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Indian Psychiatric Society

Indian Psychiatric Society
AbbreviationIPS
PredecessorIndian Division of Royal Medico Psychological Association
FormationJanuary 7, 1947; 77 years ago (1947-01-07)
TypeProfessional Association
Professional title
Psychiatrist
HeadquartersGurgaon, Haryana, India
Region served
India
Fields
President
Dr Vinay Kumar
Vice President
Dr Laxmi Kant Rathi
General Secretary
Dr Arabinda Brahma
Treasurer
Dr M. Aleem Siddiqui
Main organ
Indian Journal of Psychiatry
AffiliationsWorld Psychiatric Association, World Federation for Mental Health
WebsiteOfficial website

The Indian Psychiatric Society (IPS) is the oldest professional association of psychiatrists in India. Founded during the 34th Indian Science Congress, IPS replaced the Indian division of the Royal Medico-Psychological Association. [1]

Dr Vinay Kumar is the President of the Indian Psychiatric Society.[2] Deepika Padukone is the brand ambassador.[3]

Founding

In 1929, Col. Berkeley Hill founded the Indian Association for Mental Hygiene, affiliated with the National Council for Mental Health Hygiene in Great Britain. The Association ceased to function after yew years.[1]

Later, Dr Banarasi Das campaigned for the Indian division of the Royal Medico-Psychological Association. The division was formed in 1939 and functioned till 1947.[1]

On 7th January 1947, during the 34th Indian Science Congress, the founding members decided to dissolve the Indian division of the Royal Medico-Psychological Association and establish the Indian Psychiatric Society.[1] Ajita Chakraborty was elected president of the society in 1976,[4] thereby becoming the first woman to serve as president of the society.[5]

Objectives

Indian Psychiatric Society aims to promote and advance the field of Psychiatry. The Society promotes research in the field of psychiatry and mental health. It formulates and advises on the standard of education and training for those involved in psychiatry and mental health.[6]

The Society promotes the prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders and improves the general mental health of people. It raises awareness about mental health, including mental health matters concerning the Country. The society safeguards the interest of psychiatrists and fellow professionals in India.[6]

Organisations

No. Zones States
1 Central Zone Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
2 Eastern Zone Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Sikkim and Tripura
3 Northern Zone Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab and Rajasthan
4 South Zone Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry,Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
5 Western Zone Goa, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Publication

Indian Journal of Psychiatry

On behalf of the Indian Psychiatric Society, Medknow Publications publishes a monthly peer-reviewed open-access medical journal Indian Journal of Psychiatry. The current editor of the journal is Dr Om Prakash Singh.

Eastern Journal of Psychiatry

Eastern Journal of Psychiatry is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the East Zone of the Indian Psychiatric Society.[7]

Indian Journal of Behavioral Sciences

Indian Journal of Behavioral Sciences is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the Central Zone of the Indian Psychiatric Society.[7]

Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the South Zone of the Indian Psychiatric Society.[7]

Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour

Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the North Zone of the Indian Psychiatric Society.[7]

Positions

LGBTQA

Rebuttal of Former President

On 19 January 2014, Dr Indira Sharma, the former President of the Indian Psychiatric Society, expressed her opinion that homosexuality is unnatural. The Times of India reported that towards the end of her term as the President, Dr Indira Sharma voiced similar views in an Indian Psychiatric Society panel discussing the re-criminalisation of homosexuality in India.[8]

President Dr T V Asokan and General Secretary Dr N N Raju issued a joint statement clarifying the official position of the Society that homosexuality is not a psychiatric disorder. The joint statement pointed out the lack of evidence to support the view that homosexuality is unnatural.[9][10]

Support for Decriminalisation

As the Supreme Court of India was hearing a case about decriminalising homosexuality, the Indian Psychiatric Society issued a statement supporting the decriminalisation on 2nd July 2018.

The Society pointed out that American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1973. The World Health Organization removed homosexuality from the International Classification of Diseases in 1992. The Society stated that homosexuality is a natural variation of human sexuality. The Society pointed out the lack of scientific evidence to support conversion therapy and the evidence that conversion therapy leads to stigmatisation and low-self esteem.[11]

Opposition to Conversion Therapy

On 11th June 2020, pointing to the 2nd July 2018 Positional Statement, the Indian Psychiatric Society reiterated that homosexuality is not a psychiatric disorder. Conversion Therapies are based on the erroneous premise that sexual orientations are diseases. The Society pointed out the lack of evidence to support the efficiency of the Conversion Therapies. The statement disapproved of the Conversion Therapies and urged mental health professionals to refrain from providing such services.[12]

Support for Marriage Equality

As the Supreme Court of India was hearing cases on marriage equality, the Indian Psychiatric Society issued a statement supporting marriage equality on 9th April 2023. The Society reiterated that LGBTQA identities are natural variations within the range of human sexuality. Stating that there is no evidence to support the exclusion of LGBTQA people from marriage, the Society cautioned that discrimination leads to mental health issues.[13][14]

Support for Same-sex Adoption

As the Supreme Court of India was hearing cases on same-sex adoptions, the Indian Psychiatric Society issued a statement supporting adoption rights for LGBTQA people on 9th April 2023. The Society acknowledged that the children of same-sex parents might experience discrimination and stigma and urged the sensitise families, schools and communities to prevent stigma and discrimination.[13][14]

Controversy

Dr Indira Sharma

Early Marriage to curb Sexual Crimes

During her term as the President of the Indian Psychiatric Society, Dr Indira Sharma suggested early marriage as a way to curb sexual crimes. The statement caused Indian psychiatrists to oppose her view. The members raised concerns about uploading her speech on the Society's official website, as required by the rules. Dr T S Sathyanarayana Rao, the editor of the Indian Journal of Psychiatry, suggested that the Society examine a written article supporting her claims before uploading her speech. Dr Indira Sharma insisted the difference of opinion should be respected.[15]

Homosexuality is Unnatural

In the days following the end of Dr Indira Sharma's term as the president of the Indian Psychiatric Society, the Times of India interviewed her about the views she expressed during the panel discussion on the decision of the Supreme Court to overturn the ruling of Delhi High Court and re-criminalise homosexuality. She confirmed the reports that she believes homosexuality is unnatural. Following her interview, the current President and General Secretary of the Society issued a joint statement clarifying the official position of the Society. The Statement said there is no evidence to support the claims that homosexuality is a psychiatric disorder.[8][9][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "A Brief History of IPS". indianpsychiatricsociety.org. Archived from the original on 8 April 2023.
  2. ^ "Home". indianpsychiatricsociety.org.
  3. ^ "Deepika Padukone named Indian Psychiatric Society's brand ambassador". The Times of India. 25 August 2016. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  4. ^ Bhattacharyya, Ranjan (2018). "The development of mental hospitals in West Bengal: A brief history and changing trends". Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 60 (6): S198–S202. doi:10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_432_17. ISSN 0019-5545. PMC 5836338. PMID 29527048.
  5. ^ Ghosal, Malay Kumar (2015). "Professor Ajita Chakraborty". Bengal Journal of Psychiatry: 40–41. doi:10.51332/bjp.2015.v20.i1.48. ISSN 2348-9227.
  6. ^ a b "Objectives". indianpsychiatricsociety.org. Archived from the original on 8 April 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d "Organization". indianpsychiatricsociety.org.
  8. ^ a b "Homosexuality is unnatural, leading psychiatrist says". The Times of India. 21 January 2014. ISSN 0971-8257. Archived from the original on 23 January 2014.
  9. ^ a b Iyer, Malathy (2 February 2014). "Homosexuality is not a disease, psychiatrists say". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Archived from the original on 7 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b First Post Staff (7 February 2014). "Homosexuality not mental illness, disease: Indian Psychiatric Society-India News". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022.
  11. ^ Special Correspondent (12 July 2018). "Homosexuality not an illness: Indian Psychiatric Society". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X.
  12. ^ "IPS Position Statement Regarding LGBTQ | Indian Psychiatric Society". indianpsychiatricsociety.org. Archived from the original on 2020-09-06. Retrieved 2023-04-05.
  13. ^ a b Indian Psychiatric Society (3 April 2023), Position Statement of Indian Psychiatric Society regarding LGBTQA, IPS/HGS/22-24/1007 (LGBTQA), Gurgaon, India: Indian Psychiatric Society, archived from the original on 11 April 2023
  14. ^ a b Pal, Somita (9 April 2023). "Psychiatrists issue statement supporting same-sex marriage ahead of SC hearing". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 9 April 2023.
  15. ^ Iyer, Malathy (9 February 2013). "Early marriage curbs crimes, Indian Psychiatric Society chief says". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Archived from the original on 10 April 2023.
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Indian Psychiatric Society
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