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Greater Montreal

Greater Montreal
Grand Montréal (French)
Map
Interactive Map of Greater Montreal[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuébec
Area
 • Total4,739.04 km2 (1,829.75 sq mi)
 • Land4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total4,291,732
 • Density1,007.85/km2 (2,610.3/sq mi)
GDP
 • Montreal CMACA$228.7 billion (2020)[4]
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code prefixes
H, J
Area code(s)438, 450, 514, 579

Greater Montreal shown in light blue, with the City of Montreal proper in dark blue.

Greater Montreal (French: Grand Montréal) is the most populous metropolitan area in Quebec and the second most populous in Canada after Greater Toronto. In 2015, Statistics Canada identified Montreal's Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) as 4,258.31 square kilometres (1,644.14 sq mi) with a population of 4,027,100,[5] almost half that of the province.

A smaller area of 3,838 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi) is governed by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM). This level of government is headed by a president (currently Montreal mayor Valérie Plante).

The inner ring is composed of densely populated municipalities located in close proximity to Downtown Montreal. It includes the entire Island of Montreal, Laval, and the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil. Due to their proximity to Montreal's downtown core, some additional suburbs on the South Shore (Brossard, Saint-Lambert, and Boucherville) are usually included in the inner ring, despite their location on the mainland.

The outer ring is composed of low-density municipalities located on the fringe of Metropolitan Montreal. Most of these cities and towns are semi-rural. Specifically, the term off-island suburbs refers to those suburbs that are located on the North Shore of the Mille-Îles River, those on the South Shore that were never included in the megacity of Longueuil, and those on the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Peninsula.

Largest cities

The largest cities in Greater Montreal[6]
Rank City Region Population (2016) Land Area Population Density
km2 mi2 /km2 /mi2
1 Montreal Montreal 1,704,694 365.13 140.98 4,662.1 12,075
2 Laval Laval 422,993 247.09 95.40 1,710.9 4,431
3 Longueuil Montérégie 239,700 115.59 44.63 2,070.9 5,364
4 Terrebonne Lanaudière 111,575 154.12 59.51 723.9 1,875
5 Brossard Montérégie 85,721 45.20 17.45 1,895.4 4,909
6 Repentigny Lanaudière 84,285 61.79 23.86 1,376.5 3,565
7 Saint-Jérôme Laurentides 74,346 90.52 34.95 822.1 2,129
8 Blainville Laurentides 56,863 55.10 21.27 1,030.9 2,670
9 Mirabel Laurentides 50,513 485.07 187.29 104.1 270
10 Dollard-des-Ormeaux Montreal 48,899 14.97 5.78 3,266.1 8,459

Cities and towns

Logo of the Montreal Metropolitan Community
Greater Montreal Territorial Evolution
Municipalities in the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC)
Area Regional county municipality Municipality In CMA In MMC
Urban agglomeration of Montreal Baie-d'Urfé Green tickY Green tickY
Beaconsfield Green tickY Green tickY
Côte Saint-Luc Green tickY Green tickY
Dollard-des-Ormeaux Green tickY Green tickY
Dorval Green tickY Green tickY
Hampstead Green tickY Green tickY
Kirkland Green tickY Green tickY
L'Île-Dorval Green tickY Green tickY
Montreal[a 1] Green tickY Green tickY
Montréal-Est Green tickY Green tickY
Montreal West Green tickY Green tickY
Mount Royal Green tickY Green tickY
Pointe-Claire Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Green tickY Green tickY
Senneville Green tickY Green tickY
Westmount Green tickY Green tickY
Laval Green tickY Green tickY
Urban agglomeration of Longueuil Boucherville Green tickY Green tickY
Brossard Green tickY Green tickY
Longueuil[a 2] Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Lambert Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Green tickY Green tickY
Laurentides Deux-Montagnes[b 1] Deux-Montagnes Green tickY Green tickY
Oka Green tickY Green tickY
Pointe-Calumet Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Eustache Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Joseph-du-Lac Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Placide Green tickY Red XN
Thérèse-De Blainville Blainville Green tickY Green tickY
Bois-des-Filion Green tickY Green tickY
Boisbriand Green tickY Green tickY
Lorraine Green tickY Green tickY
Rosemère Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Thérèse Green tickY Green tickY
[d 1] Mirabel Green tickY Green tickY
Argenteuil Gore Green tickY Red XN
La Rivière-du-Nord Saint-Colomban Green tickY Red XN
Saint-Jérôme[c 1] Green tickY Red XN
Lanaudière L'Assomption[b 1] Charlemagne Green tickY Green tickY
L'Assomption Green tickY Green tickY
L'Épiphanie Green tickY Red XN
Repentigny Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Sulpice Green tickY Green tickY
Les Moulins Mascouche Green tickY Green tickY
Terrebonne Green tickY Green tickY
Joliette Joliette

Crabtree Notre-Dame-des-Prairies Saint-Charles-Borromée

Green tickY
D'Autray Lavaltrie Green tickY Red XN
Montcalm[b 2] Saint-Lin–Laurentides Green tickY Red XN
Montérégie Beauharnois-Salaberry[b 1] Beauharnois Green tickY Green tickY
La Vallée-du-Richelieu[b 1] Beloeil Green tickY Green tickY
Carignan Green tickY Green tickY
Chambly Green tickY Green tickY
McMasterville Green tickY Green tickY
Mont-Saint-Hilaire Green tickY Green tickY
Otterburn Park Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Basile-le-Grand Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Jean-Baptiste Red XN Green tickY
Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil Green tickY Green tickY
Marguerite-D'Youville Calixa-Lavallée Red XN Green tickY
Contrecœur Red XN Green tickY
Saint-Amable Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Julie Green tickY Green tickY
Varennes Green tickY Green tickY
Verchères Green tickY Green tickY
Roussillon Candiac Green tickY Green tickY
Châteauguay Green tickY Green tickY
Delson Green tickY Green tickY
La Prairie Green tickY Green tickY
Léry Green tickY Green tickY
Mercier Green tickY Green tickY
Sainte-Catherine Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Constant Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Isidore Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Mathieu Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Philippe Green tickY Green tickY
Rouville[b 1] Richelieu Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu Green tickY Green tickY
Vaudreuil-Soulanges[b 1] Coteau-du-Lac Green tickY Red XN
Hudson Green tickY Green tickY
Les Cèdres Green tickY Green tickY
Les Coteaux Green tickY Red XN
L'Île-Cadieux Green tickY Green tickY
L'Île-Perrot Green tickY Green tickY
Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-Perrot Green tickY Green tickY
Pincourt Green tickY Green tickY
Pointe-des-Cascades Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Lazare Green tickY Green tickY
Saint-Zotique Green tickY Red XN
Terrasse-Vaudreuil Green tickY Green tickY
Vaudreuil-Dorion Green tickY Green tickY
Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac Green tickY Green tickY
Le Haut-Richelieu[b 2] Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Green tickY Red XN
  1. ^ subdivided into nineteen boroughs
  2. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Le Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.

Only a portion of the municipalities and MRC's located in geographical entities highlighted in light gray are part of the CMM/CMA.
There are 82 municipalities that are part of the MMC and 91 municipalities that are part of the CMA.
There are 79 municipalities that overlap between the two, with 3 municipalities being part of the MMC but not the CMA, and 12 municipalities being part of the CMA but not the MMC.[7][8]
Kanesatake and Kahnawake are not included in the previous counts.

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1871174,090—    
1881223,512+28.4%
1891308,169+37.9%
1901393,665+27.7%
1911594,812+51.1%
1921774,330+30.2%
19311,064,448+37.5%
19411,192,235+12.0%
19511,539,308+29.1%
19561,745,001+13.4%
19612,110,679+21.0%
19662,570,985+21.8%
19712,743,208+6.7%
19762,802,485+2.2%
19812,862,286+2.1%
19862,921,357+2.1%
19913,208,970+9.8%
19963,326,510+3.7%
20013,426,350+3.0%
20063,635,571+6.1%
20113,824,221+5.2%
20164,098,927+7.2%
20214,291,732+4.7%
[9]

Ethnicity

Panethnic groups in Metro Montreal (2001−2021)
Panethnic
group
2021[10][11] 2016[12] 2011[13] 2006[14] 2001[15]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 3,059,895 72.74% 3,070,210 76.57% 2,963,860 78.98% 2,980,280 83.05% 2,911,230 86.11%
African 340,140 8.09% 270,940 6.76% 216,310 5.76% 169,065 4.71% 139,305 4.12%
Middle Eastern[b] 285,615 6.79% 220,055 5.49% 172,345 4.59% 113,405 3.16% 79,410 2.35%
Latin American 137,850 3.28% 110,195 2.75% 98,010 2.61% 75,400 2.1% 53,155 1.57%
South Asian 121,260 2.88% 85,925 2.14% 79,540 2.12% 70,615 1.97% 57,935 1.71%
East Asian[c] 116,820 2.78% 100,265 2.5% 83,420 2.22% 79,665 2.22% 58,165 1.72%
Southeast Asian[d] 101,560 2.41% 88,755 2.21% 89,645 2.39% 68,475 1.91% 57,460 1.7%
Indigenous 46,085 1.1% 34,745 0.87% 26,285 0.7% 17,865 0.5% 11,085 0.33%
Other[e] 40,565 0.96% 28,710 0.72% 23,060 0.61% 13,755 0.38% 12,900 0.38%
Total responses 4,206,455 98.01% 4,009,795 97.83% 3,752,470 98.12% 3,588,520 98.71% 3,380,645 98.67%
Total population 4,291,732 100% 4,098,927 100% 3,824,221 100% 3,635,571 100% 3,426,350 100%
  • Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses.


Language

Mother tongue (2011)[16]
Language Greater Montreal Quebec Canada
French 65.9% 79.1% 21.4%
English 13.2% 8.9% 58.1%
Arabic 4.5% 2.1% 1.1%
Spanish 3.2% 1.8% 1.3%
Italian 2.7% 1.6% 1.3%
Creole 1.5% 0.8% 0.2%
Mandarin 1.0% 0.1% 1.8%
Greek 1.0% 0.5% 0.4%
Romanian 0.8% 0.4% 0.3%
Portuguese 0.8% 0.5% 0.7%
Russian 0.7% 0.3% 0.5%
Vietnamese 0.7% 0.4% 0.5%
Persian (Farsi) 0.6% 0.3% 0.5%
Cantonese 0.6% 0.1% 1.7%
Tagalog (Filipino) 0.5% 0.2% 1.2%
Armenian 0.4% 0.2% 0.1%
Tamil 0.4% 0.2% 0.4%
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0.3% 0.2% 1.4%
Polish 0.3% 0.2% 0.6%
Bengali 0.3% 0.1% 0.2%
German 0.3% 0.2% 1.3%
Urdu 0.3% 0.1% 0.6%
Yiddish 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Cambodian (Khmer) 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Turkish 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Gujarati 0.2% 0.1% 0.3%
Hungarian 0.2% 0.1% 0.2%
Bulgarian 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Berber (Kabyle) 0.2% 0.1% <0.1%
Unspecified Chinese <0.1% 0.1% 0.1%

Transportation

Exo operates the region's commuter rail and metropolitan bus services, and is the second busiest such system in Canada after Toronto's GO Transit. Established in June 2007, Exo's commuter rail system has six lines linking the downtown core with communities as far west as Hudson, as Far south as Mont-Saint-Hilaire, as far east as Mascouche, and as far north as Saint-Jérôme.

Along with Exo, a sister agency, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport across Greater Montreal, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. The ARTM's mandate also includes the management of reserved High-occupancy vehicle lanes, metropolitan bus terminuses, park-and-ride lots, and a budget of $163 million, which is shared amongst the transit corporations and inter-municipal public transit organizations.

The Exo/ARTM's territory spans 63 municipalities and one native reserve, 13 regional county municipalities, and 21 transit authorities. It serves a population of approximately 3.7 million people who make more than 750,000 trips daily.[citation needed]

The major transit commissions under the ARTM are:

Education

Postsecondary educational institutions in the Greater Montreal Area
Universities CEGEPs and other colleges Other schools

(In Montreal, except where otherwise noted.)

See also

Group 1
  1. ^ a b c d e f Only a portion of municipalities in the MRC are included in the MMC.
  2. ^ a b Only a portion of municipalities in the MRC are included in the CMA.
Group 2
  1. ^ classified as an equivalent territory
Group 3
  1. ^ in area served by the Réseau de transport métropolitain

Notes

  1. ^ 2001-2016: Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.

    2021: Statistic includes all persons belonging to the non-indigenous and non-visible minority “White” population group.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Canada 2021 Census. Statistics Canada. 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2024.
  2. ^ "Census Profile - Montreal Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 8 February 2017. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Statistics Canada. Table 36-10-0468-01 Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices, by census metropolitan area (CMA) (x 1,000,000)". Statistics Canada.
  5. ^ "Grand Montréal: maintenant 4 millions de personnes". journalmetro.com. 12 February 2015. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". 8 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal" (PDF).
  8. ^ "La CMM et les MRC périmétropolitaines" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Évolution de la population de Montréal, 1660 à nos jours". Ville de Montréal. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  10. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (21 September 2022). "Indigenous identity by Registered or Treaty Indian status: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  11. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (26 October 2022). "Visible minority and population group by generation status: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  12. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (27 October 2021). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  13. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (27 November 2015). "NHS Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  14. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (20 August 2019). "2006 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  15. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2 July 2019). "2001 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  16. ^ "Montréal, CMA, Quebec". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2019.

45°34′N 73°40′W / 45.56°N 73.66°W / 45.56; -73.66

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Greater Montreal
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