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Jadavpur University

Jadavpur University
যাদবপুর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
Jadavpur University Main gate (Gate no. 4)
Inside JU campus
Aurobindo Bhavan
Integrity - a former Fibreglass Sculpture in front of Jadavpur University Central Library which was demolished in a storm
Former names
  • Bengal Technical Institute (1906-1910)
  • Central National Institution (1910-1928)
  • College of Engineering and Technology, Bengal (1928-1955)
MottoTo Know Is To Grow
TypePublic
Established18 July 1906; 117 years ago (1906-07-18)
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
[1]
Budget446.10 crore (US$53 million)
(FY2022–23 est.)[2]
ChancellorGovernor of West Bengal
Vice-ChancellorProf. Bhaskar Gupto (acting)
RegistrarSnehamanju Basu[3]
Academic staff
902 (2023)[4]
Students13,570 (2023)[4]
Undergraduates8,148 (2023)[4]
Postgraduates3,134 (2023)[4]
2,288 (2023)[4]
Location,
India

22°29′59″N 88°22′16″E / 22.49972°N 88.37111°E / 22.49972; 88.37111
Campus
PublicationJadavpur University Press
Websitejadavpuruniversity.in Edit this at Wikidata

Jadavpur University (abbr. JU) is a public state funded research and technology university with its main campus located at Jadavpur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It was established in 1906 as Bengal Technical Institute and was converted into Jadavpur University in 1955.[6] As of 2023 NIRF rankings, Jadavpur University has been ranked 4th among universities, 10th among engineering institutes, and 13th overall in India.[7][8][9] The university has been recognized by UGC as an institute with Potential for Excellence.[10]

History

On 25 July 1906, Bengal Technical Institute was founded by Society for the Promotion of Technical Education at 92, Upper Circular Road. On 7 July 1910, the Society for the Promotion of Technical Education in Bengal was merged with the National Council of Education (NCE).[11] The institute became College of Engineering and Technology, Bengal looked after by NCE.[12][13] After Independence, on 24 December 1955, Jadavpur University was officially established by the Government of West Bengal with the concurrence of the Government of India.[6]

Campuses

Main campus

Jadavpur campus map (as of 2015)
Jadavpur campus map (as of 2015)

Jadavpur University has its main campus located at Jadavpur on 60 Acres area. The campus contains major engineering, arts and science departments.

KP Basu Memorial Hall
Gandhi Bhaban from outside

The main campus have 7 auditoriums: H.L. Roy Auditorium, Triguna Sen Auditorium, K.P. Basu Memorial Hall, Vivekananda Hall, Anita Banerjee Memorial Hall and Gandhi Bhavan. The campus also has an Open Air Theatre with a seating capacity of around 3000.

The playground along with Aurobindo Bhaban in the back

The 6 Acres sports complex have Badminton court, Tennis court, Kabaddi court and playground for other organising sports like cricket and football.

Additionally the university has a six canteens, amenities center, and guest house, cafeteria, health centre, gymnasium, Pwd centre and other facilities like banks, post office, book shops etc.[1]

Salt Lake campus

Jadavpur University has its second campus on 26 Acres area in Bidhannagar (Salt Lake) Sector-III. There are 5 departments in the campus namely Construction Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, Printing Engineering, Information Technology and Power Engineering. The Eastern Regional Offices of the UGC and the Inter-University Consortium for Atomic Energy are also located on this campus.[14]

West Annexe campus at Jadavpur

Erstwhile NIL campus, Jadavpur University

On 1 January 2009, Jadavpur University took over National Instruments Limited, a former PSU under Department of Heavy industries, GOI on a 297 year lease.[15] From 2014, the campus is used as a research hub of the university and known as West Annexe campus.[16] Research institutes like DRDO and CSIR also operate from the campus.[17] A portion of land and building of the campus is leased out to DRDO for long term,[18] which is the 40 percent of the space. At that, the "Jagadish Chandra Bose Centre for Advanced Technology" (JCBCAT) is established by collaboration of JU and DRDO.[15]

The regional centre of "National Afforestaion & Eco-Development Board" is also located in the campus.[19]

New Town campus

Jadavpur University Newtown campus is under construction. State-of-the-art facilities along with laboratories and a convention centre are planned on the 5 acre campus.[5]

Organisation and administration

Affiliated institutes

In addition to being a unitary university, it has other institutes like the J D Birla Institute, and the Institute of Business Management affiliated to it, which operate out of independent campuses.[20] While these institutes have their own independent curriculum as well as examination systems, the final degree is offered by Jadavpur University.

Academics

Departments and schools

As of 2023, Jadavpur University has 37 Departments and 21 Schools of Interdisciplinary Research.[21]

Departments
Faculty Departments
Faculty of Arts
  • Bengali
  • Comparative Literature
  • Economics
  • Education
  • English
  • Film Studies
  • History
  • International Relations
  • Library & Information Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physical Education
  • Sanskrit
  • Sociology
Faculty of Engineering & Technology
  • Architecture
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science & Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering
  • Food Technology & Bio-Chemical Engineering
  • Information Technology
  • Instrumentation and Electronics Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metallurgical & Material Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Power Engineering
  • Printing Engineering
  • Production Engineering
Faculty of Science
  • Chemistry
  • Geography
  • Geological Sciences
  • Instrumentation Science
  • Life science & Bio-technology
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

To facilitate interdisciplinary learning and research in diverse fields, there are a number of schools.

Schools
Faculty Schools
Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Law & Management
  • School Of Advanced Studies in Industrial Pollution Control
  • School Of Automotive Engineering
  • School Of Bio-Science and Engineering
  • School Of Cognitive Science
  • School of Cultural Texts and Records
  • School Of Education Technology
  • School Of Energy Studies
  • School Of Environmental Radiation and Archaeological Sciences
  • School of Environmental Studies
  • School Of Illumination Science, Engineering and Design
  • School Of International Relations and Strategic Studies (SIRSS)
  • School of Languages and Linguistics
  • School Of Laser Science and Engineering
  • School Of Materials Science and Nanotechnology
  • School Of Media Communication & Culture
  • School Of Mobile Computing and Communication
  • School Of Natural Product Studies
  • School Of Nuclear Studies and Application
  • School of Oceanographic Studies
  • School of Water Resource Engineering
  • School of Women's Studies

In March 2011, Indian American scientist Manick Sorcar assisted in the opening of a laser animation lab under the School of Illumination Science, Engineering and Design.[22]

Centre for Studies

To facilitate interdisciplinary learning and higher research in diverse fields, there are nearly fifty Centre for Studies.[23]

Centre for Studies[24]
  • Centre for African Literatures and Cultures
  • Centre for Ambedkar Studies
  • Centre for Canadian Studies
  • Bio Equivalence Centre
  • Centre for African Literatures and Culture
  • Centre for Counselling Services and Studies in Self-Development
  • Centre for Theatre Studies
  • Centre For Advanced Study
  • Centre for Computer-Aided Design
  • Centre for Knowledge Based Systems
  • Centre for Distributed Computing
  • Centre for European Studies
  • Centre for Experiments in Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Centre for Human Settlement Planning
  • Centre for Marxian Studies
  • Centre for Mathematical Biology and Ecology
  • Centre for Medicinal Food and Applied Nutrition
  • Centre for Microprocessor Applications for Training, Education and Research
  • Centre for Plasma Studies
  • Centre for Quality Construction
  • Centre for Quality Management System
  • Centre for Refugee Studies
  • Centre For Rural & Cryogenic Technologies
  • Centre for Sri Aurobindo Studies
  • Centre for Surface Science
  • Centre for The Study of Religion and Society
  • Centre for Translation of Indian Literatures
  • Centre for Victorian Studies
  • Centre of Indology
  • Condensed Matter Physics Research Centre Embedded System in Instrumentation
  • Hariprasanna Biswas Centre for India-China Cultural Studies
  • IC Design and Fabrication Centre
  • IMPACT Centre
  • Latin American Literature & Culture Language Studies
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics Research Centre
  • Rabindra Studies
  • Relativity and Cosmology Research Centre
  • Sir C V RAMAN Centre for Physics and Music
  • Swami Vivekananda Centre for Technical Manpower Development
  • Transportation Studies
  • V. Ravi Chandran Centre for Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Welding Technology Centre
  • Yoga Centre
  • Centre For Disaster Preparedness & Management
  • Adult and Continuing Education & Extension Centre
  • Centre For Digital Library and Documentation

Library

The Central Library at Jadavpur campus occupies 41,500 square feet (3,860 m2) and houses 6,46,296 books, 80,700 bound volumes of journals, and 13000 theses and dissertations, 37,000 items of non-book materials such as reports pamphlets, maps and micro-forms and 1159 print and 1448 online journals. The library also has access to around 3000 online journals more through INFLIBNET and INDEST Consortia. In total, the University Library has access to around 11000 Journals.The library subscribes to 30 databases which include Scopus, Econlit etc. and also about 10000+ E-books (as of 2018). The Salt Lake campus has a library with 65,00 sq. ft. of space.[25]

Recognition and notable works

Science and technology

In the 2022 edition of the '"List of top 2% global scientists'" published by the Stanford University, Jadavpur University has 42 scientists in the list. This is the highest from any university or institute of India.[26]

Two professors from Jadavpur University were involved in a soft-landing project named "RESPOND" for a planetary mission sponsored by Indian Space Research Organisation.[27][28]

Nature Index ranked Jadavpur University in 1st among universities and 19th among all Indian institutes in the field of Physical Science taking into account publications in 82-select high-quality science journals (2020-2021).[26]

Jadavpur University's High Energy Physics Group, Nuclear & Particle Physics Research Centre which comes under Department of Physics has been awarded the status of “Associate Membership” of ALICE – INDIA Collaboration and CERN (European Council for Nuclear Research) - ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) Collaboration and received a grant of Rs. 1.115 crores.[26]

The Global Change Programme at Jadavpur University (GCP-JU) is active at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It has also worked with Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change towards the preparation of NATCOM (National Communication) for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). A joint open energy modelling project was initiated by GCP-JU in collaboration with Indian Institute of Science (Bengaluru), and the Environmental Defense Fund (US). Since 2020, they are also collectively developing a comprehensive energy model and evaluate alternative decarbonization strategies and pathways for future India.[26]

Some major research ventures undertaken by School of Environmental Studies are highlighting the presence of arsenic in groundwater in countries like India and Bangladesh and the development of the first alcohol based car by the School of Automobile Engineering.[29][30]

Industry

Jadavpur University’s Innovation Council (IIC) was established in 2018 to promote innovations and startups in the campus. IIC arranges awareness programmes, seminars and workshops on innovation and entrepreneurship and organises visits to industries and start-ups for the first year students. The University hosted a HULT event. IIC participated in Bengal Global Business Summit (BGBS) 2022, Smart India Hackathon (SIH) 2022. Three alumni members from JU has successfully established their startups by enlisting in startup MSME venture. Four Memorandum of Understandings (MOUs) have been signed with companies like Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers, Haldia Petrochemicals Limited, MCPI Private Limited and Nexgen Plasma Private Limited for student internships. Jadavpur University organised SERB-INAE Hackathon 2022, in which nearly 100 students from all over India participated.[26]

The University also has an Industry-Institute Partnership Cell (IIPC) in which consultancy and testing services are provided to industry, service sectors and other public or private organizations. During 2022-2023, the IIPC generated a revenue of Rs 13.5 crores. Up to 2023, the IIPC has worked with around 161 leading industries or organisations. They include organisations like Tata Steel, RITES, Airport Authority of India, Kolkata Port Trust, Bajaj Electricals, L&T, KMC and KMDA, Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd., CPCB, CESC etc.[26]

National and international rankings

University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2023)[31]701-750
QS (Asia) (2023)[32]182
Times (World) (2023)[33]1001-1200
Times (Asia) (2022)[34]251–300
Times (Emerging) (2022)[35]251–300
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2023)[9]13
NIRF (Research) (2023)[36]19
NIRF (Universities) (2023)[7]4
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[37]3
Engineering – India
NIRF (2023)[8]10
Pharmacy – India
NIRF (2023)[38]18

The rankings of Jadavpur University by various National and International organisations are as follows:

NIRF Ranking comparison and improvements
Ranking 2023 2022 2021
NIRF (Overall) 13[39] 12[40] 14[41]
NIRF (University) 4[42] 4[43] 8[44]
NIRF (Engineering) 10[45] 11[46] 17[47]
NIRF (Research) 19[48] 13[49] [50]
NIRF (Pharmacy) 18 [51] 18[52] -
    • NISTADS: National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS) of CSIR ranked Jadavpur University 4th among the top 50 Universities of the country based on h-index of publication.[1]
  • International:
    • QS World University Rankings: In 2023 QS World ranking, JU was placed in the 4th position among India's state universities. Within the broad discipline of “Arts and Humanities” JU is the only state university to find a place in this ranking with being 3rd in the “English Language and Literature” domain among all Indian institutes. In the first published list of QS Sustainability Ranking 2023, Jadavpur University has been featured as the only state university and one of the 15 Indian institutes.[26]
    • Nature Index: In 2021-2022, The Nature Index ranked Jadavpur University in 19th in Physical Science, 23rd in Chemistry, 11th in Earth and Environmental Science and 24th overall among India’s Higher Education Institutions.[26]
    • Times (THE): Jadavpur University was ranked 47th in the Times Higher Education-Thomson Reuters list of the 100 best universities in the BRICS and Emerging Economies, 2013.[1]
    • URAP: University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) Research Laboratory ranked Jadavpur University 10th in India in its 2012-13 report considering academic indicators.[26]

Notable alumni and faculties

Controversies

2014 Jadavpur University Protests

Students rally against the vice-chancellor during the 2014 Jadavpur University protests

In 2014 a series of protests broke out in response to the alleged molestation of a female student and beating of a male student by 10 other students on 28 August 2014. Her family and ultimately the student body were unsatisfied by the response of the Vice Chancellor to the allegations. Protests began on 10 September.[53] On 16 September students gheraoed several officials in their offices, demanding that the Vice Chancellor make a statement on the status of a fair probe. Police were summoned, and later that night the police allegedly attacked and beat the student demonstrators. 30 to 40 students were injured; some had to be hospitalized. Reaction was nationwide, with supportive protests at multiple other cities including New Delhi, Hyderabad and Bangalore. On 20 September, Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi, who is also the chancellor of the university, met with student representatives and promised to conduct an impartial inquiry.[54] However, students said they will continue to boycott classes until the Vice Chancellor resigns.[53]

On 26 September, a State Government inquiry panel submitted its report, confirming that the female student had indeed been sexually abused on 28 August 2014.[55] On 26 September, police summoned two Jadavpur University students to come to the Lalbazar Police HQ for questioning at 4 pm on Friday. They were arrested at 6 pm. "The arrests were made after evidence was found, prima facie, against the duo. Further investigation is on," said joint CP-crime Pallab Kanti Ghosh.[55] Mr Ghosh also stated, "(Two names) were arrested because we had enough evidence to prove that they were present at the spot and had carried out the crime as alleged in the victim's complaint."[56] The duo were booked under Sections of 354 (assault or use of criminal force on a woman with the intent to outrage her modesty), 342 (wrongful confinement), 323 (voluntarily causing hurt) and 114 (abettor present when offence is committed) of the IPC.[56]

2018 Scrapping Entrance Tests

JU got embroiled in controversy on 4 July 2018, when the executive council announced its decision to scrap entrance tests for six humanities subjects which was met with protests from the Jadavpur University Teacher's Association and the student unions along with other academics and university students due speculations that state education ministry had influenced this decision.[57]

2023 ragging allegations

In August 2023, Swapnadipa Kundu, a 17 year old freshman student studying an Honours course in Bengali fell from the balcony of the second floor of the Jadavpur University Hostel - either by suicide or by murder - after intense ragging. The Kolkata Police arrested several students and alumni who were suspected to have been involved.[58] The incident left a deep impact on the general public, leading to an outcry. Media attention was also given to the need for strengthening security measures within the university, a suggestion that was vehemently opposed by certain sections of Jadavpur University's political circles. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, directed the Higher Education Committee of West Bengal to form a team to investigate the incident. As the student happened to be a minor, the incident was also taken up by the West Bengal Commission for Protection of Child Rights (WBCPCR). Amidst the investigation, Jadavpur University students protested against ragging. Political circles like FAS, DSF, and WTI have opposed and staged protests against corrective measures, such as the installation of CCTV cameras on campus.[59]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Welcome to Jadavpur University website".
  2. ^ http://teqip.jdvu.ac.in/teqipIII/doc/Minutes-EC-090222.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Welcome to Jadavpur University website". www.jaduniv.edu.in.
  4. ^ a b c d e "NIRF 2023" (PDF). Jadavpur University. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 March 2023. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Jadavpur University gets possession of New Town plot to develop fourth campus". The Times of India. 14 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Jadavpur University Establishment" (PDF). ugc.ac.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 March 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  7. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  8. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  9. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  10. ^ https://www.ugc.gov.in/universitydetails/Universities_UPE
  11. ^ "History of NCE, Bengal and Jadavpur University". juaam.com. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  12. ^ "About University | Jadavpur University". jadavpur.remotexs.in. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  13. ^ "जाधवपूर विद्यापीठाचा अहवाल समाधानकारक नाही, विद्यार्थ्याच्या मृत्यूबाबत केंद्र चिंतितः शिक्षणमंत्री - MahaRojgar". 20 August 2023.
  14. ^ "Welcome to Jadavpur University website". www.jaduniv.edu.in.
  15. ^ a b NANDI, SOUMITRA (15 March 2020). "DRDO's research centre to be moved to NIL building soon". www.millenniumpost.in.
  16. ^ https://jadavpuruniversity.in/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/Annual-Report-2021-2022.pdf
  17. ^ "Jadavpur University to develop third campus as research hub". The Times of India. 2 February 2014.
  18. ^ "Portion of National Instruments Ltd land to be given to DRDO". The Economic Times. 11 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Home". RCNAEB.
  20. ^ "Affiliated Institutions". Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  21. ^ http://jadavpuruniversity.in/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/ANNUAL-REPORT-2022-2023.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  22. ^ "Wizard of light brings magic of laser to JU," Archived 26 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Telegraph, 2011
  23. ^ "Centre For Studies". Archived from the original on 7 February 2015.
  24. ^ https://jadavpuruniversity.in/department/centre-for-studies/ [bare URL]
  25. ^ "Welcome to Jadavpur University website".
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i http://jadavpuruniversity.in/wp-content/uploads/2024/01/ANNUAL-REPORT-2022-2023.pdf
  27. ^ "2 Jadavpur University professors involved in Isro's Chandrayaan-3 soft landing". India Today. 28 August 2023.
  28. ^ https://www.anandabazar.com/west-bengal/jadavpur-university-is-playing-an-important-role-in-the-moon-landing-project-by-isro/cid/1382203
  29. ^ "Jadavpur University". Archived from the original on 17 October 2014.
  30. ^ School Of Cultural Texts and Records Archived 13 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine jaduniv.edu.in. Retrieved 5 August 2012
  31. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 June 2022.
  32. ^ "QS Asia University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 November 2022.
  33. ^ "World University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  34. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  35. ^ "Emerging Economies University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  36. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Research)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  37. ^ "Top 75 Universities In India In 2020". Outlook India. 8 October 2020. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  38. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Pharmacy)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  39. ^ "MoE, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)".
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  53. ^ a b "Jadavpur University boycott to continue despite inquiry". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  54. ^ "30,000 march in rain to seek Jadavpur VC's scalp". The Times of India. 21 September 2014. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  55. ^ a b "2 Jadavpur University students held after govt panel finds molest evidence". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  56. ^ a b "Molest cuffs on two JU students". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  57. ^ "Jadavpur University V-C Fails to Cut Ice With Students on Day 4 of Hunger Strike, Girl Taken to Hospital". News18. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  58. ^ "Fresher Death Ex-student Arrested". Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  59. ^ "Jadavpur Students protest against Ragging". Telegraph India. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
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