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Ontario Highway 7

Highway 7 marker Highway 7 marker

Highway 7

Location of Highway 7 in Southern Ontario.
     Current route      Former route
Route information
Maintained by Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
Length535.7 km[1] (332.9 mi)
Western segment
Length154.1 km (95.8 mi)
West end Highway 4Elginfield
Major intersections Highway 23
 Highway 8Kitchener
 Highway 6Guelph
East endHaltonPeel boundary (near Norval)
Eastern segment
Length381.6 km (237.1 mi)
West end Regional Road 48 (Donald Cousens Parkway) - Markham
Major intersections Highway 412Whitby
 Highway 7APort Perry
 Highway 12Sunderland
 Highway 35Lindsay
 Highway 115Peterborough
 Highway 28Peterborough
 Highway 62 - Madoc
 Highway 37Actinolite
 Highway 41Kaladar
 Highway 15Carleton Place
East end Highway 417Ottawa
DivisionsMiddlesex, Oxford County, Halton, York, Durham, Kawartha Lakes, Peterborough, Hastings, Lennox and Addington, Frontenac, Lanark
Major citiesStratford, KitchenerWaterloo, Guelph, Brampton, Vaughan, Markham, Pickering, Peterborough, Ottawa
TownsHalton Hills (Acton, Georgetown, Norval), Richmond Hill, Whitby, Lindsay, Perth, Carleton Place
Highway system
Highway 6 Highway 7A

King's Highway 7, commonly referred to as Highway 7 and historically as the Northern Highway, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. At its peak, Highway 7 measured 716 km (445 mi) in length, stretching from Highway 40 east of Sarnia in Southwestern Ontario to Highway 17 west of Ottawa in Eastern Ontario. However, due in part to the construction of Highways 402 and 407, the province transferred the sections of Highway 7 west of London and through the Greater Toronto Area to county and regional jurisdiction. The highway is now 535.7 km (332.9 mi) long; the western segment begins at Highway 4 north of London and extends 154.1 km (95.8 mi) to Georgetown, while the eastern segment begins at Donald Cousens Parkway in Markham and extends 381.6 km (237.1 mi) to Highway 417 in Ottawa.

Highway 7 was first designated in 1920 between Sarnia and Guelph and extended to Brampton the following year. Between 1927 and 1932, the highway was more than doubled in length as it was gradually extended eastward to Perth, where Highway 15 continued to Ottawa via Carleton Place. In the early 1960s, that section of Highway 15 was renumbered as Highway 7. In that same decade, the Conestoga Parkway through Kitchener and the Peterborough Bypass were constructed. During the 1970s and 1980s, many sections of Highway 7 were widened from the initial two lane cross-section to four or six lanes. Within central York Region, where it would share a narrow corridor with the then-future Highway 407, the route was upgraded to a limited-access arterial highway in preparation for the construction of the latter route.

Soon thereafter, that new tollway would act as justification for transferring the section of Highway 7 through the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) to regional governments. The sections became Peel Regional Road 107 Bovaird Drive West to Highway 410 and Queen Street East from east of 410 respectively) and York Regional Road 7. In the west, the construction of Highway 402 between Sarnia and London provided an uninterrupted alternative to Highway 7, resulting in the transfer of the section west of Highway 4. A third transfer took place in Peterborough, briefly separating the route into three discontinuous segments, but has since been rectified by renumbering a section of Highway 7A. From 2007 to 2012, the section of Highway 7 between Carleton Place and Ottawa has been widened to a divided freeway. In addition, work is underway to extend the Conestoga Parkway to New Hamburg as well as to build a new freeway between Kitchener and Guelph.

Route description

Originally, Highway 7 extended as far west as Sarnia, remaining as a provincial highway for some time after the extension of Highway 402 to London. At Warwick, Highway 7 crosses Highway 402, west of that point these routes ran parallel to each other for 40 km (both roads never being further than 2 km apart) until Highway 40. Upon entering the Sarnia city limits from the east on Highway 7, drivers encountered a plethora of motels and restaurants, the Sarnia Airport, and attractions such as Hiawatha Racetrack and Waterpark, earning the stretch between Modeland Road and Airport Road the nickname of the "Golden Mile".[2] The interchange with Highway 40 marked the former western terminus of Highway 7, thereafter the road continues as Exmouth Street as the opposing carriageways merge and follow an S curve before passing Lambton Mall. Since being downloaded to municipal authorities, the former highway is now known as Lambton County Road 22 (London Line) and Middlesex County Road 7 (Elginfield Road).[3]

Western segment

The current western segment of Highway 7 travels from Elginfield in Middlesex County in the southwest to the Halton - Peel border at Norval near Brampton; a distance of 152.6 kilometres (94.8 mi). The western segment was separated from the rest of Highway 7 on June 7, 1997, when the section from Brampton to Markham was downloaded due to the opening of Highway 407.[4] A 23.4 km (14.5 mi) portion of this segment, from Waterloo Regional Road 51 south of Baden to Highway 85 in Kitchener is a freeway, forming part of the Conestoga Parkway. Plans to build a freeway bypass of Highway 7 from Kitchener to Guelph are currently underway (see below).

The current route begins at Highway 4, approximately 20 km (12 mi) north of London and immediately southeast of the village of Lucan; the former routing continued west along Elginfield Road through Parkhill and Arkona. Though the highway changes direction several times between Elginfield and Kitchener, it is mostly straight and two lanes wide, except east of New Hamburg where it widens to four lanes. Proceeding east-northeast through farmland, the highway meets the southern terminus of Highway 23 just 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) later. It continues, serving as the boundary between Lucan Biddulph to the north and Middlesex Centre to the south, and later as the boundary between Perth County to the north and Middlesex and Oxford counties, with the tripoint of the three at County Road 120A south of St. Marys. Southeast of St. Marys, Highway 7 curves northeast into Perth County until it reaches downtown Stratford, where it meets Highway 8.[3][5]

The two highways travel east concurrently for 45.1 kilometres (28.0 mi), passing through the town of Shakespeare as it travels in a straight line through farmland. Southwest of New Hamburg, the route curves northeast into Waterloo Region, eventually widening into the four-lane Conestoga Parkway east of Nafziger Road. It follows this divided freeway past interchanges at Waterloo Regional Road 51 (Foundry Street) south of Baden, Waterloo Regional Road 12 (Queen Street/Notre Dame Drive) south of Petersburg, and Waterloo Regional Road 70 (Trussler Road) north of Mannheim, where it enters Kitchener and becomes surrounded by residential subdivisions. Within Kitchener, Highway 7 encounters interchanges at Waterloo Regional Road 58 (Fischer-Hallman Road)(at which point it widens to six lanes), Waterloo Regional Road 28 (Homer Watson Boulevard), Waterloo Regional Road 53 (Courtland Avenue), Waterloo Regional Road 15 (King Street)/Highway 8 (at which point it widens to eight lanes), Waterloo Regional Road 14 (Ottawa Street) and Waterloo Regional Road 55 (Victoria Street). The Highway 8 concurrency ends at the King Street interchange, with it diverging southeast onto the Freeport Diversion. Highway 7 exits at Victoria Street (four-lane arterial) while the parkway continues north into Waterloo as Highway 85.[3][5] Construction began in June 2015 on a future freeway between Kitchener and Guelph that will make use of a reconfigured Wellington Street interchange, just north of Victoria Street, and tie in with the northern end of the Hanlon Expressway.[6]

Highway 7 exits Kitchener after crossing the Grand River, where it enters farmland again for the brief 10-kilometre (6 mi) journey to Guelph along Victoria Street and Woodlawn Road. Midway between the two cities, the route enters Wellington County. Within Guelph, it meets Highway 6 at the northern end of the Hanlon Expressway. The two routes travel southeast along the expressway to Wellington County Road 124 (Wellington Street, former Highway 24), where Highway 7 branches northeast into downtown Guelph. It exits the city along York Road after crossing the Speed River, travelling parallel to and south of the Goderich–Exeter Railway. At Rockwood, the highway enters Halton Region and begins to zig-zag through several communities in Halton Hills. These include Acton, where the route intersects former Highway 25, and Georgetown. Just east of Norval, the western section of Highway 7 ends at the Halton–Peel boundary. The road continues into Brampton as Peel Regional Road 107 (Bovaird Drive).[3][5] The former highway then followed Highway 410 south, where it continued east along Queen Street (also Peel Road 107).

Highway 7 (York Regional Road 7) at intersection of Warden Avenue (York Regional Road 65) in Markham, in 2008 prior to widening to accommodate Viva Rapid Transit.

Part of the Highway 7 segment through Vaughan and Richmond Hill was relocated on a new alignment (as a 6 lane at-grade expressway) in 1987 in order to make way for the future toll route Highway 407 (where the two highways were forced to share a narrow right-of-way due to development and the hydro corridor) and to eliminate a jog along Bathurst Street; which also resulted in a section from west of Dufferin Street becoming a westerly extension of Centre Street. The new Highway 7 expressway has grade-separated crossings with connecting ramps to Dufferin Street, Bathurst Street, Yonge Street, and Bayview Avenue, enabling a speed limit of 80 km per hour; however this segment is not controlled-access as there are signalized intersections, pedestrian sidewalks and bus stops, effectively making it an arterial road. Old sections of Highway 7 bypassed by the new expressway still remain in use between Bathurst Street and Bayview Avenue, but reverted to their original name of Langstaff Road. Highway 7 through York Region, despite no longer being a provincial highway since being downloaded to municipal authorities in 1997, is still officially named "Highway 7", but otherwise has no street name, and received the number York Regional Road 7, displacing Islington Avenue which was redesignated as Regional Road 17.

Parts of the Markham portion were once called Wellington Street as well as sideroad allowance (before 1925 when Highway 7 reached the area[7]), stub of the old road exists today west of Markham Road that was a result of re-alignment of Highway 7.

The Toronto Star ran a series of articles in 2013 depicting the urbanization of the downloaded Highway 7 in the Greater Toronto Area, including a proposed name change to "Avenue 7".[8]

Until 2015, Highway 407 merged into Highway 7 in Pickering; this section was rebuilt as Highway 407E, opening on June 20, 2016

Eastern segment

The eastern segment of Highway 7 runs from Donald Cousens Parkway (York Regional Road 48) in Markham to Highway 417 in Ottawa, a length of 381.6 km (237.1 mi). Between Brooklin and north of Sunderland, Highway 7 assumes a north–south routing and is concurrent with Highway 12. The section from Sunderland to the eastern terminus of the highway is designated as part of the Central Ontario Route of the Trans-Canada Highway.[9][10]

Travelling east from Donald Cousens Parkway, Highway 7 exits the urbanized portion of Markham and enters the Greenbelt, a large tract of land north of the GTA restricted from development. It curves north at the community of Locust Hill along an alignment that eliminated a jog, then curves back to the east as it crosses into Durham Region. It travels north of and parallel to Highway 407 to Brougham, curving to cross the former eastern terminus of the freeway near Brock Road (Durham Regional Road 1). East of the Highway 407 overpass, Highway 7 widens to four lanes and curves around the community of Greenwood and the hill that it stands on. The route crosses the northern end of Pickering, entering Whitby at Lakeridge Road (Durham Regional Road 23). Between Lakeridge Road and Highway 12, the route was rebuilt for the new Highway 407E and West Durham Link, with an overpass constructed at Cochrane Road. East of that, the route enters Brooklin and meets Highway 12.[9][10]

Highway 7 and Highway 12 travel north concurrently from Brooklin through Durham Region to Sunderland, with Highway 7 eventually departing to the east and entering the City of Kawartha Lakes. Despite its name, the highway passes through a mostly-rural landscape in Kawartha Lakes, bypassing south of Lindsay in the middle of the "city" along a brief concurrency with Highway 35. East of Lindsay, the route meanders southeast towards Peterborough, encountering the divided freeway Highway 115 southwest of the city. The two routes travel east concurrently along the southern edge of the city. Highway 115 and the divided freeway end at Lansdowne Street, onto which Highway 7 turns.[9][10]

Highway 7 near Omemee, in the City of Kawartha Lakes

The segment between Peterborough and Perth was built in the 1930s during the Great Depression, as a public works employment project. It was constructed parallel to a CP Rail corridor (now abandoned east of Peterborough) that was built in the 1880s, and used hand-power to dig and build the road whenever possible.[11] From Peterborough to Norwood, the route travels in a straight line through the Peterborough Drumlin Field, connecting to the southern terminus of Highway 28 and crossing the Indian River while otherwise passing through farmland. At Norwood the route suddenly begins to meander as it approaches the undulated Canadian Shield. The section east of Havelock to Perth, unlike the rest of the highway, travels through a relatively isolated area, with few services or residences along the route outside of the several towns that it connects. In contrast to the surroundings west of there, this section is located in dense forest with numerous lakes and muskeg dotting the landscape. It services the villages of Marmora, where it connects with the northern terminus of former Highway 14, Madoc, where it intersect Highway 62, Actinolite, where it meets the northern terminus of Highway 37, and Kaladar, where it intersects Highway 41.[9][10]

East of Kaladar, Highway 7 begins to serve cottages along the shores of several large lakes that lie near the highway. It intersects the northern terminus of former Highway 38 near Sharbot Lake and later passes south of Maberly before exiting the Canadian Shield and reentering farmland. On the outskirts of Perth, the route meets former Highway 43 and curves northward. It travels around the western and northern shorelines of Mississippi Lake before passing directly south of Carleton Place. Just east of there, Highway 7 widens into a four lane freeway for the remainder of the distance to Highway 417. This section, completed by early 2012,[12] was built by "twinning" the existing two lane highway with a second parallel carriageway to serve as the eastbound lanes. Highway 7 ends at an interchange with Highway 417, where drivers can proceed east to Ottawa or north to Arnprior.[9][10]

Highway 7 in Central Frontenac; this section passes through the sparsely developed terrain of the Opeongo Hills


The route which would later become Highway 7 was first established by the Department of Public Highways as part of the initial provincial highway network on February 26, 1920. This route connected Sarnia to Guelph.[13] On April 27, 1921, the route was extended east to the Wellington–Halton boundary. Several days later, on May 4, the highway was extended further east to Hurontario Street in Brampton.[14] The Great Northern Highway, as it was known at the time, was numbered as Highway 7 during the summer of 1925.[15] Assumptions on June 22 and July 2, 1927 extended Highway 7 from Brampton to Peterborough. A portion of the original routing of Highway 12 between Sunderland and Lindsay was renumbered in this process and a concurrency established between Brooklin and Sunderland.[16]

During the early 1930s, the DHO decided that Highway 7 would ultimately serve as the most direct route between Toronto and Ottawa; at that time the only option was via Highway 2 and Highway 16. The first step in this undertaking was to extend Highway 7 as far as Madoc along existing settler routes. This section was assumed on September 17, 1930.[17] On November 18, 1931, construction was accelerated between Madoc and Perth as a major depression-relief project when eight contracts were set to build the new route. Over 2700 men blasted rock, dredged muskeg and endured a constant barrage of blood-sucking insects in order to construct this new link. The majority of it followed along a Canadian Pacific right-of-way (now abandoned past the town of Havelock) which had been cleared in 1881, deviating at times to provide a better alignment, avoid large muskeg or to lessen excavation work, most of which was performed by hand.[11] On February 10 and February 17, the route, still incomplete, was surveyed and assumed as an extension of Highway 7. The new highway was opened to traffic on August 23, 1932.[18]

Between the 1930s and 1960s, Highway 7 connected Sarnia with Perth; Highway 15 continued from Perth to Ottawa. By the mid-1950s, the well established highway network had changed travel characteristics, and the numbering of Highway 15 between Perth and Ottawa was confusing motorists. The Ottawa Board of Trade petitioned the Department of Highways to renumber several highways surrounding the city.[19] The department performed a series of renumberings similar to these recommendations following the extension of Highway 43 on September 8, 1961. Highway 15 was rerouted between Smiths Falls and Carleton Place to travel concurrently with Highway 29; Highway 7 was extended along the former routing from Perth to Carleton Place and signed concurrently with Highway 15 eastward to Ottawa.[20] This brought the highway to its peak length of 700 kilometres (430 mi).

At an at-grade intersection with Highway 40 (Modeland Road, formerly Lucasville Road), Highway 7 transitioned into Highway 402, inaugurated in 1953, which continued westwards to the Bluewater Bridge at the American border. In 1957, the DHO announced that Highway 402 would be extended east of Sarnia to London, starting with the construction of an interchange at Modeland Road to replace the at-grade intersection in 1963-64, although Highway 402 would continue to default to Highway 7 for the near future as the rest of the extension was still being planned.[21] This interchange would serve as the terminus for a new bypass of Sarnia, as in 1980 a second overpass was built at this interchange during the twinning of Highway 40 to Wellington Street.[22]

The extension of Highway 402 involved a new alignment east of Murphy Road to a new interchange with Highway 40, just north of the existing Highway 40 interchange with Highway 7, while Highway 7 would continue to a redirected Exmouth Street (causing a section of the latter to be bypassed and renamed as Old Exmouth Street). Highway 402 was completed between Sarnia and Highway 401 in 1982, and with traffic shifting to the newly completed freeway, this resulted in the redundancy of Highway 7 west of London. [23]

Nonetheless, Highway 7 remained provincially maintained until the segment west of Highway 4 was transferred to county jurisdiction on January 1, 1998; a process referred to as downloading. The former highway is now known as Lambton County Road 22 (London Line) and Middlesex County Road 7 (Elginfield Road).[3]

Transfer of portions to lower governments (downloading)

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Ministry of Transportation (MTO) "downloaded" (i.e., transferred responsibility for) several sections of Highway 7 to regional and county governments. There are three separate issues that led to these downloads.

Due to budget cuts instituted by the Mike Harris government, many highways deemed to serve a local or regional function were downloaded to local jurisdiction. The sections of Highway 7 west of London were transferred to Lambton County and Middlesex County, largely supplanted by the completion of nearby Highway 402 in 1982.[23][4] On April 1, 1997, the section from Sarnia to Thedford was transferred to Lambton County.[4] The section from Thedford to Elginfield was transferred to Lambton and Middlesex counties on January 1, 1998.[24]

As the construction of Highway 407 progressed across the northern end of the Greater Toronto Area, the MTO transferred sections of Highway 7 to the regions of Peel and York. On June 7, 1997, the section between Highway 410 and Highway 404 was transferred to the regions of Peel and York;[4] the section from Highway 404 to McCowan Road was transferred to York Region on April 1, 1999. Several months later, on September 1, a short section between McCowan Road and Markham Road was transferred. Finally, on January 25, 2007, the section between Markham Road and 185 m (607 ft) east of Donald Cousens Parkway, where the highway narrows to two lanes today, was transferred. Within Peel Region, Highway 410 and Highway 7 ran concurrently north–south between Bovaird Drive and Queen Street. The Queen St. portion of the route was numbered Peel Regional Road 21 on July 10, 1997,[25] but renumbered as Peel Regional Road 107 on March 26, 1998.[26] To make the former highway easier to follow through Brampton, the Bovaird Drive portion of the route was subsequently also numbered Regional Road 107, after the highway was transferred to the Region of Peel on November 28, 2001.[27] The non-Highway 7 portions of Queen Street and Bovaird Drive west and east of Highway 410 are designated as Regional Roads 6 and 10 respectively.

In the Peterborough area, Highway 7 was rerouted from travelling through the city to bypassing it along Highway 115. This situation took over six years to set in place. On April 1, 1997, the sections of Highway 7 entering the western edge of Peterborough along North Monaghan Parkway and Sir Sanford Fleming Drive were transferred to the county and city, creating a gap between Springville and the Peterborough Bypass. This situation was rectified on May 1, 2003, when the section of Highway 7A that until then was a continuation of the road south from Springville to Highway 115 was renumbered as Highway 7. The concurrency with Highway 115 was extended southwest to remove the discontinuity entirely.[28]

Recent work

York Region

In 2005, Highway 7 was made the second main arterial for York Region's Viva Rapid Transit service (after Yonge Street), leading to the expansion of the CN MacMillan Bridge and Highway 400 overpass.[29][30][31]

Carleton Place

On August 22, 2006, work officially began on a project to expand Highway 7 between Ottawa and Carleton Place into a freeway through a process known as twinning,[32] in which a second carriageway is built parallel to an existing road and grade-separated interchanges constructed.[33] Plans for this expansion were first conceptualized in 1979 when a planning study was undertaken. However, budgetary constraints forced an early end to this study in 1981. In 1988, the project was reinstated. A study released that year recommended that Highway 7 be widened to five lanes with a centre turning lane south of Carleton Place as an interim measure; this was carried out in 1993.[34] Full planning on the four-laning of the route began in 1993.[35]

In mid-2005, the Government of Ontario announced the project to the public. The work was carried out over three contracts: from Highway 417 to Jinkinson Road, from Jinkinson Road to Ashton Station Road, and from Ashton Station Road to Highway 15. In July 2007, a C$45 million contract was awarded to R.W. Tomlinson for the first phase of the route west from Highway 417.[36][37] Bot Construction was awarded the $73.2 million contract for the second phase, which included two interchanges, four overpasses and service roads, in early 2008.[38] The first phase was opened to traffic on July 31, 2008[39] Towards the end of 2009, the $25.8 million contract for the third phase was awarded to Aecon.[40] The second phase was completed ahead of schedule on December 3, 2008, bypassing south of the former route at Ashton Station Road and merging to two lanes west of Dwyer Hill Road.[41] The third phase was completed in late 2011/early 2012, connecting to Carleton Place.[12]

In early 2011, Ontario Infrastructure Minister Bob Chiarelli hinted at possible plans to extend the four-laning of Highway 7 west from Carleton Place to Perth.[42]

Proposed Kitchener-Guelph freeway

On March 23, 2007, the Government of Ontario announced the approval of an Environmental Impact Assessment for a four-lane controlled-access highway between Kitchener, and Guelph, as traffic on Highway 401 is growing steadily and approaching capacity, along with the current two-lane alignment of Highway 7. This would connect to the Conestoga Parkway via an expansion of the existing Wellington Road half-cloverleaf interchange, with additional semi-directional flyover ramps above making it a four level interchange. The eastern end of the proposed Highway 7 freeway would terminate at, and interline with, the Hanlon Expressway (Highway 6), which is also scheduled for upgrades to a full freeway beginning in June 2015. Combined with plans to extend the Conestoga Parkway westward to Stratford, this would result in the Highway 7 route following a continuous freeway all the way to Guelph.[6][43]

As one of the prerequisite projects, on the Conestoga Parkway the Victoria Street overpass was demolished overnight on February 23–24, 2018, and was replaced with a new structure that reopened to traffic on October 28; the new bridge is longer and has a higher elevation to accommodate the future ramps between the Kitchener-Guelph freeway and the Conestoga Parkway.[44][45]

In July 2020, the Ford government announced that it would fund the highway project linking Guelph and Kitchener and building a new bridge for the highway over the Grand River. It is expected to cost 764 million dollars for the 18-kilometre freeway.[46]

Major intersections

The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 7, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario.[1] In addition, it includes some minor junctions. Highway 7 is maintained under a Connecting Link agreement within Stratford, Guelph, Acton, Georgetown, Omemee, Havelock and Marmora.[47] 

LambtonSarnia−101.6−63.1  County Road 22 begins
 Highway 40 (Modeland Road) – Chatham
Former Highway 7 western terminus; present-day Lambton County Road 22
Plympton–Wyoming−83.2−51.7 County Road 21 (Oil Heritage Road)Reece's Corners; formerly Highway 21
Warwick−62.5−38.8 County Road 9 north (Nauvoo Road)
 County Road 79 south (Nauvoo Road)
Formerly Highway 79 south; former western end of Highway 79 concurrency
−58.9−36.6 County Road 22 east (Egremont Drive)Formerly Highway 22 east; former Highway 7 / Highway 79 follow County Road 79 north (Arkona Road)
Lambton Shores−42.6−26.5 County Road 6 west (Thomson Line)
 County Road 79 north (Arkona Road)
Formerly Highway 79 north; former eastern end of Highway 79 concurrency; former Highway 7 follows County Road 6 east (Elginfield Road)
Lambton – Middlesex boundaryLambton Shores – North Middlesex boundary−40.6−25.2
 County Road 6 ends
 County Road 7 begins
Lambton County Road 6 ends; Middlesex County Road 7 begins
MiddlesexNorth Middlesex−29.1−18.1 County Road 81 north (Main Street)Parkhill; formerly Highway 81 north; former western end of Highway 81 concurrency
−27.0−16.8 County Road 81 south (Centre Road)Formerly Highway 81 south; former eastern end of Highway 81 concurrency
Middlesex Centre – Lucan Biddulph boundary0.00.0  Highway 4London, Lucan
 Highway 7 begins
 County Road 7 ends
Elginfield; Highway 7 western terminus; road continues as Middlesex County Road 7 west
1.20.75  Highway 23 north – Mitchell
5.03.1 County Road 23 south (Highbury Avenue)
5.33.3 County Road 59 north (Granton Line)
Middlesex Centre – Lucan Biddulph – Thames Centre boundary10.16.3 County Road 50 north (Prospect Hill Road)
Perth – Middlesex boundaryPerth South – Thames Centre boundary16.810.4 County Road 27 south (Wellburn Road)
17.610.9 County Road 123 north – St. Marys
Perth – Oxford boundaryPerth South – Zorra boundary19.612.2County Road 120A north (James Street) – St. Marys
24.014.9 County Road 118 north
 County Road 119 south – Thamesford
Formerly Highway 19 south; western end of former Highway 19 concurrency
PerthPerth South26.716.6 County Road 9 west (Perth Line 9) – St. Marys
31.719.7 County Road 20 west (Perth Line 20)
33.821.0 County Road 26 east (Perth Line 26)
Stratford36.022.4Perth Line 29Beginning of Stratford connecting link agreement
36.922.9 County Road 113 south
40.024.9  Highway 8 west – GoderichWestern end of Highway 8 concurrency
40.225.0 Waterloo StreetFormerly Highway 19 north; eastern end of former Highway 19 concurrency; to County Road 119 north
43.326.9End of Stratford connecting link agreement
PerthPerth East52.032.3 County Road 107Shakespeare; formerly Highway 59
Perth – Waterloo boundaryPerth East – Wilmot boundary60.237.4 Regional Road 1 (Wilmot–Easthope Road)New Hamburg Bypass
WaterlooWilmot62.138.6 Regional Road 3 south (Walker Road)
63.539.5 Regional Road 4 west (Peel Street)
64.440.0 Regional Road 4 east (Bleams Road)
65.840.9 Regional Road 5 north (Nafziger Road)
67.241.8Controlled-access highway begins
68.042.3 Regional Road 51 (Foundry Street) – Wilmot Centre
73.145.4 Regional Road 12 (Queen Street (south) / Notre Dame Drive (north)) – Petersburg
Kitchener76.947.8 Regional Road 70 (Trussler Road) – MannheimKitchener city limits; becomes Conestoga Parkway
80.049.7 Regional Road 58 (Fischer Hallman Road)
82.451.2 Regional Road 28 (Homer Watson Boulevard)Eastbound entrance via Ottawa Street South
83.752.0 Regional Road 53 (Courtland Avenue)
85.152.9 Highway 8 east (Freeport Diversion) to Highway 401Eastern end of Highway 8 concurrency; no access from Highway 7 to King Street
86.453.7 Regional Road 4 (Ottawa Street North)
88.354.9 Highway 85 north (Conestoga Parkway) – Waterloo
 Regional Road 55 west (Victoria Street)
Highway 7 exits Conestoga Parkway at Victoria Street; westbound entrance via Edna Street; eastbound exit via Bruce Street; western end of Regional Road 55 concurrency[48]
90.956.5  Regional Road 54 south (Lackner Boulevard) / Bingemans Centre Drive
Woolwich94.058.4 Regional Road 17 north (Ebycrest Road) / Woolwich Street
94.458.7 Regional Road 17 south (Fountain Street)
94.758.8  Regional Road 55 endsEastern end of Regional Road 55 concurrency; Regional Road 55 ends 300 m (980 ft) east of Fountain Street[48]
97.960.8  Regional Road 30 (Shantz Station Road)
Guelph103.064.0Imperial RoadBeginning of Guelph Connecting Link agreement
105.965.8  Highway 6 north (Woodlawn Road) – Mount ForestNorthern terminus of Hanlon Expressway; western end of Highway 6 concurrency
109.668.1 Highway 6 south (Hanlon Expressway) – Hamilton
Wellington Street West
Eastern end of Highway 6 concurrency; Highway 7 follows Wellington Street; formerly Highway 24 west; former western end of Highway 24 concurrency; to Regional Road 124 west
112.169.7 Wyndham Street South / Wellington Street EastHighway 7 follows Wyndham Street South; formerly Highway 24 east; eastern end of former Highway 24 concurrency
116.872.6End of Guelph Connecting Link agreement
WellingtonGuelph/Eramosa120.074.6 County Road 29 (Eramosa Road) – Eramosa
122.876.3 County Road 44 south
124.177.1 County Road 27 north (Gowan Road)Rockwood
125.277.8 County Road 50 east
Wellington – Halton boundaryGuelph/Eramosa – Milton boundary131.381.6 Regional Road 32 west (Eramosa-Milton Townline)
HaltonHalton Hills134.483.5 Regional Road 25 northFormerly Highway 25 north; western end of former Highway 25 concurrency; beginning of Acton Connecting Link agreement
134.983.8 Regional Road 25 south – MiltonFormerly Highway 25 south; eastern end of former Highway 25 concurrency
136.484.8Churchill RoadEnd of Acton Connecting Link agreement
142.188.3 Regional Road 3 north (Trafalgar Road) – Ballinafad
145.690.5 Regional Road 3 south (Trafalgar Road) – Oakville
147.091.3Wildwood RoadBeginning of Georgetown Connecting Link agreement
152.094.4Hall RoadEnd of Georgetown Connecting Link agreement
153.695.4 Regional Road 19 (Winston Churchill Boulevard) – CheltenhamNorval
Halton – Peel boundaryHalton Hills – Brampton boundary154.195.8  Highway 7 ends
 Regional Road 107 begins
End of western segment; road continues as Peel Regional Road 107 east
PeelBrampton156.096.9  Highway 413Possible interchange location for proposed freeway; proposed end of western segment
162.5101.0 Hurontario Street / Main StreetFormerly Highway 10
165.3102.713 Highway 410 north
Regional Road 10 (Bovaird Drive – east
Former west end of Highway 410 concurrency; exit numbers follow Highway 410; Regional roads are unsigned on Highway 410
166.8103.612Williams Parkway
168.3104.610Regional Road 6 (Queen Street) – west
 Highway 410 south
Former east end of Highway 410 concurrency; Regional roads are unsigned on 410
Peel – York boundaryBrampton – Vaughan boundary178.5110.9  Regional Road 50
York Regional Road 24
Formerly Highway 50; York Regional Road 24 is unsigned
 Regional Road 107 ends
 Regional Road 7 begins
Peel Regional Road 107 ends; York Regional Road 7 begins
YorkVaughan179.7111.7 Highway 427Highway 427 exit 21
180.8112.3 Regional Road 27Formerly Highway 27
187.7116.6 Highway 400Highway 400 exit 29; no access to 407 ETR from Regional Road 7
Richmond Hill198.7123.5 Regional Road 1 (Yonge Street)Formerly Highway 11
Richmond Hill – Markham boundary203.5126.4 Highway 404Highway 404 exit 26; no access to 407 ETR from Regional Road 7
Markham212.8132.2 Regional Road 68 (Markham Road)Formerly Highway 48
216.5134.5 Regional Road 48 (Donald Cousins Parkway)
216.7134.7  Highway 7 begins
 Regional Road 7 ends
Beginning of eastern segment lies 185 m (605 ft) east of Donald Cousens Parkway; road continues west as York Regional Road 7 east
York – Durham boundaryMarkham – Pickering boundary219.6136.5  Regional Road 30 (York–Durham Line)
DurhamPickering Regional Road 40 south (Whites Road)
226.5140.7 Regional Road 1 (Brock Road) – Brougham, Uxbridge
227.3141.2  Highway 407 west – MarkhamHighway 7 passes over former eastern terminus of Highway 407
Whitby235.2146.1  Highway 412 southSouthbound entrance and northbound exit
239.1148.6  Highway 12 south (Baldwin Street)
 Regional Road 3 east (Winchester Road)
Western end of Highway 12 concurrency
243.2151.1  Regional Road 26 south (Thickson Road)
Scugog253.3157.4 Highway 7A east – Port Perry, Peterborough
 Regional Road 21 west (Goodwood Road)
Manchester; Highway 7A provides a shorter route to Peterborough via Highway 115
256.2159.2 Regional Road 8 (Reach Street) – Uxbridge, Port Perry
260.4161.8 Regional Highway 47 west – Uxbridge, Stouffville
266.2165.4 Regional Road 6 east (Saintfield Road) – SeagraveSaintfield
Brock270.6168.1 Regional Road 13Blackwater
275.4171.1 Regional Road 10 west (River Street)Sunderland
278.2172.9   Highway 12 / TCH north – Beaverton, OrilliaEastern end of Highway 12 concurrency; western end of Trans-Canada Highway (continues on Highway 12 north)
Durham – Kawartha Lakes boundaryManilla285.2177.2  Regional Road 2
 Road 2
(Simcoe Street)
Manilla; cosigned as Durham Regional Road 2 and Kawartha Lakes Road 2
Kawartha Lakes 288.3179.1 Road 46 north – Woodville
Fingerboard Road south
Formerly Highway 46 north
Oakwood294.5183.0 Road 6 (Eldon Road) – Little Britain, Kirkfield
Lindsay303.2188.4  Highway 35Lindsay, Fenelon FallsWestern end of Highway 35 concurrency and Lindsay Bypass; formerly Highway 7B east
307.3190.9  Road 4 (Angeline Street South / Little Britain Road) – Little Britain
308.7191.8  Highway 35 south – Newcastle
 Road 15 north (Lindsay Street)
Eastern end of Highway 35 concurrency and Lindsay Bypass; formerly Highway 7B west / Highway 35B north
310.2192.7  Road 36 north – BobcaygeonFormerly Highway 36 north
 322.5200.4 Road 31 west (Mount Horeb Road)
Omemee323.4201.0Sibley AvenueBeginning of Omemee Connecting Link agreement
323.9201.3 Road 38 south (Ski Hill Road)
324.7201.8 Road 7 north (Sturgeon Road)
326.1202.6End of Omemee Connecting Link agreement
 328.2203.9 Road 10 (Emily Park Road)
Kawartha Lakes – Peterborough boundaryFowlers Corners334.8208.0 Road 26 north (Frank Hill Road)
 County Road 1 east (Lindsay Road)
Formerly Highway 7B east
PeterboroughSelwyn – Cavan Monaghan boundary339.1210.7 County Road 3 east (Park Hill Road West)
Cavan Monaghan340.4211.5 County Road 9 (Sherbrook Street West / Mount Pleasant Road)
342.2212.6 County Road 5 east (Lansdowne Street)
343.6213.5 County Road 15 east (Monaghan Parkway)Formerly Highway 7 east; Highway 7 follows former Highway 7A
347.2215.745 Highway 115 south – Toronto
 County Road 28Port Hope
Western end of Highway 115 concurrency; exit numbers follow Highway 115; formerly Highway 28 south
351.2218.249 County Road 11 (Airport Road)To Peterborough Airport
Peterborough353.6219.751The Parkway, Sir Sandford Fleming DriveFormerly Highway 28 north / Highway 7 west
356.9221.854Bensfort RoadAccess to and from westbound Highway 7/115 via Kennedy Road; no access to eastbound Highway 7/115
358.5222.856Ashburnham DriveAccess to and from eastbound Highway 7/115 via Neal Drive
359.9223.6 Highway 115 ends
Lansdowne Street East / Television Road
Eastern end of freeway and Highway 115 concurrency; signalized intersection; formerly Highway 7B west
360.4223.9  County Road 35 south (Keene Road)
PeterboroughOtonabee–South Monaghan367.2228.2 Highway 28 north – Lakefield, Bancroft
 County Road 34 south (Heritage Line)
Formerly Highway 134 north
Asphodel–Norwood377.0234.3 County Road 38
386.8240.3 County Road 40 north
 County Road 45 south
Norwood; formerly Highway 45 south
Havelock-Belmont-Methuen395.9246.0Canadian Pacific Railway crossingBeginning of Havelock Connecting Link agreement
396.1246.1 County Road 30 (Concession Street)
397.7247.1 County Road 48 east / Mary StreetEnd of Havelock Connecting Link agreement
402.3250.0 County Road 50 southPreneveau
HastingsMarmora and Lake414.0257.2Beginning of Marmora Connecting Link agreement
414.1257.3 County Road 14 south (Forsyth Street)Formerly Highway 14 south
415.3258.1Maloney StreetEnd of Marmora Connecting Link agreement
418.6260.1 County Road 11 north (Deloro Road)
Madoc (township)429.3266.8 County Road 23 east (St. Lawrence Street)Formerly Highway 7B east
Centre Hastings431.6268.2 Highway 62Belleville, BancroftMadoc (village)
432.5268.7 County Road 12 north (Cooper Road)
Madoc (township)434.4269.9 County Road 23 west (St. Lawrence Street)Formerly Highway 7B west
Tweed442.2274.8 County Road 20 north (Queensborough Road)
445.1276.6 Highway 37 south – Belleville, Tweed (village)Actinolite
445.8277.0 County Road 25 north (Flinton Road)
Lennox and AddingtonAddington Highlands467.1290.2 Highway 41 north – Denbigh
 County Road 41 south
FrontenacCentral Frontenac507.2315.2 Township Road 509 north – PlevnaFormerly Highway 509 north
508.5316.0 Township Road 38 south – Sharbot Lake, KingstonFormerly Highway 38 south
LanarkTay Valley519.8323.0 County Road 36 (Bolingbroke Road south / Elphin Road north)Maberly
Perth542.5337.1 County Road 511 north – LanarkFormerly Highway 511 north
543.2337.5 County Road 43 south (Wilson Street) – Smiths FallsFormerly Highway 43 south
Lanark Highlands564.0350.5 County Road 15 north (Ferguson Falls Road) – Lanark
Mississippi Mills564.0350.5 County Road 9 north (Tatlock Road)
Mississippi Mills – Beckwith boundary573.0356.0 County Road 7B (Townline Road) – Carleton PlaceFormerly Highway 7B east
Carleton Place576.8358.4 Highway 15 south – Smiths Falls, Kingston
577.4358.8 County Road 29 north (McNeely Avenue) – ArnpriorFormerly Highway 15 north
Beginning of controlled-access highway
Beckwith581.7361.5 County Road 17 (Appleton Sideroad north / Cemetery Sideroad south)
Lanark County – Ottawa boundaryBeckwith – Ottawa boundary584.4363.1Ashton Station Road
595.8370.2 Road 36 (Hazeldean Road) – Ottawa
598.3371.8  Highway 417 / TCHArnprior, OttawaHighway 7 eastern terminus; Highway 417 exit 145
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


  1. ^ a b Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (2004). "Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) counts". Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ Official Plan of the Town of Clearwater (Report). January 1985. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2015-06-30.
  3. ^ a b c d e Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by MapArt. Mapart Publishing. 2022. pp. 14, 21–24. ISBN 1-55198-226-9.
  4. ^ a b c d Highway Transfers List (Report). Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. April 1, 1997. pp. 3, 4, 6–8.
  5. ^ a b c Google (June 21, 2015). "Route of western segment of Highway 7" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Desmond, Paige (May 30, 2015). "Initial Work On New Kitchener–Guelph Hwy. 7 to Start in June". The Record. Waterloo Region: Metroland Media. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "Highway 7 Heritage Tour". City of Markham. Archived from the original on 30 November 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  8. ^ Daubs, Katie (February 22, 2013). "Highway 7: The Road That Needs a New Name". Toronto Star. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by MapArt. Mapart Publishing. 2022. pp. 31–32, 43–48, 61–63, 76. ISBN 1-55198-226-9.
  10. ^ a b c d e Google (June 21, 2015). "Route of eastern segment of Highway 7" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Report on Highways". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1932. pp. 16–18.
  12. ^ a b "2011 Completed Projects". Ontario Ministry of Transportation. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  13. ^ Shragge, John; Bagnato, Sharon (1984). From Footpaths to Freeways. Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Historical Committee. pp. 74–75. ISBN 0-7743-9388-2.
  14. ^ "Provincial Highways Assumed in 1921". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1922. p. 23.
  15. ^ "Provincial Highways Now Being Numbered". The Canadian Engineer. 49 (8). Monetary Times Print: 246. August 25, 1925. Numbering of the various provincial highways in Ontario has been commenced by the Department of Public Highways. Resident engineers are now receiving metal numbers to be placed on poles along the provincial highways. These numbers will also be placed on poles throughout cities, towns and villages, and motorists should then have no trouble in finding their way in and out of urban municipalities. Road designations from "2" to "17" have already been allotted...
  16. ^ "Appendix 6 - Schedule of Assumptions and Reversions of Sections". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1928. pp. 60–61.
  17. ^ "Appendix 5 - Schedule of Assumptions and Reversions of Sections". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1932. pp. 76–77.
  18. ^ Staff (August 25, 1932). "Premier Henry Uses the Axe". The Windsor Star. p. 6.
  19. ^ "Ask Sweeping Road Scheme". The Ottawa Citizen. Vol. 113, no. 159. January 6, 1956. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
  20. ^ Information Section (September 8, 1961). "[No Title]" (Press release). Department of Highways.
  21. ^ "Sarnia Link to 401 Project". Windsor Daily Star. September 12, 1957. p. 20.
  22. ^ "Highway District Reports – District 1 – Chatham". Annual Report (Report). Department of Highways. March 31, 1963. p. 77.
  23. ^ a b Annual Report (Construction ed.). Ministry of Transportation and Communications. 1982–1983. p. 76.
  24. ^ Highway Transfers List - "Who Does What" (Report). Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. June 20, 2001. pp. 8–9.
  25. ^ "Council Minutes - JULY 10, 1997 - Region of Peel". Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  26. ^ "By-law Number 26-1998 - March 26, 1998 - Region of Peel". Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  27. ^ Hunt, Geoff (July 12, 2001). "Council Minutes". Regional Municipality of Peel. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  28. ^ "Signs of the Times". Milestones. 2 (1). Ontario Good Roads Association. February 2002. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
  29. ^ "the expansion of the Highway 400 bridge on Highway 7 West begins". Vivanext. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  30. ^ "choosing the right form of transit". Vivanext. 14 November 2013.
  31. ^ "a look back at the CN MacMillan Bridge expansion". Vivanext. 12 July 2017.
  32. ^ "Work begins to widen Highway 7 west of Ottawa". Ottawa Business Journal. August 22, 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  33. ^ "What is Involved in Constructing a Four Lane Highway?". Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  34. ^ Planning and Development Approvals Commissioner (2 June 1997). Highway 7 Preliminary Design: Careleton Place to Highway 417 (Ottawa Queensway) (PDF) (Report). Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton. p. 3.
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  36. ^ " - Page Not Found". Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via ((cite web)): Cite uses generic title (help)[dead link]
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  40. ^ "Aecon awarded $25 million MTO contract to expand Highway 7" (Press release). Toronto, Ontario: Aecon. 7 December 2009.
  42. ^ Devoy, Desmond (19 January 2011). "Highway 7 expansion to Perth could be in new 10-year plan". Retrieved 7 April 2018.
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  48. ^ a b "Regional Roads By Road Number" (PDF). Region of Waterloo. November 2021. Retrieved May 6, 2024.
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Ontario Highway 7
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