2]

Biography

Early life

On 22 February 1808, Pacheco was born in Écija as son to a notary of the city council. He studied humanities at Asunción College in Córdoba and in 1823 went to the University of Seville, where he studied jurisprudence,[1] obtaining his bachelor’s degree in law in 1829.[2] There developed a lifelong friendship with fellow student, Juan Donoso Cortés. They both frequented the political and literary circles.[1]

Journalism

In 1832, he moved to Madrid working as a lawyer. It was at this time he had literary and journalistic inclinations, founding the newspaper La Abeja in 1834. He used the platform as a way to express views of moderantismo [es].[1] He also collaborated with other newspapers such as El Artista and El Español.[2]

Pacheco portrayed in Los Poetas contemporáneos by Antonio María Esquivel, 1846

In the world of law, with Juan Bravo Murillo, he founded El Boletín de Jurisprudencia y Legislación. In 1844, he held the chair of Constitutional Political Law at the Ateneo de Madrid, previously holding those of Legislation (1836–1838) and Criminal Law (1839–1840).[1]

Political career

Pacheco was a liberal, being a member of the Moderate Party since 1834,[1] and in 1840 declaring before parliament,

There are, gentlemen, needs that come with the times: nothing in the world is permanent. Time is progressive, more so than men: human things are continually running, pulled forward by social progress, and cannot be restrained.[3]

From 1837 to 1858, he held a seat in the Congress of Deputies, representing the Province of Córdoba. In 1858, he was elected senator.[4]

On 28 March 1847, he was appointed prime minister, a position he held for 5 months. His management was limited to retaining office as the Cortes Generales held an opposing majority and he received the animosity of the king consort, Francisco de Asis as well as the royal clique. He returned to the Spanish Government as Minister of State, with Baldomero Espartero in 1854, and Alejandro Mon in 1864.[1]

He served as ambassador to Mexico from 1860 until his expulsion in January 1861. Upon his arrival in Veracruz City, he traveled to Mexico City, at the time occupied by Miguel Miramón, to present his status. He recognized Miramón, lending him prestige. Public opinion was negative towards Pacheco and when the capital returned to federal forces in 1861, he received an order of expulsion, certified by Benito Juárez, from the Secretary of State and Foreign Relations on 12 January.[5]

His excellency the constitutional president ad interim cannot regard you but as one of the enemies of his government for the services you have rendered in favor of the rebel usurpers who have occupied this city for the past three years. For this he orders that you depart from this and the republic without further delay than may be strictly necessary to prepare and make your journey. As all other friendly nations, his excellency the president respects Spain, but your sojourn in the republic cannot longer continue. The consideration which moves his excellency to this resolution is therefore entirely personal.

— Romero Ocampo

He was also ambassador to London (1856), Rome (1854 and 1864), as well as France, prosecutor of the Supreme Court (1843 and 1847), a member of the Royal Spanish Academy, Royal Academy of History, Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts.[1][2] He was elected president of the Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation, as well as the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in 1865, being unable to serve in the latter case.[2][6]

On 8 October 1865, Pacheco died as a part of the 1863–1875 cholera pandemic.[1]

Works

Sources:[1][2]

Poems

  • Catón (1828)
  • A la señora doña... (1831)
  • Oda a la amnistía (1833), a neoclassical poem
  • Una noche (1833)
  • Meditación (1834)

Travel Book

  • Italia (1857)

Theater

  • Alfredo (1835), a romantic drama

History

  • “Historia de las Cortes de 1837” (1839), in Madrid Magazine

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gavilan, Aguilar. "Joaquín Francisco Pacheco: Biographical profile of an Andalusian politician" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Flaquer Montequi, Rafael. "Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez Calderón | Real Academia de la Historia". dbe.rah.es. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  3. ^ FERNÁNDEZ-SEBASTIÁN, JAVIER (2016). "A World in the Making: Discovering the Future in the Hispanic World". Contributions to the History of Concepts. 11 (2): 119. ISSN 1807-9326. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Senado de España: home". www.senado.es (in Spanish). Senate of Spain. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  5. ^ Correspondence relative to the present condition of Mexico, communicated to the House of Representatives. United States Department of State. 1862. pp. 102–108. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Pacheco y Gutiérrez Calderón, Joaquín Francisco (1808-1865). » MCNBiografias.com". www.mcnbiografias.com. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
Political offices Preceded byThe Duke of Sotomayor Prime Minister of Spain 28 March 1847 – 12 September 1847 Succeeded byFlorencio García Goyena Minister of State 28 March 1847 – 31 August 1847 Succeeded byAntonio Caballero Preceded byLuis Mayans Minister of State 30 July 1854 – 29 November 1854 Succeeded byClaudio Antón de Luzuriaga Preceded byLorenzo Arrazola Minister of State 1 March 1864 – 16 September 1864 Succeeded byAlejandro Llorente
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Joaquín Francisco Pacheco
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