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Iridosornis

Iridosornis
Golden-crowned tanager (I. rufivertex)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Iridosornis
Lesson, 1844
Type species
Arremon rufivertex
Species

See text

Iridosornis is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae

These birds live in the Andes mostly at high altitudes. Their plumage is mainly blue and all of them have contrasting patches of yellow.[1]

Taxonomy and species list

The genus Iridosornis was introduced in 1844 by the French naturalist René Lesson with the golden-crowned tanager as the type species.[2][3] The name combines the Ancient Greek iris meaning "rainbow" with ornis meaning "bird".[4] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2014 found that this genus had a sister relationship to the vermilion tanager which is placed in its own monospecific genus Calochaetes.[5]

The genus contains five species:[6]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Iridosornis porphyrocephalus Purplish-mantled tanager Colombia and Ecuador
Iridosornis analis Yellow-throated tanager Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Iridosornis jelskii Golden-collared tanager Bolivia and Peru
Iridosornis rufivertex Golden-crowned tanager Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Iridosornis reinhardti Yellow-scarfed tanager Peru

References

  1. ^ Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Birds of South America: Passerines. Helm Field Guides. London: Christopher Helm. p. 605. ISBN 978-1-408-11342-4.
  2. ^ Lesson, René (1844). "Catalogue des oiseaux nouveaux ou peu connus de la collection Abeillé". L'Echo du Monde Savant (in French). Part 2. Col. 80.
  3. ^ Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 336.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. ^ Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006. PMID 24583021.
  6. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
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Iridosornis
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