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Coin of Hygiainon
Archon of the Bosporan Kingdom
Reigncirca. 220 BC
PredecessorLeucon II
SuccessorSpartokos V [ru]
Bosporan Kingdom
DiedBosporan Kingdom
ReligionGreek Polytheism

Hygiaenon (Ancient Greek: Ὑγιαίνων, romanizedHygiainon) was an Archon of the Bosporan Kingdom after his predecessor, Leucon II, was slain by his wife Alcathoe in c. 220 BC. Although he was not part of the Spartocid dynasty, he seems to have been a supporter of Camasarye, the heiress and queen of the Bosporan Kingdom. He is said to have been an eminent member of the aristocracy, and backed the unmarried Camasarye, who later married her cousin Paerisades III.[1]

Hygiaenon was archon in the short time that Camasarye was without husband, as Paerisades III was the son of Spartocus IV's brother and did not have a direct claim to the throne. His coinage does not show him with a diadem, but may hint at military success.[2]


  1. ^ Elena Stolyarik. THE REIGN AND CHRONOLOGY OF THE ARCHON HYGIAENON. Leucon of Bosporus. JSTOR 43580389. before her marriage with her cousin Paerisades III, she was supported by an eminent member of the Bosporan aristocracy, Hygiaenon.
  2. ^ Elena Stolyarik. THE REIGN AND CHRONOLOGY OF THE ARCHON HYGIAENON. Leucon of Bosporus. JSTOR 43580389. He was not a member of the royal house and could not use the title BASILEOS, nor could he be depicted with a diadem. But a hint of military glory still exists on his silver coins.
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