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Harry Jenkins Sr.

Dr Harry Jenkins
18th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives
In office
22 April 1983 – 11 February 1986
Preceded bySir Billy Snedden
Succeeded byJoan Child
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Scullin
In office
25 October 1969 – 20 December 1985
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byHarry Jenkins
Personal details
Born(1925-09-24)24 September 1925
Caulfield, Victoria, Australia
Died27 July 2004(2004-07-27) (aged 78)
Epping, Victoria, Australia
Political partyLabor
Spouse
Wendy Winter
(m. 1951)
Children4, incl. Harry Jenkins
Alma materUniversity of Melbourne, Deakin University
OccupationGeneral practitioner

Henry Alfred Jenkins AM (24 September 1925 – 27 July 2004) was an Australian politician and medical doctor. He was a member of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and served in the House of Representatives from 1969 to 1985, including as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1983 to 1986. His son Harry Jenkins Jr. also served as Speaker.

Early life

Jenkins was born on 24 September 1925 in Caulfield, Victoria. He was the only surviving child of Eileen Clare (née McCormack) and Henry Alfred Jenkins; his father worked as a storeman and metal polisher.[1]

Jenkins attended state schools before completing his secondary education at Ivanhoe Grammar School. He subsequently studied medicine at the University of Melbourne, graduating Master of Science (MS) in 1948 and Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) in 1952. While studying he worked part-time as a tutor and demonstrator in the university's physiology department, and as a golf caddy. He served his residency at The Alfred Hospital and later worked as a general practitioner at Thornbury and Thomastown.[1]

Politics

At the 1961 Victorian state election, Jenkins was elected as a Labor member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly for the seat of Reservoir, where he served until 1969. In the Victorian Parliament he was Shadow Minister for Health.[2]

Jenkins then moved to the Federal Parliament. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the Division of Scullin at the 1969 election. He served as chairman of committees from August 1975 until the government's dismissal in November 1975, the shortest term on record.[3] After the dismissal of the Whitlam government, Jenkins came under pressure to stand aside from Scullin to allow the President of the ACTU, Bob Hawke, an entry into Parliament at the 1975 election; but he resisted this and Hawke was not to enter politics until 1980.[4] In May 1983, on the election of the Hawke government, Jenkins was elected Speaker of the House, a position he held until his retirement in 1985.[5] He was succeeded as member for Scullin by his son, Harry Jenkins Jr.[6] and Harry Jr. would become Speaker in 2007–11.[5]

Later life

After leaving politics, Jenkins was appointed Australian Ambassador to Spain, a post he held until 1988.[7][8][9] In 1991 he was made a Member of the Order of Australia.

Personal life

Jenkins married Hazel "Wendy" Winter in 1951. The couple had a daughter and three sons, with Harry Jr. following his father into federal parliament and also serving as Speaker. He lived with Kennedy's disease for much of his political career and died on 27 July 2004 in Epping, Victoria, at the age of 78.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Black, Joshua (2021). "Jenkins, Henry Alfred (Harry) (1925–2004)". Biographical Dictionary of the House of Representatives.
  2. ^ "Dr Henry Alfred Jenkins". Re-Member: a database of all Victorian MPs since 1851. Parliament of Victoria. Archived from the original on 23 April 2023. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  3. ^ "Appendix 3—Deputy Speakers". House of Representatives Practice (7th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  4. ^ Obituary "Labor stalwart who would not stand aside for Bob Hawke", The Age, 6 August 2004, p.9
  5. ^ a b "Appendix 2—Speakers of the House of Representatives". www.aph.gov.au. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Mr Harry Jenkins MP". Senators and Members of the Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Jenkins' job in Spain confirmed". The Canberra Times. 17 March 1986. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Opposition query on Jenkins's job". The Canberra Times. 8 January 1986. p. 7.
  9. ^ "New new man in Madrid: Harry Jenkins — taking control of a new house". The Canberra Times. 6 July 1986. p. 2.
Parliament of Australia Preceded bySir Billy Snedden Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives 1983–1986 Succeeded byJoan Child New division Member for Scullin 1969–1986 Succeeded byHarry Jenkins Jr. Diplomatic posts Preceded byD.G. Wilson Australian Ambassador to Spain 1986–1988 Succeeded byH.C. Mott
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Harry Jenkins Sr.
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