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Red spurfowl
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Genus: Galloperdix
Blyth, 1845
Type species
Tetrao spadiceus (red spurfowl)

See text

Galloperdix is a genus of three species of bird in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. These terrestrial birds are restricted to the Indian Subcontinent, with the red spurfowl and painted spurfowl in forest and scrub in India, and the Sri Lanka spurfowl in forests of Sri Lanka. They share the common name "spurfowl" with the members of the genus Pternistis which are widely distributed in Africa.[1]

Egg, Collection Museum Wiesbaden


The genus Galloperdix was introduced in 1845 by the English zoologist Edward Blyth to accommodate a single species, the red spurfowl, which is therefore the type species.[2][3][4] The genus name combines the Latin word gallus for a "farmyard cock" with perdix meaning "partridge".[5]

The genus Galloperdix is sister to the genus Polyplectron[6] and together they form a clade that is sister to Haematortyx.[7][8]

The genus contains three species:[1]


  1. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Pheasants, partridges, francolins". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  2. ^ Blyth, Edward (1845). "On the Leiotrichane Birds of the Subhemalayas by B.H. Hodgson, Esq.: with some additions and annotations, — a Synopsis of the Indian Pari, — and of the Indian Fringillidae, By E. Blyth". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 13, Part 2 (156): 933-944 [936 note]. Although the title page is dated 1844, the article was not published until 1845.
  3. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1934). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 106.
  4. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Remsen, J.V. Jr., eds. (2013). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1: Non-passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-9568611-0-8.
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  6. ^ Simmons, Mark P.; Gatesy, John (2021). "Collapsing dubiously resolved gene-tree branches in phylogenomic coalescent analyses". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 158: 107092. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107092.
  7. ^ Sun, K; Meiklejohn, K. A; Faircloth, B. C; Glenn, T. C; Braun, E. L; Kimball, R. T (2014). "The evolution of peafowl and other taxa with ocelli (eyespots): A phylogenomic approach" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281 (1790): 20140823. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0823. PMC 4123699. PMID 25030982.
  8. ^ Kimball, R.T.; Hosner, P.A.; Braun, E.L. (2021). "A phylogenomic supermatrix of Galliformes (Landfowl) reveals biased branch lengths". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 158: 107091. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107091. PMID 33545275. S2CID 231963063.

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