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List of near threatened plants

45 extinct in the wild plant species (0.1%)5702 critically endangered plant species (8.6%)10901 endangered plant species (16.4%)9673 vulnerable plant species (14.5%)4160 near threatened plant species (6.3%)30554 least concern plant species (45.9%)5371 data deficient plant species (8.1%)
Plant species (IUCN, 2023-1)
  • 66,406 extant species have been evaluated
  • 61,035 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 34,588 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 26,276 are threatened[c]
  • 174 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 129 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 45 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 569 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 48 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Near Threatened (NT) species do not currently qualify for Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU), but are likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, or are already close to qualifying.

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1851 near threatened plant species.[1] 8.5% of all evaluated plant species are listed as near threatened. The IUCN also lists 51 subspecies and 73 varieties as near threatened. No subpopulations of plants have been evaluated by the IUCN.

This is a complete list of near threatened plant species, subspecies and varieties evaluated by the IUCN.

Bryophytes

There are two bryophyte species assessed as near threatened.

Mosses

Liverworts

Pteridophytes

There are 25 pteridophyte species assessed as near threatened.

Leptosporangiate ferns

Isoetopsida

Lycopodiopsida

Clubmosses and firmosses

Gymnosperms

There are 168 species, two subspecies, and 29 varieties of gymnosperm assessed as near threatened.

Cycads

Species

Subspecies

  • Cycas maconochiei subsp. maconochiei

Conifers

Species

Subspecies

  • Abies cilicica subsp. cilicica

Varieties

  • Abies delavayi var. nukiangensis, Nukiang fir
  • Abies forrestii var. forrestii
  • Abies forrestii var. smithii
  • Abies guatemalensis var. jaliscana
  • Abies homolepis var. homolepis
  • Amentotaxus argotaenia var. argotaenia
  • Cephalotaxus fortunei var. alpina
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa var. obtusa
  • Cupressus arizonica var. glabra, Smooth Arizona cypress
  • Cupressus lusitanica var. benthamii, Bentham's cypress
  • Juniperus ashei var. ovata
  • Juniperus flaccida var. poblana
  • Juniperus oxycedrus var. transtagana
  • Juniperus pingii var. wilsonii
  • Juniperus recurva var. coxii, Coffin juniper
  • Larix gmelinii var. olgensis, Olga Bay larch
  • Larix griffithii var. speciosa
  • Larix potaninii var. himalaica
  • Papuacedrus papuana var. arfakensis
  • Picea alcoquiana var. alcoquiana
  • Pinus ayacahuite var. veitchii
  • Pinus brutia var. eldarica, Eldarian pine
  • Pinus elliottii var. densa
  • Pinus flexilis var. reflexa
  • Pinus greggii var. greggii
  • Pinus tabuliformis var. umbraculifera
  • Pinus taiwanensis var. fragilissima
  • Podocarpus macrophyllus var. maki
  • Podocarpus madagascariensis var. madagascariensis

Gnetopsida

Dicotyledons

There are 1378 species, 44 subspecies, and 41 varieties of dicotyledon assessed as near threatened.

Piperales

Species

Varieties

  • Piper augustum var. cocleanum

Campanulales

Theales

There are 45 species and two varieties in Theales assessed as near threatened.

Theaceae

Actinidiaceae

Guttiferae

Species

Varieties

  • Clusia havetioides var. havetioides
  • Clusia havetioides var. stenocarpa

Other Theales species

Malvales

Species

Subspecies

  • Elaeocarpus submonoceras subsp. collinus
  • Hibiscus waimeae subsp. waimeae, White kauai hibiscus

Varieties

Lecythidales

Santalales

Species

Varieties

Proteales

Dipsacales

Plumbaginales

  • Aegialitis rotundifolia
  • Armeria rouyana
  • Limonium arborescens
  • Limonium cymuliferum
  • Limonium insulare
  • Limonium mouretii
  • Limonium pseudolaetum

Rubiales

Species

Subspecies

  • Chimarrhis cymosa subsp. jamaicensis

Varieties

  • Psychotria pedunculata var. caudata

Violales

Euphorbiales

There are 52 species and two varieties in Euphorbiales assessed as near threatened.

Buxaceae

Euphorbiaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides
  • Euphorbia celastroides var. hanapepensis

Laurales

There are 40 species, one subspecies, and one variety in the order Laurales assessed as near threatened.

Monimiaceae

Hernandiaceae

Lauraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Apollonias barbujana subsp. barbujana

Varieties

  • Persea alpigena var. harrisii

Cucurbitales

Ebenales

There are 73 species, five subspecies, and one variety in Ebenales assessed as near threatened.

Symplocaceae

Sapotaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Chrysophyllum lucentifolium subsp. lucentifolium
  • Pouteria rigida subsp. rigida
  • Pouteria rigida subsp. tomentosa
  • Sideroxylon capiri subsp. capiri
  • Sideroxylon persimile subsp. subsessiliflorum

Varieties

  • Isonandra perakensis var. perakensis

Ebenaceae

  • Diospyros johorensis
  • Diospyros longiflora
  • Diospyros macrocarpa
  • Diospyros minimifolia
  • Diospyros nur
  • Diospyros seychellarum
  • Diospyros soyauxii
  • Diospyros wajirensis

Styracaceae

Celastrales

There are 45 species, two subspecies, and two varieties in the order Celastrales assessed as near threatened.

Hollies

Species

Subspecies

  • Ilex perado subsp. azorica
  • Ilex perado subsp. perado

Varieties

  • Ilex savannarum var. savannarum
  • Ilex sideroxyloides var. occidentalis

Celastraceae

Dichapetalaceae

Myrtales

There are 80 species and two varieties in the order Myrtales assessed as near threatened.

Myrtaceae

Melastomataceae

Species

Varieties

  • Memecylon acuminatum var. acuminatum

Combretaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Terminalia glabrata var. brownii

Thymelaeaceae

  • Daphnopsis equatorialsis
  • Daphnopsis macrophylla
  • Peddiea kivuensis
  • Thymelaea broteriana

Lythraceae

Onagraceae

Sapindales

There are 113 species, six subspecies, and three varieties in the order Sapindales assessed as near threatened.

Rutaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Esenbeckia pentaphylla subsp. pentaphylla

Varieties

  • Zanthoxylum dipetalum var. dipetalum

Sapindaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Stadmannia oppositifolia subsp. rhodesiaca

Anacardiaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Rhus glutinosa subsp. abyssinica

Varieties

  • Lannea schweinfurthii var. acutifoliolata
  • Lannea welwitschii var. ciliolata

Meliaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Cabralea canjerana subsp. polytricha

Burseraceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Commiphora campestris subsp. campestris

Other Sapindales

Species

Subspecies

  • Kirkia burgeri subsp. somalensis

Asterales

Species

Subspecies

  • Artemisia campestris subsp. bottnica
  • Darwiniothamnus lancifolius subsp. glandulosus

Magnoliales

There are 82 species, eight subspecies, and two varieties in the order Magnoliales assessed as near threatened.

Magnoliaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Magnolia macrophylla var. ashei, Ashe's magnolia

Annonaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Uvaria leptocladon subsp. leptocladon

Myristicaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Horsfieldia subalpina subsp. kinabaluensis
  • Knema kunstleri subsp. alpina
  • Knema pectinata subsp. pectinata
  • Knema rigidifolia subsp. rigidifolia
  • Myristica bifurcata subsp. bifurcata
  • Myristica bifurcata subsp. sulaica
  • Myristica kajewski subsp. kajewski

Varieties

  • Horsfieldia moluccana var. moluccana

Degeneriaceae

  • Degeneria roseiflora

Capparales

Apiales

There are 35 species, one subspecies, and two varieties in the order Apiales assessed as near threatened.

Araliaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Dendropanax nutans var. nutans
  • Dendropanax nutans var. obtusifolius

Umbelliferae

Species

Subspecies

  • Oenanthe pimpinelloides subsp. callosa

Gentianales

Rosales

There are 38 species, three subspecies, and four varieties in the order Rosales assessed as near threatened.

Cunoniaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Weinmannia laurina var. laurina

Rosaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Polylepis tomentella subsp. tomentella
  • Sorbus austriaca subsp. croatica

Varieties

  • Prunus trichamygdalus var. elongata

Other Rosales

Species

Subspecies

  • Brunellia grandiflora subsp. grandiflora

Varieties

  • Brunellia inermis var. inermis
  • Grevea eggelingii var. eggelingii

Primulales

There are 21 species and two varieties in Primulales assessed as near threatened.

Myrsinaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Myrsine grantii var. tobiiensis
  • Myrsine ovalis var. ovalis

Theophrastaceae

  • Clavija longifolia

Primulaceae

  • Anagallis crassifolia
  • Anagallis elegantula
  • Anagallis kochii
  • Lysimachia cousiniana
  • Primula scandinavica

Rhamnales

Urticales

Species

Varieties

  • Dorstenia hildebrandtii var. hildebrandtii

Solanales

There are 20 species and one subspecies in the order Solanales assessed as near threatened.

Solanaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Solanum diversifolium subsp. diversifolium

Convolvulaceae

  • Convolvulus caput-medusae

Menyanthaceae

  • Nymphoides tenuissima

Scrophulariales

There are 48 species, one subspecies, and one variety in the order Scrophulariales assessed as near threatened.

Oleaceae

Species

  • Chionanthus caudifolius
  • Chionanthus filiformis
  • Chionanthus lancifolius
  • Fraxinus sogdiana

Subspecies

  • Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis

Gesneriaceae

Species

Varieties

  • Rhytidophyllum grande var. grande

Acanthaceae

Scrophulariaceae

Other Scrophulariales species

Lamiales

There are 33 species, two subspecies, and one variety in the order Lamiales assessed as near threatened.

Verbenaceae

Labiatae

Species

Subspecies

  • Mentha suaveolens subsp. timija
  • Teucrium eriocephalum subsp. almeriense

Boraginaceae

Species

  • Bourreria baccata
  • Cordia elliptica
  • Cordia obovata
  • Cordia revoluta, Revolute-leafed cordia
  • Cordia rickseckeri
  • Cordia suckertii
  • Myosotis atlantica
  • Myosotis lazica, Lazetian forget-me-not
  • Tournefortia ramosissima
  • Varronia lucayana

Varieties

  • Tournefortia astrotricha var. subglabra

Nepenthales

Species

Subspecies

  • Sarracenia rubra subsp. rubra

Varieties

  • Sarracenia purpurea var. burkii

Dilleniales

  • Dillenia ferruginea
  • Hibbertia altigena
  • Hibbertia comptonii
  • Hibbertia deplancheana
  • Hibbertia ebracteata
  • Hibbertia nana
  • Hibbertia vieillardii

Ranunculales

Ericales

Species

Subspecies

  • Erica scoparia subsp. platycodon

Podostemales

  • Dicraeia dichotoma
  • Indotristicha tirunelveliana
  • Paracladopus chantaburiensis
  • Polypleurum erectum
  • Polypleurum longicaule
  • Polypleurum longifolium

Fabales

Species

Subspecies

  • Craibia brevicaudata subsp. brevicaudata
  • Delonix leucantha subsp. gracilis
  • Leucaena leucocephala subsp. ixtahuacana

Varieties

  • Abarema alexandri var. alexandri
  • Abarema alexandri var. troyana
  • Acacia pachyceras var. najdensis
  • Chloroleucon mangense var. tetrazyx
  • Dalbergia hupeana var. laccifera
  • Hydrochorea marginata var. scheryi

Caryophyllales

There are 90 species in the order Caryophyllales assessed as near threatened.

Caryophyllaceae

  • Arenaria provincialis
  • Dianthus nitidus, Carpathian glossy pink
  • Petrocoptis montsicciana
  • Silene biafrae
  • Silene mariana
  • Silene rothmaleri
  • Silene velutina

Cactus species

Other Caryophyllales species

Fagales

Species

Subspecies

  • Quercus ilex subsp. ballota
  • Quercus petraea subsp. huguetiana

Other dicotyledons

Species

Subspecies

  • Erodium foetidum subsp. foetidum
  • Polygala tenuicaulis subsp. tayloriana

Varieties

  • Davidia involucrata var. involucrata

Monocotyledons

There are 278 species, five subspecies, and three varieties of monocotyledon assessed as near threatened.

Arecales

Species

Varieties

  • Rhopalostylis baueri var. baueri
  • Rhopalostylis baueri var. cheesemanii

Orchidales

Orchidaceae

Pandanales

Bromeliales

Liliales

Species

Subspecies

  • Aloe volkensii subsp. volkensii
  • Veratrum mengtzeanum subsp. phuwae

Arales

There are 21 species in Arales assessed as near threatened.

Araceae

Lemnaceae

  • Lemna yungensis

Zingiberales

Cyperales

There are 45 species, two subspecies, and one variety in Cyperales assessed as near threatened.

Gramineae

Species

Subspecies

  • Agrostis mannii subsp. mannii

Varieties

  • Pentameris pictigluma var. mannii

Cyperaceae

Species

Subspecies

  • Bulbostylis schoenoides subsp. erratica

Other monocotyledons

Species

Subspecies

  • Najas marina subsp. ehrenbergii, Spiny naiad

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Listed by IUCN as Linospadix microcarya.

References

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.


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List of near threatened plants
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