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Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
Innovation, Sciences et Développement économique Canada
Department overview
Formed1892 (as Department of Trade and Commerce)
1993 (as Industry Canada)
TypeDepartment responsible for
  • economic development and innovation;
  • market regulation and competition;
  • research and development;
  • intellectual property and copyright administration and arbitration; and more
HeadquartersC.D. Howe Building, 235 Queen Street, Ottawa, ON
Employees4,802 (2016–17)[1]
Annual budgetC$ 4.9 billion (2015)[2]
Ministers responsible
Department executive
Child agencies
Key document

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED; French: Innovation, Sciences et Développement économique Canada; ISDE)[NB 1] is a department of the Government of Canada. ISED is responsible for a number of the federal government's functions in regulating industry and commerce, promoting science and innovation, and supporting economic development. The department was known as Industry Canada (IC) prior to 2015.

The department is led by the minister of innovation, science and industry (currently François-Philippe Champagne), who also serves as the registrar general of Canada and is responsible for the department to Parliament. Several other ministerial portfolios are associated with the department.[4] While the minister is head of the department, and provides policy/political direction, the day-to-day operations of the department are managed by the deputy minister, who is a public servant. The department headquarters are located at the C.D. Howe Building at 235 Queen Street in Ottawa, Ontario.


The Department of Trade and Commerce was created in statute on 23 June 1887 and proclaimed into force on 3 December 1892. In 1969, the department was replaced by the Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce, which itself was replaced in 1990 by Industry, Science and Technology. This new department also absorbed the offices of Minister of Regional Industrial Expansion and Minister of State for Science and Technology, marking the inclusion of regional approaches and scientific emphasis in the development of Canadian industries. In 1993, the department expanded its portfolio further to include Consumer and Corporate Affairs.[5] In March 1995, the department was renamed Industry Canada.

Upon the November 2015 installation of the 29th Canadian Ministry led by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, the position Minister of Industry was renamed Minister of Innovation, Science, and Economic Development. Subsequently, applied title under the Federal Identity Program was changed from Industry Canada to Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.[6][7]

Sparks Street Entrance
The C.D. Howe Building, home to many Industry Canada offices

Officials and structure

The department at large is headed by the minister of innovation, science and industry, François-Philippe Champagne.[4]

Four portfolios of ISED are designated to other ministers, however:[4]


ISED oversees 17 departments and agencies and is associated with an additional 4 organizations. Each of these organizations are related to one or more of the four focus areas of ISED: innovation in science and technology, trade and investment, growing small and medium-sized enterprises, and economic growth of Canadian communities.[8]

Measurement Canada and the Canadian Intellectual Property Office are special operating agencies of ISED. Communications Research Centre Canada is a research institute that provides technical advice and support to ISED's Spectrum and Telecommunications Sector,[9]

In addition to Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, the ministerial portfolio includes:[8]

ISED is associated with the following organizations:[8]

Related legislation

The departmental legislation for ISED is the Department of Industry Act,[10] which states that the minister's objective is to use their role in order to "strengthen the national economy and promote sustainable development."[11] The Act also outlines a number of supporting objectives. The minister must also use their position to support domestic trade and support a healthy marketplace through investment and technology.[11]

As of 2021, ISED is responsible for various legislation, especially those related to economic development, including:[12]

  • Intellectual property legislation:
  • Registrar General functions
    • Public Documents Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. P-28
    • Public Officers Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. P-31
    • Seals Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-6
    • Trade Unions Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. T-14
  • Other legislation:
    • Agricultural and Rural Development Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. A-3
    • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 41 (4th Supp.)
    • Atlantic Fisheries Restructuring Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. A-14 (in respect of certain companies)
    • Bell Canada Act, S.C. 1987, c. 19
    • Corporations Returns Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-43
    • Employment Support Act, S.C. 1970-71-72, c. 56
    • Industrial and Regional Development Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-8 (except in relation to certain provinces)
    • Pension Fund Societies Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. P-8
    • Regional Development Incentives Act, R.S.C. 1970, c. R-38)
    • Small Business Investment Grants Act, S.C. 1980-81-82-83, c. 147
    • Special Areas Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-14 (Ontario)

Certifications and approvals

  • Technical Acceptance Certificate (TAC) for Category I radio and broadcasting equipment.[13]

See also


  1. ^ "GC InfoBase". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  2. ^ "Public Accounts of Canada 2015 Volume II Section 16 – Industry Ministry summary". Government of Canada. 2015. Retrieved 21 Feb 2017.
  3. ^ Government of Canada, Innovation (Apr 25, 2005). "Competition Bureau Canada - Home". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Government of Canada, Innovation (2007-08-16). "Our ministers - Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada". Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  5. ^ "Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2015).Ministers.". Archived from the original on Jan 8, 2019. Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  6. ^ "Trudeau government renames key departments". CTV News. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  7. ^ "What happened to Industry Canada? Trudeau elevates scientific research in new cabinet role". Financial Post. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Government of Canada, Innovation (Sep 17, 2008). "Innovation, Science and Economic Development portfolio - Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  9. ^ Government of Canada, Innovation. "About CRC - Communications Research Centre Canada". Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  10. ^ Branch, Legislative Services (Jun 17, 2019). "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Department of Industry Act". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Branch, Legislative Services (Jun 17, 2019). "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Department of Industry Act". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  12. ^ Government of Canada, Innovation. "List of acts - Acts and regulations". Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
  13. ^ Certification of Radio Apparatus and Electronic Equipment in Canada


  1. ^ Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada is the applied title under the Federal Identity Program; the legal title is Department of Industry (French: Ministère de l’Industrie).
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Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
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