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Gerhard Ludwig Müller

Gerhard Ludwig Müller
Cardinal-Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Cardinal Müller, circa 2023
ChurchSant'Agnese in Agone
Appointed2 July 2012
Term ended1 July 2017
PredecessorWilliam Levada
SuccessorLuis Ladaria Ferrer
Other post(s)Cardinal-Deacon of Sant’Agnese in Agone
Ordination11 February 1978
by Hermann Volk
Consecration24 November 2002
by Friedrich Wetter
Created cardinal22 February 2014
by Pope Francis
Personal details
Born (1947-12-31) 31 December 1947 (age 76)
Mainz, Germany
Previous post(s)Bishop of Regensburg (2002–12)
MottoDominus Jesus
(Jesus the Lord), Romans 10:9
Coat of armsGerhard Ludwig Müller's coat of arms
Ordination history of
Gerhard Ludwig Müller
Priestly ordination
Date11 February 1978
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorFriedrich Wetter
Date24 November 2002
Elevated byPope Francis
Date22 February 2014
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Gerhard Ludwig Müller as principal consecrator
Reinhard Pappenberger25 March 2007
Steven J. Lopes2 February 2016
Styles of
Gerhard Ludwig Müller
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Gerhard Ludwig Müller (pronounced [ˈɡeːɐ̯haʁt ˈluːtvɪç ˈmʏlɐ]; born 31 December 1947) is a German cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as the Cardinal-Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) from his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI in 2012 until 2017. Pope Francis elevated him to the rank of cardinal in 2014.

Early life

Gerhard Ludwig Müller was born in Finthen, a borough of Mainz, then in West Germany. After graduating from Willigis Episcopal High School in Mainz, he studied philosophy and theology in Mainz, Munich and Freiburg, Germany. In 1977, he received his Doctorate of Divinity under Karl Cardinal Lehmann for his thesis on the Protestant theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer and a second doctorate in theology, qualifying him for a chair in 1985, also under Lehmann on the theology of the "communion of saints."[1]

Priestly ministry

Müller was ordained as a priest of the Diocese of Mainz, Germany, on 11 February 1978 by Cardinal Hermann Volk. He then served as a pastor of three parishes. In 1986, Müller was appointed to the chair of dogmatic theology of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he remains an honorary professor.[2]


Pope John Paul II appointed him as Bishop of Regensburg, Germany, on 1 October 2002. He was ordained to the episcopacy on 24 November 2002, with Friedrich Wetter serving as the principal consecrator; his principal co-consecrators included Karl Lehmann, Vinzenz Guggenberger, and Manfred Müller. Gerhard Ludwig Müller elected "Dominus Iesus" ("Jesus is Lord") as his episcopal motto, which is derived from Romans 10:9.[3]

On 20 December 2007, Pope Benedict XVI reappointed Müller for another five years as a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF). On 17 January 2009, he was also appointed as a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture.[4] On 12 June 2012, Müller was appointed as a member of the Congregation for Catholic Education for a renewable term of five years[5] and was also appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

In the Conference of German Bishops, Müller was Chairman of the Ecumenical Commission, Deputy Chairman of the Commission of the Doctrine of the Faith, and a member of the World Church Commission. He was also Vice Chairman of the Association of Christian Churches in Germany (ACK) and the first President of the Society for the Promotion of Eastern Church Institute in Regensburg, Germany.

As a personal friend of Pope Benedict XVI, he was mandated to prepare the publication of the Opera Omnia, i.e., a series of books that will collect in a single edition all of Pope Benedict's writings.[6] Müller has written more than 400 works on dogmatic theology, ecumenism, revelation, hermeneutics, the presbytery, and the diaconate.[7]

Curial service

On 2 July 2012, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Müller to a five-year term as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and made him an archbishop as well.[8] He became ex officio the President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, the International Theological Commission, and the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei.[9]

Müller said he hoped to halt the "growing polarization between traditionalists and progressives [which] is threatening the unity of the Church and generating strong tensions among its members".[10] He continued by commenting on "traditionalists against progressives or whatever you would call them. This must be overcome[;] we need to find a new and fundamental unity in the Church and individual countries. Unity in Christ, not a unity produced according to a program and later invoked by a partisan speaker. We are not a community of people aligned to a party program, or a community of scientific research[;] our unity is gifted to us. We believe in the one Church united in Christ."

In an interview published on 1 February 2015, Müller objected to the criticism of the church for its mishandling of clerical sexual abuse cases and for its continued condemnation of contraception, same-sex marriage, and declared incapacity to ordain women. He said "Targeted discreditation campaigns against the Catholic Church in North America and also here in Europe have led to clerics in some areas being insulted in public. An artificially created fury is growing here which sometimes reminds one of a pogrom sentiment." His remarks were denounced by a variety of German politicians.[11]

On 24 November 2012 he was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts.[12] In November 2012, Müller said that traditionalist and progressive camps that see the Second Vatican Council as breaking with the truth both espouse a "heretical interpretation" of the council and its objectives. What Pope Benedict XVI had described as "the hermeneutic of reform, of renewal in continuity" is, for Müller, the "only possible interpretation according to the principles of Catholic theology."[13]

On 19 February 2014, Müller was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.[14]

In 2015, Müller described how he viewed the role of the CDF when the pope was not a theologian as Pope Benedict XVI had been. He said: "The arrival of a theologian like Benedict XVI in the chair of St. Peter was no doubt an exception. ...Pope Francis is also more pastoral and our mission at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is to provide the theological structure of a pontificate."[15] Andrea Tornielli of Vatican Insider criticized Muller for inventing a new role not found in the statutes defining the CDF's role, adding that Muller was making far more public pronouncements than his predecessors were accustomed to.[16][17]

On 1 July 2017, Pope Francis named Luis Ladaria Ferrer to succeed Müller as Cardinal-Prefect of the CDF.[18][19] Müller chose to retire rather than accept another Curial position.[20][21]

Müller criticised the way Pope Francis dismissed him as head of the CDF, calling it "unacceptable". He said that on the last working day of his five-year term, Pope Francis informed him "within a minute" that he would not be reappointed to another term. "He did not give a reason. Just as he gave no reason for dismissing three highly competent members of the CDF a few months earlier."[22] Later that month a report commissioned by the Diocese of Regensburg sharply criticized Müller's handling while bishop there of cases of sexual abuse by priests.[23][24]

In the context of Pope Francis' encyclical Amoris laetitia and its allowance of divorced Catholics receiving Communion, Müller criticized Francis' papacy, and Latin American theology in general, for lacking theological rigour.[25]


On 22 February 2014, Pope Francis made him Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Agnese in Agone.[26]

Pope Francis named him a member of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura on 21 June 2021.[27]


Amoris laetitia

Following the publication of the post-synodal apostolic exhortation Amoris laetitia of Pope Francis, Müller stated that the Pope did not need to be corrected for false doctrine. Interviewed on 9 January 2017, Müller said that Amoris laetitia was "very clear" in its teaching. Müller said that Pope Francis asks priests

to discern the situation of these persons living in an irregular union – that is, not in accordance with the doctrine of the church on marriage – and asks for help for these people to find a path for a new integration into the church according to the condition of the sacraments [and] the Christian message on matrimony.

He said that in Amoris laetitia he "do[es] not see any opposition: On one side we have the clear doctrine on matrimony, and on the other the obligation of the church to care for these people in difficulty."[28] However, in a second interview, Müller was asked whether the teaching reaffirmed in Familiaris consortio of Pope John Paul II, which linked the Eucharist to marriage, remains valid. Pope John Paul II stated that the divorced and civilly remarried were proscribed from the reception of Holy Communion, except possibly when they determine to live "in complete continence". Müller said of this condition that, "Of course, it is not dispensable, because it is not only a positive law of John Paul II, but he expressed an essential element of Christian moral theology and the theology of the sacraments." Müller also stated that "Amoris Laetitia must clearly be interpreted in the light of the whole doctrine of the Church." He has further stated that "I don’t like it[;] it is not right that so many bishops are interpreting Amoris Laetitia according to their way of understanding the Pope's teaching. This does not keep to the line of Catholic doctrine."[29]


Müller has criticized politicians who support abortion rights, including President Joe Biden.[30] He has stated that "To demand abortion as a human right cannot be surpassed in its inhuman cynicism."[31]

Doctrinal immutability

Müller has defended the immutability of Catholic doctrine from the attempt to adapt it to contemporary lifestyles, which attempt might be described as aggiornamento. He stated that such an approach introduces subjectivism and arbitrariness. In an interview with Die Tagespost, he claimed that placing "lived realities" on the same level as scripture and tradition is "nothing more than the introduction of subjectivism and arbitrariness, wrapped up in sentimental and smug religious terminology." His comments have been interpreted as criticism of the "shadow council" when bishops and experts from Germany, France, and Switzerland met in Rome to discuss how the church could adapt its pastoral approach to contemporary culture, especially contemporary opinions of human sexuality.[32]

Liberation theology

In an interview by the German daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , Müller said that Pope Francis "is not so much a liberation theologian in the academic sense but, as far as pastoral work is concerned, he has close ties with liberation theology's concerns. What we can learn from him is the insight that there is no pastoral work without profound theology and vice versa." In the 1980s, the CDF under Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger attacked certain forms of liberation theology as borrowing "from various currents of Marxist thought." But during a visit to Peru in 1988, then-professor Müller discussed it with his friend and teacher Gustavo Gutiérrez, regarded as the "father" of Latin American liberation theology, who convinced him of its orthodoxy. Müller explained that liberation theology focused on orthopraxis, "the correct way of acting in a Christian fashion since it comes from true faith,"[6] congruent with the Gospel for the Poor, i. e., "for those on the periphery", to borrow the terminology that Pope Francis has repeatedly used.[33] Müller said: "How can we speak of the love and mercy of God in face of the suffering of so many people who don't have food, water, health care, who don't know how to offer a future to their children. ...This is possible only if we are also willing to be with the people, to accept them as brothers and sisters, without paternalism from on high."[34]

In a October 2023 article for First Things, Müller re-examined Pope Benedict XVI's relationship with liberation theology, arguing that the Church does not reject the goal of liberation, nor a concern for material conditions. He went on arguing that the Holy See condemned liberation theology only as long as it borrowed elements from Marxist and utopian philosophy, while affirming liberation theology to the extent that it sought to help the poor.[35]

Pachamama affair

Following the 2019 Pachamama affair, Cardinal Müller broke with Pope Francis and defended the assailants who threw a statue of Pachamama into a river. He stated that "The great mistake was to bring the idols into the church, not to put them out."[36][37]

Protestant churches

In a speech in October 2011, while quoting Unitatis Redintegratio of the Second Vatican Council regarding ecumenism, Müller stated that "the Catholic Magisterium is far from denying an ecclesial character or an ecclesial existence to 'the separated Churches and Ecclesial Communities of the West'."[38]

Traditionis custodes

Cardinal Müller has been critical of Traditionis custodes, the motu proprio apostolic letter issued by Pope Francis restricting the use of the Tridentine Mass; having authored an analysis of the letter for the online publication The Catholic Thing. Müller has criticised the letter as "harsh" and contrasted the efforts of the Pope to curtail traditionalist Catholics with his response to the German Synodal Path writing, "Instead of appreciating the smell of the sheep, the shepherd here hits them hard with his crook." He also contrasted the suppression of the Tridentine Mass with the supposed introduction of pagan elements within the liturgy at the Amazon Synod held in 2019: "The paganization of the Catholic liturgy […] through the mythologization of nature, the idolatry of environment and climate, as well as the Pachamama spectacle, were rather counterproductive for the restoration and renewal of a dignified and orthodox liturgy reflective of the fulness of the Catholic faith." Müller was also critical of the elements of the document that seek to ascertain the assent of traditionalist Catholics to the legitimacy of the Second Vatican Council, despite the fact that many teachings of the Council are "being heretically denied in open contradiction to Vatican II by a majority of [non-traditionalist] German bishops and lay functionaries (even if disguised under pastoral phrases)."[39]

US Leadership Conference of Women Religious

In 2012, Müller and the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith initiated an investigation of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious. The member congregations of the Conference were ordered to review their statutes and reassess their plans and programs.[40][41] The investigation was controversial, and was terminated by Pope Francis in April 2015, who "shrewdly let the nuns' case fade from his agenda".[42][43] The investigation embittered many American Catholics[who?] "against what they perceive[d] as heavy-handed tactics by Rome against U.S. sisters who provide critical health care, education and other services for the poor."[44]

Criticism of the Synod on Synodality

On 7 October 2022 interview to EWTN, Müller harshly criticized the concurrent Synod of Bishops, describing it as an "occupation of the Catholic Church" and a "hostile takeover of the Church of Jesus Christ", whose supporters want the "destruction of the Catholic Church", inviting Catholics to resist such process. In the same interview, he criticized Pope Francis for failing to defend Cardinal Joseph Zen from persecution by Chinese authority.[45]

Criticism of Pope Francis

On 27 October 2023 Müller wrote an opinion piece on the ecumenical religious journal First Things, stating that "to teach contrary to the apostolic faith would automatically deprive the pope of his office", quoting the 16th-century Cardinal Robert Bellarmine in support and arguing that "We must all pray and work courageously to spare the Church such an ordeal".[46]

In a November 7, 2023 interview to LifeSiteNews, stated that Pope Francis "has already uttered plenty of material heresies", but argued that he had not ceased to be the Pope, since formal heresy could only be deemed so by the church and thus by the Pope himself. In the same interview, he also accused Cardinal Víctor Manuel Fernández, recently appointed head of the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith, of material heresy.[47]

Manifesto of Faith

In February 2019, Müller issued a "Manifesto of Faith" to Catholic media outlets. It is viewed as critical of some aspects of Pope Francis Papacy. For the most part the manifesto represents a re-stating of the church teachings, such as celibacy for priests and the church's lack of authority to ordain women to the priesthood. One section appeared to repudiate Pope Francis's effort to open, in some cases, communion to divorced and remarried Catholics.[48]

Clerical sexual abuse

In 2012, Survivors Network for those Abused by Priests criticized Müller's appointment to the CDF because he had reinstated Peter Kramer in parish ministry after Kramer was convicted in 2000 of sexually abusing children. Kramer had completed court-ordered therapy. Müller did not inform those in Kramer's new parish of his past history.[49] Müller had apologized in 2007 for mishandling the case.[50]

In 2016, Fritz Wallner, a former chair of the lay diocesan council in Regensburg, Germany, alleged that Müller as Bishop of Regensburg had "systematically" thwarted the investigation of abuse in the "Regensburger Domspatzen" boys' choir. Georg Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI's brother, led the choir from 1964 to 1994. Müller insisted that neither the church nor its bishops were responsible for abusers. In February 2012, he said that "if a schoolteacher abuses a child, it is not the school nor the Ministry of Education that are to blame." He maintained that only the perpetrator is guilty.[51] In 2016, a commission of 12 members was instituted to address the history of abuse and its cover-up in the boys' choir, a move critics viewed as long overdue. Wallner called for the church to purge any person associated with Müller, who had overseen the church's response to the allegations.[52] In July 2017, a comprehensive report commissioned by the Diocese of Regensburg on abuse at the boys choirs said that Müller had "clear responsibility for the strategic, organizational and communicative weaknesses" of the church's response when the abuses were first reported.[23][24]

Müller was included in a suit in France for his handling of the case of Cardinal Philippe Barbarin, Archbishop of Lyon.[53] Barbarin was eventually acquitted in June 2020.[54]





See also


  1. ^ "Biographie von Bischof Gerhard Ludwig Müller". Archived from the original on 23 October 2021. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  2. ^ Gerhard Ludwig Müller Archived 29 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine on the site of the Diocese of Regensburg.
  3. ^ "Profile of Bishop Gerhard Ludwig Müller". Archived from the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  4. ^ RINUNCE E NOMINE, 17 January 2009[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Welcome to nginx!". Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  6. ^ a b Vatican Insider: "A Liberation Theologian in the Holy Office?" 15 October 2011. Archived 28 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Biography of Cardinal Gerhard Müller". Archived from the original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  8. ^ Donadio, Rachel (2 July 2012). "Pope Names German Bishop as Leader of Doctrinal Office". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 02.07.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Press Office of the Holy See. 2 July 2012. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Vatican: CDF head on importance of Church unity". Vatican Radio. 18 September 2012. Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Top Vatican Cleric Criticized for 'Pogrom' Remark". Der Spiegel. 4 February 2013. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Welcome to nginx!". Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  13. ^ "'Reading Vatican II as Break with Tradition Is Heresy', Prefect says". Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 19.02.2014" (Press release) (in Italian). Press Office of the Holy See. 19 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  15. ^ Lieven, Samuel; Seneze, Nicolas (31 March 2015). "Cardinal Muller says no to second marriage without annulment". La Croix International. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  16. ^ Tornielli, Andrea (7 April 2015). "Müller suggests new task for Congregation for Doctrine of Faith". La Stampa. Archived from the original on 28 April 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  17. ^ Gallicho, Grant (29 March 2015). "Cardinal Müller discovers new role for CDF under Francis". Commonweal Magazine. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
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  21. ^ Richert, Scott P. (12 July 2017). "Rome roiled by recent scandals, conflicts". Our Sunday Visitor. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
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  27. ^ CNA. "Cardinal Tobin appointed member of Vatican's highest court". Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 21 June 2021. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Vatican doctrinal chief: 'No need to correct Pope Francis on divorce' -". 9 January 2017. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  29. ^ "Cardinal Müller: Communion for the remarried is against God's law -". 1 February 2017. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
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  31. ^ Rillenger, Lothar Christian (9 April 2022). "Cardinal Müller: "Demanding abortion as a human right is unsurpassable in its cynicism"". Catholic World Report.
  32. ^ "Cardinal Müller Warns Against Adapting the Church to Today's Often Pagan Lifestyles". Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  33. ^ "CDF Head: Pope Francis Has Close Ties with Liberation Theology Movement Called into Question by John Paul II", The Tablet, UK, archived from the original on 5 May 2014, retrieved 4 May 2014
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  35. ^ Müller, Gerhard (1 March 2023). "Ratzinger and the Liberation Theologians". First Things.
  36. ^ "Pope Francis's apology over Amazon statues theft". BBC News. 25 October 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  37. ^ "The Guardian view on 'pagan idols' in the Vatican: church culture wars should concern us all". The Guardian. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  38. ^ "Speech by Bishop Müller (in German)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  39. ^ CNA. "Cardinal Müller critiques Pope Francis' 'harsh' response to extraordinary form, compared to German Synodal Way". Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 20 July 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  40. ^ "US Catholic Nuns Criticised in Vatican Report on LCWR", BBC News, 15 April 2013 Archived 3 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith Concludes Mandate Regarding LCWR". Silver Spring, Maryland, US: Leadership Conference of Women Religious. 13 April 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  42. ^ The Editorial Board (17 April 2015). "Opinion | Pope Stops Investigating the Good Sisters". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  43. ^ "Archbishop Sartain stresses dedication to addressing religious sisters' issues". Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  44. ^ Gerhard Ludwig Mueller Tapped by Pope to Head Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Archived 18 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine The Huffington Post, 2 July 2015
  45. ^ Arroyo, Raymond (7 October 2022). "Cardinal Müller on Synod on Synodality: 'A Hostile Takeover of the Church of Jesus Christ … We Must Resist'". National Catholic Register.
  46. ^ Müller, Gerhard (27 October 2023). "The Church Is Not a Democracy". First Things.
  47. ^ Flanders, T. S. (7 November 2023). "UPDATED: Pope Has "Uttered Plenty of Material Heresies": Former Vatican Doctrinal Head". OnePeterFive.
  48. ^ Pullella, Philip (10 February 2019). "Sacked cardinal issues manifesto in thinly veiled attack on Pope Francis". Reuters. Archived from the original on 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  49. ^ Latza Nadeau, Barbie (4 July 2012). "Pope Benedict XVI Appoints Catholic Church's New Top Cop". Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 30 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
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  51. ^ Pongratz-Lippitt, Christa (29 January 2016). "Former Diocesan Leader Alleges Muller Thwarted Investigation of Choir Boy Abuse". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  52. ^ Eddy, Melissa (6 February 2016). "Church Confronts Abuse Scandal at a Famed German Choir". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 19 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  53. ^ Sauvaget, Bernadette (4 March 2016). "Une plainte contre le cardinal Barbarin et le Vatican" (in French). Libération. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  54. ^ Breeden, Aurelien (30 January 2020). "French Cardinal Acquitted of Abuse Cover-Up on Appeal". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 12 July 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  55. ^ "His Excellency the Most Reverend Gerhard Ludwig Müller, Bishop of Regensburg". 18 July 2011. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.

Media related to Gerhard Ludwig Müller at Wikimedia Commons

Catholic Church titles Preceded byManfred Müller Bishop of Regensburg 2002–2012 Succeeded byRudolf Voderholzer Preceded byWilliam Levada Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith 2012–2017 Succeeded byLuis Ladaria Ferrer President of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei 2012–2017 President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission 2012–2017 President of the International Theological Commission 2012–2017 Preceded byLorenzo Antonetti Cardinal Deacon of Sant'Agnese in Agone 2014–present Incumbent
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Gerhard Ludwig Müller
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