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Henry Mosler

Henry Mosler
A head and shoulders portrait of a sixty something man, wearing glasses, facing to the left
Henry Mosler, 1907, National Portrait Gallery
Born(1841-06-06)June 6, 1841
Tropplowitz, Silesia, Prussia
(present-day Opawica, Poland)
DiedApril 21, 1920 (1920-04-22) (aged 78)
Known forPainting, drawing

Henry Mosler (June 6, 1841 – April 21, 1920) was a German-born painter who documented American life, including colonial themes, Civil War illustrations, and portraits of men and women of society.[1]

Early life

He was born in Tropplowitz, Silesia, Prussia (present-day Opawica, Poland), and moved with his family to New York in 1849, when he was 8 years old. His father, Gustavus Mosler, had worked as a lithographer in Europe, but in New York he found work as a cigar maker and tobacconist. In 1851, the family relocated to Cincinnati, Ohio, the site of a substantial German-Jewish community. Henry was apprenticed to a wood engraver, Horace C. Grosvenor, while still in his early teens, and also was taught the basics of painting by an amateur landscape painter, George Kerr.[2]

Career

Henry Mosler working on a painting, 1860
Henry Mosler in 1860

After studying drawing by himself, Mosler became a draughtsman for a comic paper, the Omnibus (Cincinnati), in 1855. From 1859 to 1861 he studied under James Henry Beard, and in 1862–63, during the American Civil War, served as an art correspondent of Harper's Weekly.[3] As with most Jews in the North, Mosler was a strong Union supporter, and Harper's Weekly served as an important voice for the Union forces. He was an aide-de-camp with the army of Ohio from 1861 to 1863, and published 34 drawings in Harper's, 18 of them depicting the Kentucky and Ohio Campaign in 1862.[4] He also did portraits of several generals.[5]

In 1863 Mosler went to Düsseldorf, where for almost three years he was at the Royal Academy, and studied under Heinrich Mücke and Albert Kindler; he subsequently went to Paris, where he studied for six months under Ernest Hébert.[3][5] He returned to Cincinnati in 1866, where received numerous portrait commissions.[2] He also created the first painting for which he received a significant degree of recognition, The Lost Cause, which he exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1868.[2] This was soon followed by the group Betsy Ross Making the First American Flag.[6]

In 1874, Mosler returned to France, having married Sara Cahn of Cincinnati in 1869.[2] He studied for three years under Carl Theodor von Piloty in Munich, where he won a medal at the Royal Academy.[5] In 1877, he moved to France. While living in Brittany, he painted The Quadroon Girl and Early Cares, both of which were accepted by the Salon of 1879.[6] His Le Retour, from the Paris Salon of 1879, was the first American painting ever bought for the Luxembourg Palace. He received a silver medal at the Salons in Paris 1889, and gold medals at Paris, 1888, and Vienna, 1893.[3]

In 1894 he moved his family to New York, opening a studio in Carnegie Hall. He served as an associate in the National Academy of Design, and continued painting well into the 20th century.[2] He died of heart failure at the age of 78.[6]

Legacy

His son, Gustave Henry Mosler, was also an artist. His other son, Arthur Rembrandt Mosler, was an engineer who married the famous soprano and voice teacher Estelle Liebling.[7][8] His granddaughter, Audrey Skirball-Kenis (née Marx), was a philanthropist in Los Angeles and founder of the Skirball Cultural Center. His great-grandson, John F. McCrindle, was an art collector and patron of artists and writers, founding the Joseph F. McCrindle Foundation to award grants to arts, music and social justice organizations.[9][10] His students included Isabelle Davis Seymour, a listed miniature portrait artist of Evanston Illinois, and Wilder M. Darling, an artist and teacher based in Toledo.[11][12]

Examples of his work are in currently in the collections of the Allentown Art Museum, the Wichita Art Museum, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Huntington Library, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the Morris Museum of Art in Augusta, the Sydney Art Museum, NSW, the Cincinnati Art Museum, the Richmond Art Museum, the art museums of Springfield, Massachusetts, and various museums in New York.

See also

References

  1. ^ Barbara C. Gilbert; Henry Mosler (1995). Henry Mosler rediscovered: a nineteenth-century American-Jewish artist. Skirball Museum / Skirball Cultural Center. ISBN 9780295976662. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mary Sayre Haverstock; Jeannette Mahoney Vance; Brian L. Meggitt; Jeffrey Weidman, eds. (April 1, 2000). Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary. Kent State University Press. pp. 618–. ISBN 978-0-87338-616-6. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mosler, Henry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 898–899.
  4. ^ Litts, Doug. "May is Jewish American Heritage Month - Henry Mosler". Smithsonian Institution Libraries Blog. Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on June 18, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Mosler, Henry" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  6. ^ a b c "Henry Mosler Dies; Famous Painter". The New York Times. April 22, 1920. p. 11. Retrieved May 19, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ Dean Fowler, Alandra (1994). Estelle Liebling: An exploration of her pedagogical principles as an extension and elaboration of the Marchesi method, including a survey of her music and editing for coloratura soprano and other voices (PhD). University of Arizona.
  8. ^ Charlotte Greenspan (2009). "Estelle Liebling: 1880 – 1970". The Encyclopedia of Jewish Women.
  9. ^ Grimes, William (July 18, 2008). "Joseph McCrindle, 85, Connoisseur of Art, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  10. ^ "Summary of the Henry Mosler papers, 1856-1929". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  11. ^ "Wilder Darling". Cincinnati Art Galleries, LLC. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  12. ^ "A standard history of Erie County, Ohio. V.01". digital.cincinnatilibrary.org. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
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Henry Mosler
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