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List of colonial governors of Mozambique

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Map of Mozambique.
Coat of arms of Portuguese Mozambique

This is a list of European colonial administrators responsible for the territory of Portuguese Mozambique, an area equivalent to modern-day Republic of Mozambique.


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Portuguese Suzerainty
Captaincy of Sofala Under Portuguese India
September 1505 to March 1506 Pêro de Anaia, Captain-Major Died in office
March 1506 to December 1506 Manuel Fernandes de Meireles, acting Captain-Major Factor. Elected to temporarily replace Anaia
December 1506 to 8 September 1507 Nuno Vaz Pereira, Captain-Major Appointed by D. Francisco de Almeida, viceroy of India
Captaincy of Sofala and Moçambique Under Portuguese India
8 September 1507 to February 1508 Vasco Gomes de Abreu, Captain-Major Died in office
February 1508 to August 1509 Rui de Brito Patalim, acting Captain-Major  
August 1509 to 24 June 1512 António de Saldanha, Captain-Major  
24 June 1512 to June 1515 Simão de Miranda de Azevedo, Captain-Major  
June 1512 to July 1515 Sancho de Tovar, acting Captain-Major 1st Term
July 1515 to June 1518 Cristóvão de Távora, Captain-Major  
June 1518 to July 1521 Sancho de Tovar, Captain-Major 2nd Term
July 1521 to 1525 Diogo de Sepúlveda, Captain-Major  
1525 to 1528 Lopo de Almeida, Captain-Major  
1528 to 1531 António da Silveira de Meneses, Captain-Major  
1531 to 1538 Vicente Pegado, Captain-Major  
1538 to 1541 Alexio Chicorro, Captain-Major  
1541 to 1548 João de Sepúlveda, Captain-Major  
1548 to 1551 Fernão de Sousa de Távora, Captain-Major  
1551 to 1553 Diogo de Mesquita, Captain-Major  
1553 to 1557 Diogo de Sousa, Captain-Major  
1557 to 1560 Sebastião de Sá, Captain-Major  
1560 to 1564 Pantaleão de Sá, Captain-Major  
1564 to 1567 Jerónimo Barreto, Captain-Major  
1567 to 1569 Pedro Barreto Rolim, Captain-Major  
Captaincy-General of Moçambique
1569 to June 1573 Francisco Barreto, Captain-General  
June 1573 to 1577 Vasco Fernandes Homem, acting Captain-General  
1577 to 1577 Fernando Monroi, acting Captain-General  
1577 to 1577 Simão de Silveira, acting Captain-General  
1577 to 1582 Pedro de Castro, Captain-General  
1582 to 1586 Nuno Pereira, Captain-General  
1586 to 1589 Jorge Telo de Meneses, Captain-General  
1589 to 1590 Lourenço de Brito, Captain-General  
1590 to 1595 Pedro de Sousa, Captain-General  
1595 to 1598 Nuno da Cunha Ataíde, Captain-General  
1598 to 1601 Álvaro Abranches, Captain-General  
1601 to 1604 Vasco de Mascarenhas, Captain-General  
1604 to 1607 Sebastião de Macedo, Captain-General  
1607 to 1609 Estêvão de Ataíde, Captain-General  
Colony of Moçambique, Sofala, Ríos de Cuama, and Monomatapa Under Portuguese India
1609 to 1611 Nuno Álvares Pereira, Governor 1st Term
1611 to 1612 Estévão de Ataíde, Governor  
1612 to 1612 Diogo Simões de Madeira, acting Governor  
1612 to 1614 João de Azevedo, Governor  
1614 to 1618 Rui de Melo Sampaio, Governor  
1618 to 1623 Nuno Álvares Pereira, Governor 2nd Term
1623 to 1624 Lopo de Almeida, Governor  
1624 to 1627 Diogo de Sousa de Meneses, Governor 1st Term
1627 to 1631 Nuno Álvares Pereira, Governor 3rd Term
1631 to 1632 Cristóvão de Brito e Vasconcelos, acting Governor  
1632 to 1633 Diogo de Sousa de Meneses, Governor 2nd Term
1633 to 1634 Filipe de Mascarenhas, Governor  
1634 to 1639 Lourenço de Souto-Maior, Governor  
1639 to 1640 Diogo de Vasconcelos, Governor  
1640 to 1641 António de Brito Pacheco, Governor  
1641 to 1642 Francisco da Silveira, Governor  
1642 to 1646 Júlio Moniz da Silva, Governor  
1646 to 1648 Fernão Dias Baião, Governor  
1648 to 1651 Álvaro de Sousa de Távora, Governor  
1651 to 1652 Francisco de Mascarenhas, Governor  
1652 to 1657 Francisco de Lima, Governor  
1657 to 1661 Manuel Corte-Real de Sampaio, Governor  
1661 to 1664 Manuel de Mascarenhas, Governor  
1664 to 1667 António de Melo e Castro, Governor  
1667 to 1670 Inácio Sarmento de Carvalho, Governor  
1670 to 1673 João de Sousa Freire, Governor 1st Term
1673 to 1674 Simão Gomes da Silva, Governor  
1674 to 1674 André Pinto da Fonseca, Governor  
1674 to 1676 Manuel da Silva, acting Governor  
1676 to 1682 João de Sousa Freire, Governor 2nd Term
1682 to 1686 Caetano de Melo e Castro, Governor  
1686 to 1689 Miguel de Almeida, Governor  
1689 to 1692 Manuel dos Santos Pinto, Governor  
1692 to 1693 Tomé de Sousa Correia, Governor  
1693 to 1694 Francisco Correia de Mesquita, acting Governor  
1694 to 1695 Estêvão José da Costa, Governor  
1695 to 1696 Francisco da Costa, Governor  
1696 to 1699 Luís de Melo Sampaio, Governor  
1699 to 1703 Jácome de Morais Sarmento, Governor  
1703 to 1706 João Fernandes de Almeida, Governor 1st Term
1706 to 1708 Luís de Brito Freire, Governor  
1708 to 1712 Luís Gonçalves da Câmara, Governor  
1712 to 1714 João Fernandes de Almeida, Governor 2nd Term
1714 to 1716 Francisco de Mascarenhas, Governor  
1716 to 1719 Francisco de Souto-Maior, Governor  
1719 to 1722 Francisco de Alarcão e Souto-Maior, Governor  
1722 to 1723 Álvaro Caetano de Melo e Castro, Governor  
1723 to 1726 António João Sequeira e Faria, Governor  
1726 to 1730 António Cardim Fróis, Governor  
1730 to 1733 António Casco de Melo, Governor  
1733 to 1736 José Barbosa Leal, Governor  
1736 to 1740 Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida, Governor  
1740 to 1743 Lourenço de Noronha, Governor  
1743 to 1746 Pedro do Rêgo Barreto da Gama e Castro, Governor  
1746 to 1750 Caetano Correia da Sá, Governor  
1750 to 1752 Francisco de Melo e Castro, Governor  
Colony of Moçambique, the Zambezi and Sofala
1752 to March 1758 Francisco de Melo e Castro, Governor  
March 1758 to April 1758 João Manuel de Melo, Governor  
April 1758 to 28 May 1759 David Marques Pereira, Governor  
28 May 1759 to January 1763 Pedro de Saldanha e Albuquerque, Governor 1st Term
6 January 1763 to 1765 João Pereira da Silva Barba, Governor  
1765 to June 1779 Baltasar Manuel Pereira do Lago, Governor  
June 1779 to 1780 Provisional Administration  
1780 to 1781 José de Vasconcelos e Almeida, Governor  
1781 to 4 January 1782 Vicente Caetano da Maria e Vasconcelos, acting Governor  
4 January 1782 to 21 August 1782 Pedro de Saldanha e Albuquerque, Governor 2nd Term
21 August 1782 to 1786 Provisional Administration  
1786 to 1793 António de Melo e Castro, Governor  
1793 to 1797 Diogo de Sousa Coutinho, Governor  
1797 to September 1801 Francisco Guedes de Carvalho Meneses da Costa, Governor  
September 1801 to August 1805 Isidro de Sousa e Sá, Governor  
August 1805 to December 1807 Francisco de Paula de Albuquerque do Amaral Cardoso, Governor  
December 1807 to 14 August 1809 Provisional Administration  
14 August 1809 to August 1812 António Manuel de Melo e Castro de Mendonça, Governor  
August 1812 to February 1817 Marcos Caetano de Abreu e Meneses, Governor  
February 1817 to September 1818 José Francisco de Paula Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Governor  
September 1818 to November 1819 Provisional Administration  
November 1819 to June 1821 João da Costa M. Brito-Sanches, Governor  
June 1821 to June 1824 Provisional Administration  
June 1824 to January 1825 João Manuel da Silva, Governor  
January 1825 to August 1829 Sebastião Xavier Botelho, Governor  
August 1829 to January 1832 Paulo José Miguel de Brito, Governor  
January 1832 to March 1834 Provisional Administration  
March 1834 to March 1836 José Gregório Pegado, Governor  
Moçambique Colony/Portuguese East Africa
March 1836 to March 1837 Provisional Administration  
March 1837 to October 1837 António José de Melo, Governor-General  
October 1837 to March 1838 João Carlos Augusto de Oeynhausen e Gravenburg, marquês de Aracaty, Governor-General  
March 1838 to 25 March 1840 Juiz A. de Ramalho de Sá, President of Governing Council  
25 March 1840 to May 1841 Joaquim Pereira Marinho, Governor-General  
May 1841 to 15 February 1843 João da Costa Xavier, Governor-General  
15 February 1843 to May 1847 Rodrigo Luciano de Abreu e Lima, Governor-General  
May 1847 to October 1851 Domingos Fortunato de Vale, Governor-General  
October 1851 to April 1854 Joaquim Pinto de Magalhães, Governor-General  
April 1854 to September 1857 Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses, acting Governor-General  
September 1857 to February 1864 João Tavares d'Almeida, Governor-General  
February 1864 to April 1864 Cândido M. Montes, President of Governing Council  
April 1864 to October 1867 M. António do Canto e Castro, Governor-General  
October 1867 to September 1868 António Augusto de Almeida Portugal Correia de Lacerda, Governor-General  
September 1868 to February 1869 M. N. P. de Ataíde e Azevedo, President of Governing Council  
February 1869 to April 1869 António Tavares de Almeida, Governor-General  
April 1869 to December 1869 Fernão da Costa Leal, Governor-General  
December 1869 to June 1870 Juiz E. K. da Fonseca e Gouveia, President of Governing Council  
June 1870 to August 1870 Inácio A. Alves, acting Governor-General  
August 1870 to December 1873 José Rodrigues Coelho do Amaral, Governor-General  
December 1873 to August 1874 Juiz J. M. Crispiniano da Fonseca, President of Governing Council  
August 1874 to December 1877 José Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses, Governor-General  
December 1877 to January 1880 Francisco Maria da Cunha, Governor-General  
January 1880 to August 1881 Augusto César Rodrigues Sarmento, acting Governor-General  
August 1881 to February 1882 Carlos Eugénio Correia da Silva, visconde de Paço d'Arcos, Governor-General  
February 1882 to April 1882 J. d'Almeida d'Avila, acting Governor-General  
April 1882 to April 1885 Agostinho Coelho, Governor-General  
April 1885 to July 1885 D. Henrique Real da Silva, President of Governing Council  
July 1885 to March 1889 Augusto Vidal de Castilho Barreto e Noronha, Governor-General  
March 1889 to July 1889 José Joaquim d'Almeida, acting Governor-General  
July 1889 to July 1890 José António de Brissac das Neves Ferreira, Governor-General  
July 1890 to 2 July 1891 Joaquim José Machado, Governor-General 1st Term
2 July 1891 to May 1893 Raphael Jácome Lopes de Andrade, Governor-General  
May 1893 to 13 January 1894 Francisco Teixeira da Silva, Governor-General  
January 1894 to July 1894 J. Correia e Lança, acting Governor-General 1st Term
July 1894 to January 1895 Fernão de Magalhães e Meneses, Governor-General  
January 1895 to December 1895 António José Enes -Commissioner, Governor-General  
January 1896 to March 1896 J. Correia e Lança, acting Governor-General 2nd Term
March 1896 to November 1897 Joaquim Mousinho de Albuquerque, Governor-General  
November 1897 to August 1898 Baltasar Freire Cabral, acting Governor-General  
August 1898 to December 1898 Carlos Alberto Schultz Xavier, Governor-General  
December 1898 to March 1900 Álvaro António Ferreira, Governor-General  
March 1900 to May 1900 Júlio José, marqués da Costa, Governor-General  
May 1900 to October 1900 Joaquim José Machado, Governor-General 2nd Term
October 1900 to December 1902 Manuel Rafael Gorjão, Governor-General  
December 1902 to February 1905 Tomás António Garcia Rosado, Governor-General  
February 1905 to October 1906 João António de Azevedo Coutinho Fragoso de Sequeira, Governor-General  
October 1906 to November 1910 Alfredo Augusto Freire de Andrade, Governor-General  
November 1910 to May 1911 José de Freitas Ribeiro, acting Governor-General  
May 1911 to February 1912 José Francisco de Azevedo e Silva, Governor-General  
February 1912 to March 1913 Alfredo Afonso Meneses de Magalhães, Governor-General  
March 1913 to April 1914 Augusto Ferreira dos Santos, Governor-General  
April 1914 to May 1915 Joaquim José Machado, Governor-General 3rd Term
May 1915 to October 1915 Alfredo Baptista Coelho, Governor-General  
October 1915 to April 1918 Álvaro Xavier de Castro, Governor-General  
April 1918 to April 1919 Pedro Francisco Massano do Amorim, Governor-General  
April 1919 to March 1921 Manuel Juiz Moreira da Fonseca, acting Governor-General 1st Term
March 1921 to September 1923 Manuel de Brito Camacho, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
September 1923 to November 1924 Manuel Juiz Moreira da Fonseca, acting High Commissioner and Governor-General 2nd Term
November 1924 to May 1926 Víctor Hugo de Azevedo Coutinho, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
May 1926 to November 1926 Artur Ivens Ferraz, acting High Commissioner and Governor-General  
November 1926 to April 1938 José Ricardo Pereira Cabral, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
April 1938 to 1941 José Nicolau Nunes de Oliveira, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1941 to 1946 João Tristão de Bettencourt, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
May 1947 to December 1948 Luís de Sousa e Vasconcelos e Funchal, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
December 1948 to 11 June 1951 Gabriel Mauricio Teixeira, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
Mozambique Overseas Province of Portugal
11 June 1951 to 1958 Gabriel Maurício Teixeira, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1958 to 1961 Pedro Correia de Barros, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1961 to 1964 Manuel Maria Sarmento Rodrigues, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1964 to 1968 José Augusto da Costa Almeida, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
12 July 1968 to 1970 Baltazar Rebelo de Sousa, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1970 to 1972 Eduardo Arantes e Oliveira, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
1972 to 27 April 1974 Manuel Pimentel Pereira dos Santos, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
27 April 1974 to 11 June 1974 David Teixeira Ferreira, acting High Commissioner and Governor-General  
11 June 1974 to 17 August 1974 Henrique Soares de Melo, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
19 August 1974 to 12 September 1974 Jorge Ferro Ribeiro, acting High Commissioner and Governor-General  
12 September 1974 to 25 June 1975 Vítor Crespo, High Commissioner and Governor-General  
25 June 1975 Independence as People's Republic of Mozambique

For continuation after independence, see: List of presidents of Mozambique

See also


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List of colonial governors of Mozambique
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