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Ivan Tyulenev

Ivan Vladimirovich Tyulenev
Ива́н Влади́мирович Тюле́нев
Born28 January 1892
Shatrashany, Simbirsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died15 August 1978(1978-08-15) (aged 86)
Moscow, Soviet Union
AllegianceRussia Russian Empire (1913–1917)
 Soviet Russia (1917–1922)
 Soviet Union (1922–1958)
Service/branchRussian EmpireImperial Russian Army
Red Army
Years of service1913–1958
RankGeneral of the Army (USSR)
Commands held12th Army
Southern Front
28th Army
Transcaucasian Military District
Transcaucasian Front.
Battles/warsWorld War I
Russian Civil War
Polish Soviet War
World War II
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union
Order of St George
Order of Lenin (4 times)
Order of the October Revolution
Order of the Red Banner (5 times)
Order of Kutuzov (1st Class)
Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR

Ivan Vladimirovich Tyulenev (Russian: Ива́н Влади́мирович Тюле́нев; 28 January 1892[1] – 15 August 1978[2]) was a Soviet military commander, one of the first to be promoted to the rank of General of the Army in 1940.

Biography

Tyulenvev was born into a soldier's family in the Simbirsk Governorate (now Ulyanovsk Oblast) settlement of Shatrashany.[1] He worked in factories and as a Caspian Sea fisherman before being drafted into the Imperial Russian Army in 1913. During World War I he fought with the Kargopolsky dragoons in Congress Poland[3][4] and was awarded the Order of St George for his courage.[5]

Tyulenvev joined the Red Army after the revolution and served during the Russian Civil War with the 1st Cavalry Army. In 1918 he joined the Bolshevik Party. He also took part in suppressing the Kronstadt Rebellion and in the Polish Soviet War. In 1939 he commanded the 12th Army during the Soviet invasion of Poland.[6] He was promoted to General of the Army in 1940.

At the outbreak of the German-Soviet War in June 1941, he was in charge of the Moscow Military District.[7] In the first three months of the war, Tyulenev commanded the Southern Front. During the rest of the war, he was in command of the Transcaucasian Military District and Transcaucasian Front. Tyulenev was the author of several books of reminiscences, including Soviet Cavalry Fighting for the Fatherland (1957) and Through Three Wars (1972).

Honours and awards

Russian Empire
  • Medal of St. George, 4th class (Order of the 5th Regiment of the Kargopol, 3 August 1915; No. 118, § 1)
  • Cross of St. George, 3rd class (Order of the 5th Regiment of the Kargopol, 10 November 1915; No. 156, § 3), 2nd class (Order of the 5th Regiment of the Kargopol, 26 June 1916; No. 119 + § 6), 4th class (Order of the 5th Regiment of the Kargopol,9 July 1916; No. 126 + § 6), 1st class (Order of the 5th Regiment of the Kargopol, 5 February 1917; No. 20 + § 6)
Soviet Union
Foreign awards
  • Order of the Red Banner (Mongolia)
  • Order "25 years of Ethiopia" (Ethiopia)
  • Order "25 years of victory over fascism" (Belgium)
  • Medal "30 Years of Victory in the Halkin-Gol" (Mongolia)
  • Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Revolution" (Mongolia)
  • Medal "The Sino-Soviet friendship" (China)
  • Antifascist medal (East Germany)
  • Medal "For the strengthening of friendship in arms," 1st class (Czechoslovakia)
  • Medal "Garibaldi" (Italy)
  • Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Army" (Mongolia)
  • Gold Medal "for the strengthening of friendship in arms" (Czechoslovakia)

References

  1. ^ a b Лобов, Владимир Иванович; Рунов, Валентин Александрович (2010). Военная элита России: советский период, 1917-1991. энциклопедический справочник (in Russian). Вече. p. 155. ISBN 978-5-9533-4639-9. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  2. ^ "Тюленев Иван Владимирович". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  3. ^ Dobrovolet͡s (in Russian). Voenno-istoricheskiĭ klub "Dobrovolet͡s--XX vek". 2004. p. 44. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  4. ^ Voennai͡a bylʹ (in Russian). Voennai͡a bylʹ. 1993. p. 5. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  5. ^ Durov, Valeriĭ (1997). Русские награды XVIII-начала XX в (in Russian). Просвещение. p. 157. ISBN 978-5-09-006711-9. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  6. ^ Великая Отечественная: 1941-1945. Действующая армия (in Russian). Кучково Поле. 2005. p. 355. ISBN 978-5-86090-114-8. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
  7. ^ "Генерал армии Иван Владимирович Тюленев : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации". 29 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-06-29. Retrieved 24 May 2024.
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Ivan Tyulenev
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