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James Farnell

James Farnell
8th Premier of New South Wales
In office
18 December 1877 – 20 December 1878
GovernorSir Hercules Robinson
Preceded byJohn Robertson
Succeeded byHenry Parkes
Personal details
Born
James Squire Farnell

(1825-06-25)25 June 1825
St Leonards, New South Wales
Died21 August 1888(1888-08-21) (aged 63)
Petersham, New South Wales
Spouse
Margaret O'Donnell
(m. 1853)
ChildrenFrank Farnell

James Squire Farnell (25 June 1825 – 21 August 1888) was an Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales.[1] Farnell was a hard-working legislator who gave much study to the land question and also tried hard for some years to pass a bill for the regulation of contagious diseases.[2]

Early years

Farnell was born in St Leonards, New South Wales, son of Thomas Charles Farnell, a brewer, and Mary Ann Farnell, daughter of James Squire,[3] an English Romanichal,[4] who arrived on the First Fleet and may have been Australia's first brewer.[5] He was educated at Parramatta.[3] At a comparatively early age he began travelling with stock and learnt much about his own colony. The California Gold Rush in 1849 led to his visiting America, and he also travelled in New Zealand before finally returning to New South Wales.[2]

Political career

In 1860, Farnell won the by-election for the Legislative Assembly seat of St Leonards,[6] but was defeated at the next election for the seat of Central Cumberland.[7] He was returned at Parramatta in 1864 and held the seat for 10 years.[8] He became Secretary for Lands in the first Parkes ministry from May 1872 to February 1875, and for a short period was also Secretary for Mines. He was defeated for 1874 election for Parramatta,[8] but was returned to parliament election for St Leonards held 11 days later, serving until 1882.[6][1]

From December 1876 until October 1877, Farnell was the chairman of committees, but towards the end of that year he organised a "Third Party", in November carried an amendment to the address in reply by two votes, and the Robertson ministry resigned.[2][1]

Premier

Farnell succeeded in forming a ministry and on 18 December 1877 and took office as the first Australian-born Premier, choosing the portfolio of Secretary for Lands.[1] In October 1878 he brought in a land bill which was defeated on 5 December. Farnell resigned and was succeeded by the third Parkes ministry.[9]

Subsequent career

Farnell was unsuccessful in his candidacy for Parramatta at the 1882 election,[8] but was returned to parliament at the election for New England held 2 weeks later.[10] From 1882 to 1885, he represented New England. When the Stuart ministry was formed in January 1883, Farnell was again Secretary for Lands, and showed much patience and tact in his management of the land bill which became law in 1884. In the succeeding Dibbs ministry formed in October 1885 he was Minister of Justice and representative of the ministry in the Representative of the Government in the Legislative Council, having been appointed to the Legislative Council on the same day, but resigned from the ministry 2 days later.[1] In 1887, he resigned from the Legislative Council to successfully contest Redfern as a Free Trade candidate at the election on 5 February and represented that constituency until his death.[1][11]

He died in Petersham. His wife survived him with 11 children, one of whom, Frank Farnell, was a member of the Legislative Assembly for Central Cumberland at the time of his father's death and later Ryde.[2][12]

Honours

Farnell declined a knighthood.[2]

Farnell was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales, installed on 3 December 1877.[3][13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Mr James Squire Farnell (1825–1888)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Serle, Percival (1949). "Farnell, James Squire (1827–1888)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Goodin, V W E. "Farnell, James Squire (1825–1888)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  4. ^ Acton, T A & Mundy, G (1997). Romani Culture and Gypsy Identity. University of Hertfordshire Press. p. 74. ISBN 9780900458767.
  5. ^ Walsh, G P. "Squire, James (1754–1822)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b Green, Antony. "Elections for St Leonards". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  7. ^ Green, Antony. "1860 Central Cumberland". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c Green, Antony. "Elections for Parramatta". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Part 6 Ministries since 1856" (PDF). NSW Parliamentary Record. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  10. ^ Green, Antony. "Elections for New England". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  11. ^ Green, Antony. "1887 Redfern". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Mr Frank Farnell (1862-1929)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  13. ^ Mennell, Philip (1892). "Farnell, Hon. James Squire" . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.

 

Parliament of New South Wales Political offices Preceded byJohn Robertson Premier of New South Wales 1877 – 1878 Succeeded byHenry Parkes Preceded byBowie Wilson Secretary for Lands 1872 – 1875 Succeeded byThomas Garrett New office Secretary for Mines May – July 1874 Succeeded byRobert Abbott Preceded byEzekiel Baker Secretary for Lands 1877 – 1878 Succeeded byJames Hoskins Preceded byJohn Robertson Secretary for Lands 1883 – 1885 Succeeded byJoseph Abbott Preceded byHenry Cohenas Minister of Justice Minister of JusticeRepresentative of the Governmentin the Legislative Council 7 – 9 October 1885 Succeeded byThomas Slatteryas Minister of Justice Preceded byWilliam Dalleyas Representative of the Government Succeeded byGeorge Thorntonas Representative of the Government New South Wales Legislative Assembly Preceded byEdward Sayers Member for St Leonards May – November 1860 Succeeded byIsaac Shepherd Preceded byJohn Lackey Member for Parramatta 1864 – 1874 With: James Byrnes / Hugh Taylor Succeeded byCharles Byrnes Preceded byWilliam Tunks Member for St Leonards 1874 – 1882 Succeeded byGeorge DibbsBernhardt Holtermann Preceded byHenry Copeland Member for New England 1882 – 1885 With: William Proctor Succeeded byJames Inglis Preceded byArthur RenwickJohn SutherlandThomas Williamson Member for Redfern 1887 – 1888 With: William ScheyWilliam StephenJohn Sutherland Succeeded byJames Howe
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James Farnell
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