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Ibn Taghribirdi

Ibn Taghribirdi
BornJamal al-Din Ibn Yusuf
(1411-02-02)2 February 1411
Cairo, Mamluk Sultanate
(modern-day Egypt)
Died5 June 1470(1470-06-05) (aged 59)
Cairo, Mamluk Sultanate
Resting placeCairo, Egypt
OccupationHistorian
Years activecirca 1435–1470
Notable worksAl-Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira
النجوم الزاھرۃ فی ملوک مصر والقاھرۃ

Jamal al-Din Yusuf bin al-Amir Sayf al-Din Taghribirdi (Arabic: جمال الدين يوسف بن الأمير سيف الدين تغري بردي), or Abū al-Maḥāsin Yūsuf ibn Taghrī-Birdī, or Ibn Taghribirdi[1] (2 February 1411— 5 June 1470; 813–874 Hijri) was an Islamic historian born in the 15th century in Mamluk Egypt. He studied under al-Ayni and al-Maqrizi, two of the leading Cairene historians and scholars of the day.[2]

Ibn Taghribirdi's most famous work is a multi-volume chronicle of Egypt and the Mamluk sultanate called al-Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira. His style is annalistic and gives precise dates for most events; this format makes it clear that Ibn Taghribirdi had privileged access to the sultans and their records. The name "Taghribirdi" is cognate to modern Turkish "Tanrıverdi" and means god-given in Turkic languages.

Works

  • Al-Nujūm al-Zāhirah fī Mulūk Miṣr wa-al-Qāhirah (النجوم الزاهرة في ملوك مصر والقاهرة). Chronicle of period from the Islamic conquest of Egypt in 641 to 1468.[3][4]
    • Edited by William Popper. 12. vols. Cairo, Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣrīyah, 1929–56.
    • Miṣr al-Jadīdah, al-Qāhirah, al-Maktab al-ʻArabī lil-Maʻārif (Arabic: المكتب العربي للمعارف) , 2017.
  • al-Manhal al-ṣāfī wa-al-mustawfá baʻda al-wāfī (المنهل الصافي والمستوفي بعد الوافي); 13-vol. biographical dictionary with approx. 3000 entries celebrating the lives of sultans,[5] princes (amirs), scholars and scientists (ulama), dignitaries, and entertainers, from the Bahri dynasty and later.[6]
  • Ḥawādith al-duhūr fī madá al-ayyām wa-al-shuhūr (حوادث الدهور في مدى الأيام والشهور); Egypt history 1250–1517 continues al-Maqrizi's Suluk li-ma'rifat duwwal al-muluk.[7]
  • Al-Baḥr al-zākhir fī tārīkh al-ʻālam wa-akhbār al-awāʼil wa-al-awākhir (البحر الزاخر في تاريخ العالم وأخبار الأوائل والأواخر); universal history from creation of Adam (National Library of Paris, No.1551); Iraq MS purchased by Dar al-Kutub, Egypt.
  • Mawrid al-laṭāfah fī man waliya al-salṭanah wa-al-khilāfah (مورد اللطافة في من وليه السلطنة والخلافة); Biographies of the sultans and the caliphs.[8]

Bibliography

  • History of Egypt 1382–1469; transl. from the Arabic Annals of Abu l-Maḥāsin Ibn Taghrī Birdī by William Popper, Berkeley 1954–63.

See also

References

  1. ^ For a more complete list of variations on the spelling and form of his name, see ISNI's listing for him Ibn Taghribirdi: variations.
  2. ^ Massoud, Sami (2007-04-24). The Chronicles and Annalistic Sources of the Early Mamluk Circassian Period. BRILL. ISBN 9789047419792.
  3. ^ "Ibn Taghribirdi Abu Al Mahasin Yusuf 1411 1470 Ce - AbeBooks". www.abebooks.com (in Arabic). Retrieved 2017-11-24.
  4. ^ "Al-Nujūm al-Zāhirah fī Mulūk Miṣr wa-al-Qāhirah". www.archive.org (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  5. ^ Young, M. J. L. (1990-05-16). Religion, Learning and Science in the 'Abbasid Period. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521327633.
  6. ^ Ibn Taghrībirdī (1984). al-Manhal al-ṣāfī wa-al-mustawfá baʻda al-wāfī (in Arabic). Cairo: al-Hayʼah al-Miṣrīyah al-ʻĀmmah lil-Kitāb – via www.archive.org.
  7. ^ Ibn Taghrībirdī (1990). Ḥawādith al-duhūr fī madá al-ayyām wa-al-shuhūr (in Arabic). Beirut: ʻĀlam al-Kutub. p. 613 – via www.archive.org.
  8. ^ Taghrībirdī (Ibn), Abū al-Maḥāsin, Yūsuf (1997). Mawrid al-laṭāfah fī man waliya al-salṭanah wa-al-khilāfah. al-Qāhirah: Maṭbaʻat Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣrīyah. OCLC 39498301.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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Ibn Taghribirdi
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