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Spanish royal family

The Spanish royal family, a branch of the House of Bourbon, is headed by King Felipe VI, and currently consists of Queen Letizia, their children Leonor, Princess of Asturias and Infanta Sofía of Spain, and Felipe's parents, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía. The royal family lives at the Zarzuela Palace in Madrid, although their official residence is the Royal Palace of Madrid. The membership of the royal family is defined by royal decree and consists of: the King of Spain, the monarch's spouse, the monarch's parents, his children, and the heir to the Spanish throne.[1]

Titles and styles

Coat of arms of the Spanish monarch

The titles and styles of the Royal Family are as follows:[2]

  • The occupant of the throne is the King (Spanish: el Rey) or the Queen (Spanish: la Reina), together with other titles pertaining to the Crown or belonging to members of the royal family. They are styled His or Her Majesty.
  • The King's wife bears the title of Queen (consort) with the style Her Majesty.
  • The husband of the Queen regnant, known as "Consort to the Queen of Spain", bears the title of Prince and is styled His Royal Highness.[a]
  • The King's heir apparent or heir presumptive bears the title of Prince or Princess of Asturias with the style Royal Highness.
  • A monarch's children besides the Prince or Princess of Asturias, as well as the children of the Prince or Princess, bear the title of Infante or Infanta and use the style Royal Highness. The children of an Infante or Infanta have the rank (but not the title) of Grandees and the style of Excellency.
  • Spouses and widows/widowers of the monarch's sons and daughters, other than those of the Prince or Princess of Asturias, are entitled to the form of address and honours the monarch may grant them.
  • The sovereign may also grant the dignity of Infante or Infanta with the style of Highness.

Members of the royal family

King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia with their daughters Leonor, Princess of Asturias, and Infanta Sofía
King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía

Members of the King's family

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Royal family tree

Queen María de las MercedesKing Alfonso XIIQueen María Cristina
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two SiciliesMercedes, Princess of AsturiasKing Alfonso XIIIQueen Victoria Eugenia
Infante Alfonso, Duke of CalabriaInfanta Alicia, Duchess of CalabriaInfante Juan, Count of BarcelonaPrincess María de las Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona
Infante Carlos, Duke of CalabriaThe Dowager Duchess of Calabria**Luis Gómez-Acebo, Duke of Badajoz and Viscount of La TorreInfanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz and Viscountess of La TorreKing Juan Carlos I*Queen Sofía*The Duke of Soria and Hernani**The Duchess of Soria and Hernani**
Doña Simoneta Gómez-Acebo y Borbón**The Viscount de la Torre**Don Bruno Gómez-Acebo y Borbón**Don Luis Gómez-Acebo y Borbón**Don Fernando Gómez-Acebo y Borbón**Don Alfonso Zurita y Borbón**Doña María Zurita y Borbón**
Jaime de MarichalarThe Duchess of Lugo**
Iñaki Urdangarin**Infanta Cristina**The King*The Queen*
Don Felipe de Marichalar y Borbón**Doña Victoria de Marichalar y Borbón**Don Juan Urdangarín y Borbón**Don Pablo Urdangarín y Borbón**Don Miguel Urdangarín y Borbón**Doña Irene Urdangarín y Borbón**The Princess of Asturias*Infanta Sofía*

* - Member of the Royal Family (as opposed to the Family of the King, or extended family)

** - Member of the Extended royal family

Public role

Princess of Asturias Awards ceremony

Members of the Spanish Royal Family are often asked by non-profit charitable, cultural, or religious organizations within and outside Spain to become their patrons, a role the Spanish constitution recognizes and codified in Title II Article 62 (j). It is incumbent for the monarch "to exercise the High Patronage of the Royal Academies".[29] Royal patronage conveys a sense of official credibility as the organization is scrutinized for suitability. A royal presence often greatly raises the profile of the organization and attracts media publicity and public interest that the organization may not have otherwise garnered, aiding in the charitable cause or cultural event. Royalty make use of their considerable celebrity to assist the organization to raise funds or to promote government policy.

Additionally, members of the royal family may also pursue their own charitable and cultural interests. Queen Sofía devotes much of her time to the Queen Sofia Foundation (Fundación Reina Sofía);[30] while Leonor, Princess of Asturias presents the annual Princess of Asturias Awards (Premios Princesa de Asturias), which aims to promote "scientific, cultural and humanistic values that form part of mankind's universal heritage."[31] The Princess of Asturias Foundation (Fundación Princesa de Asturias) holds the annual Princess of Asturias Awards acknowledging the contributions of individuals, entities, and/or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, or public affairs.

King Felipe VI serves as president of the Organization of Ibero-American States which hosts the annual Ibero-American Summit, serves as president of the Codespa Foundation, which finances specific economic and social development activities in Latin American and other countries, and serves as president of the Spanish branch of the Association of European Journalists, which is composed of achieving communications professionals.[32] King Felipe VI also serves as honorary chair of the Ministry of Culture National Awards Ceremonies.[33]

Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, Juan Carlos' elder daughter, is the Director of Cultural and Social Projects of Mapfre Foundation,[34] while Infanta Cristina, Juan Carlos' younger daughter, served as the Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations for the 2nd World Assembly on Ageing, and is a member of the Dali Foundation Board of Trustees, president of the International Foundation for Disabled Sailing, and Director of Social Welfare at the La Caixa Foundation in Barcelona where she lives with her family.[35]

King Juan Carlos, Queen Sofia, and Infanta Cristina are all members of the Bilderberg Group, an informal think-tank centered on United States and European relations, and other world issues.[36][37][38]

See also


  1. ^ Queen Isabella II granted her husband Francis, Duke of Cádiz, the title of King and the style of His Majesty.


  1. ^ Royal Decree 2917/1981, dated 27 November, on the Civil Registry of the Royal Family Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  2. ^ Royal Decree 1368/1987, dated 6 November, regulating titles, forms of address and honours pertaining to the Royal Family and to the Regents Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  3. ^ "Casa de Su Majestad el Rey de España – Actividades y Agenda – Hitos más importantes de Su Alteza Real el Príncipe de Asturias". (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Don Felipe de Borbón, principe de Asturias". El Pais (in Spanish). 22 January 1977. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  5. ^ Wilkinson, Isambard (22 May 2004). "Fiesta spirit returns for royal wedding". Archived from the original on 2022-01-12. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Felipe takes over as king of Spain". BBC News. 18 June 2014.
  7. ^ Álvarez, Leticia (19 June 2014). "Letizia Ortiz, Reina de España". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Paloma Rocasolano, enlace sindical" (in Spanish). ES: Diario de Navarra. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007.
  9. ^ a b c "Spain's future queen gives birth". BBC News. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Spanish crown princess has second daughter". Reuters. 29 April 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  11. ^ Gay, Danielle (13 May 2019). "Inside Queen Sofía and King Juan Carlos's 1962 wedding". Vogue Australia. Condé Nast. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  12. ^ Bernecker, Walther (January 1998). "Monarchy and Democracy: The Political Role of King Juan Carlos in the Spanish Transición". Journal of Contemporary History. 33 (1): 65–84. doi:10.1177/003200949803300104. S2CID 157966975.
  13. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV. "Spanien". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1997, pp. 20, 100-101. (in German) ISBN 978-3-79800-814-4
  14. ^ "ABC (Madrid) – 21/12/1963, p. 65 – Hemeroteca". 8 August 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  15. ^ " – Documento BOE-A-1995-5742". Archived from the original on 16 January 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  16. ^ Villar, Cote. Guardián de acero para el divorcio real. La otra crónica, no. 55 (6 February 2010). El Mundo.
  17. ^ ESchismógrafo (2018-07-18). "Froilán descoloca a sus propios familiares y amigos con un giro inesperado". Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  18. ^ Galaz, Mábel (10 September 2000). "Nace la primera nieta de los Reyes, que se llamará Victoria Federica". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  19. ^ Real Decreto 1502/1997 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  20. ^ "La infanta Cristina e Iñaki Urdangarin firman su divorcio en secreto". HOLA (in Spanish). 2024-01-24. Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  21. ^ a b c d Luis Gómez (11 February 2014). "How an ideal couple's life went to hell". El Pais. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  22. ^ Bianchi, Martin (6 March 2020). "Doña Margarita, la 'super infanta' que caminaba por las cornisas de los castillos, cumple 81 años". ¡Hola!. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  23. ^ Salas y Guirior, José (13 October 1972). "La Infanta Doña Margarita ha contraído matrimonio con el doctor Don Carlos Zurita". ABC.
  24. ^ "Carlos Zurita cumple 78 años, un cumpleaños más marcado por la polémica de Casa Real" (in Spanish). Europa Press. 9 October 2021.
  25. ^ Obituary of Dr. Carlos Zurita y González-Vidalte, ABC (in Spanish)
  26. ^ Montjouvent, Philippe de. Le Comte de Paris et sa Descendance. Editions du Chaney, 1998, Charenton, pp. 251-261, 264-265, 270-272. (French). ISBN 2-913211-00-3.
  27. ^ de Montjouvent, Philippe (1998). Le Comte de Paris et sa Descendance. Editions du Chaney. ISBN 2-913211-00-3.
  28. ^ Kamm, Henry (13 May 1965). "French Princess Wed To Spaniard". The New York Times. Dreux, France.
  29. ^ 1978 Spanish Constitution. Part II. The Crown
  30. ^ Queen Sofia Foundation
  31. ^ Prince of Asturias Foundation
  32. ^ Codespa Foundation Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Delivery of the National Awards of the Ministry of Culture 2008
  34. ^ Infanta Elena
  35. ^ Infanta Cristina
  36. ^ Mark Oliver (4 June 2004). "The Bilderberg group". The Guardian.
  37. ^ "Bilderberg Meeting of 1997 Assembles". PR Newswire. 13 June 1997. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011.
  38. ^ "Bilderberg Group Meets In Athens Amid Tight Security". NASDAQ.
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Spanish royal family
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