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Yellow-throated sparrow (Gymnoris xanthocollis)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passeridae
Genus: Gymnoris
Blyth, 1845
Type species
Fringilla flavicollis[1]
Franklin, 1831

See text

Gymnoris is a genus of passerine birds in the sparrow family Passeridae. Three species are found in Africa while the yellow-throated sparrow ranges from Turkey to India.

The genus was introduced by the English zoologist Edward Blyth in 1845 with the yellow-throated sparrow as the type species.[2][3] The name combines the Ancient Greek words gumnos "bare" or "naked" and rhinos "nostrils".[4]


There are four species recognized:[5]

Genus GymnorisBlyth, 1845 – four species
Common name Scientific name and subspecies Range Size and ecology IUCN status and estimated population
Yellow-spotted bush sparrow

Gymnoris pyrgita
(Heuglin, 1862)
the Sahel and the Horn of Africa Size:



Yellow-throated bush sparrow

Gymnoris superciliaris
Blyth, 1845
south-central and southern Africa Size:



Sahel bush sparrow

Gymnoris dentata
(Sundevall, 1850)
Africa from Mauritania to Guinea and east to Eritrea and the south-western Arabian Peninsula Size:



Yellow-throated sparrow

Gymnoris xanthocollis
(Burton, 1838)

Two subspecies
  • G. x. transfuga
  • G. x. xanthocollis'
southern Asia Size:



These species are sometimes placed in the genus Petronia.


  1. ^ "Passeridae". The Trust for Avian Systematics. Retrieved 2023-07-16.
  2. ^ Blyth, Edward (1845). "Synopsis of the Indian Fringillidae". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 13 Part 2 (156): 944–963 [948].
  3. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Christidis, L., eds. (2014). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2: Passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-9568611-2-2.
  4. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Old World sparrows, snowfinches, weavers". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
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