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Hajji Beg Barlas

Hajji Beg Barlas
Head of Barlas
Hajji
Beg
7th Head-Leader of the Barlas Clan
Leadership1360 – 1361
PredecessorTimur Barlas
SuccessorTimur Barlas
BornSaif al-din Barlas
Early 14th-Century
Transoxiana
Chagatai Khanate
Died1361 CE.
Chagatai Khanate
Names
Saif al-din Hajji Beg Barlas
Era dates
(14th–Centuries)
HouseBarlas
FatherBurlaki Barlas
ReligionSunni Islam
OccupationLeadership of Clan

Hajji Beg Barlas (Chagatay/Persian: حاجی بیگ برلاس; early 14th century  – 1361) was a leader of the Barlas tribe, he was the immediate predecessor in this role to his nephew Timur, who later founded the Timurid Empire, he was the great-great-grandson Qarachar Barlas his lineages tracing as Hajji Beg the son of Burlaki Barlas the son of Nemule Barlas the son of Yesunte Mongke Barlas the son of Darughachi Qarachar Barlas, Hajji Barlas was the Mongol Military Commander, he was given Hajji title of his surname because he pilgrimages to Mecca his real name "Saif al-din Barlas", and get the Beg title was given for his Chieftain or Head-Leader of Barlas Clan.

Background

Hajji Beg and Yesunte Möngke genealogical ancestry as well as linking relationship with Timur.

Hajji Beg was a member of the Barlas tribe and was descended from Qarachar Noyan through his son Yesunte Möngke his son Nemule Barlas his son Burlaki Barlas his son Hajji Barlas, Qarachar one of the Mongol Greats assigned by Genghis Khan to his son Chagatai. Hajji Beg and Timur shared a common ancestor to Qarachar, through they descended from different sons. his father Burlaki Barlas was accepted to Islam so he was born Muslim family and he later from adulthood he Pilgrimaging in Mecca for hajj, and got (title) from peoples with his name as Hajji Barlas, Taraqai Barlas who was the father of Timur and his cousin-brother is older than Hajji Beg.

Life

Hajji Beg is first mentioned in 1358 or 1359, when he participated in the overthrow of the Qara'unas ‘Abdullah, who was effectively in control of the southern Chagatai Khanate. 'Abd Allah, who had recently taken power, was young and inexperienced, and his move to Samarkand threatened Hajji Beg, whose territories were centered in the nearby city of Kish. Together with another tribal leader named Buyan Suldus, Hajji Beg removed him from power and killed his puppet khan Shah Temur. Buyan Suldus was then raised to 'Abd Allah's former position of amir.

Buyan Suldus' refusal to enforce his authority, as well as a continuing state of chaos within the Chagatai ulus, led to the Khan of Moghulistan, Tughlugh Timur, to invade in 1360. Most of the Chagatai leaders did not oppose the invasion; many of them took the opportunity to pillage each other's lands. The Yasa'ur Hajji Mahmudshah, whose tribe bordered the Barlas, decided to raid their territory with a Moghul army. Hajji Beg decided at first to resist, but seeing that the Moghuls were much stronger, he fled to Khorasan.

During his retreat, Hajji Beg was accompanied by a member of a prominent Barlas family, Timur. When they reached the Oxus River, Timur asked to return to Kish so that he could maintain order within the Barlas region. Timur's prominent standings within the Barlas and with several members of the Moghul elite, however, resulted in Tughlugh Temur's appointing him as the ruler of the Barlas region. Timur then aligned himself with tribal leaders that were hostile to Hajji Beg, eventually throwing his support behind Amir Husayn, a nephew of 'Abd Allah and the current leader of the Qara'unas. In the meantime, the Moghuls abandoned the region and headed back to Moghulistan.

Soon afterwards, Hajji Beg returned to the Chagatai ulus in an effort to regain control of the Barlas. He went to the ruler of the Jalayir, Bayazid, and together they attacked the Yasa'uri. When Timur heard of this, he moved his army in support of the Yasa'uri. The two sides met in battle, and while its outcome is disagreed upon, it caused the Barlas emirs as well as the army to defect back to Hajji Beg. As a result, Timur was constrained to submit to Hajji Beg. The Barlas and Jalayir then again attacked the Yasa'uri and defeated them; this victory secured Hajji Beg's position as leader of his tribe.

In the spring of 1361 Tughlugh Timur again invaded the ulus. Knowing that both Bayazid Jalayir and Buyan Suldus had decided to pledge their allegiance to the khan, Hajji Beg planned to do so as well. Tughlugh Timur's execution of Bayazid, however, prompted him to change his mind. He went to Kish to gather troops, and then crossed the Oxus into Khorasan, but there he was killed by a group of Turks. Tughlugh Timur then gave Timur command of Kish a second time, but he would lose it soon afterwards.

Descendants

References

  • Manz, Beatrice Forbes, The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane. Cambridge University Press, 1989, ISBN 0-521-34595-2.
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Hajji Beg Barlas
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