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Frente de Todos

Everyone's Front
Frente de Todos
AbbreviationFdT
LeadersAlberto Fernández
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Founded12 June 2019; 4 years ago (2019-06-12)[1]
Dissolved14 June 2023; 10 months ago (2023-06-14)
Preceded byCitizen's Unity[2]
Succeeded byUnion for the Homeland
HeadquartersRiobamba 460 2.º A, Buenos Aires
Ideology
Political positionCentre-left[30][31] to left-wing[32][15][33]
Website
www.frentedetodos.org

The Frente de Todos (translated as "Everyone's Front") was a centre-left political coalition[34][9] political parties in Argentina formed to support President Alberto Fernández and Vice President Cristina Kirchner.

Fernández won the 2019 general election with over 48% of the vote, defeating incumbent Mauricio Macri in the first round.[35] The coalition currently holds a minority in both the Argentine Senate and the Chamber of Deputies; in both houses it is conformed as a unified bloc.[36] It was replaced by Unión por la Patria in June 2023, in order to compete in the general election on October of that year.[37]

Ideology

The Frente de Todos is a coalition that seeks to create a union of all sectors of Peronism (including Kirchnerism), progressivism and social democracy, including centrist political parties, centre-left and left-wing, in order to avoid the continuation of the Mauricio Macri presidency.[38][39]

The front has the support of the most of the labor unions, such as the General Confederation of Labour (CGT) and the Argentine Workers' Central Union (CTA),[40][41] as well as many social organizations known as piqueteros.[42]

History

After former Vice President Daniel Scioli's defeat in the 2015 general election and the subsequent fragmentation of Peronism, former President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner created a new movement, called Citizen's Unity, which sought to win a majority in Congress and defeat the ruling Cambiemos coalition. However, in the 2017 legislative election, Citizen's Unity only came second with 25.21% of the votes.

On 12 June 2019, the Peronist Front for All coalition was announced through a video that was posted on the official social media accounts of Alberto Fernández and Cristina Kirchner.[43]

In the primary elections of 11 August 2019, the coalition won with 49.49% compared to 32.94% for Juntos por el Cambio. Again in the 27 October elections, Alberto Fernandez won, with 48.24%, compared to 40.28% for Juntos por el Cambio.

On 10 December 2019, with a huge march in favor of the new government, Alberto Fernández and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, sworn-in in as President and Vice President of Argentina. At nightfall, in the Casa Rosada, the assumption of the new president was celebrated with dances, lights, fireworks and speeches.

2021 post-electoral crisis

The coalition suffered a severe internal crisis after the holding of the primaries in the 2021 Argentine legislative election. It occurred after the results of said primary, in which the front was defeated in the main districts, particularly in the City of Buenos Aires and the Buenos Aires province. Three days later, on September 15, eight officials, all of them aligned with Vice President Cristina Fernández, made their resignation available to President Fernández. The list of the first resigners includes Eduardo de Pedro, Martín Soria, Roberto Salvarezza, Luana Volnovich, Fernanda Raverta, Tristán Bauer, Paula Español and Juan Cabandié.[44]

On 14 November 2021, Frente de Todos lost its majority in Congress for the first time in almost 40 years in midterm legislative elections. The election victory of the center-right coalition, Juntos por el Cambio (Together for Change), meant a tough final two years in office for President Alberto Fernández. Losing control of the Senate made it difficult for him to make key appointments, including to the judiciary. While it remained the largest force in Congress, it also forced him to negotiate with the opposition every initiative he sends to the legislature.[45][46]

In April 2023, President Alberto Fernandez announced that he will not seek re-election in the next presidential election.[47]

Member parties

Party Leader Ideology
Justicialist Party Alberto Fernández Peronism
Renewal Front[48] Sergio Massa Peronism
Syncretism
Party of Culture, Education and Labour Hugo Moyano Peronism
Labourism
Federal Commitment Alberto Rodríguez Saá Peronism
Kolina Alicia Kirchner Kirchnerism
Victory Party Diana Conti Social democracy
Kirchnerism
New Encounter Martín Sabbatella Progressivism
Somos Victoria Donda Socialist feminism
Proyecto Sur Jorge Selser Progressivism[49]
Broad Front Adriana Puiggrós Kirchnerism
Social democracy
Peronism
Solidary Party Carlos Heller Co-operatism
Socialism
Popular Unity Víctor De Gennaro Socialism of the 21st century
Left-wing nationalism
National Alfonsinist Movement Leopoldo Moreau Social democracy
K Radicalism[29]
FORJA Gustavo Fernando López Social democracy
K Radicalism[28]
Communist Party Victor Kot Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Guevarism
Communist Party (Extraordinary Congress) Pablo Pereyra Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Communist Party Juan Carlos Alderete Communism
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Intransigent Party Enrique Gustavo Cardesa Democratic socialism
Patria Grande Front Juan Grabois Socialism of the 21st century
Feminism
Kirchnerism[50]
La patria de los comunes Emilio Pérsico Kirchnerism[51]
Protector Political Force[52] José Luis Ramón Social democracy

Electoral performance

President

Election year Candidate(s) First Round Second Round Result
No. votes % vote No. votes % vote
2019 Alberto Fernández 12,946,037 48.24 Green tickY Elected

Legislative elections

Chamber of Deputies

Election year votes % seats won Total seats Position Note
2019 11,606,411 45.26
64 / 130
119 / 257
Minority Includes the FCxS
2021 7,801,865 33.57
50 / 127
118 / 257
Minority Includes the FCxS

Senate

Election year votes % seats won Total seats Position Note
2019 2,609,017 46.30
15 / 24
41 / 72
Majority Includes the FCxS
2021 1,916,759 27.54
9 / 24
35 / 72
Minority Includes the FCxS

See also

References

  1. ^ Mugica Díaz, Joaquín (12 June 2019). "Estos son los frentes electorales que competirán en las elecciones presidenciales". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Así quedaron definidas las principales alianzas para competir en las elecciones". La Nación (in Spanish). 12 June 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Argentines Voting Today Are Expected to Favor Opposition Peronist for President". The Wall Street Journal. 27 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Argentina's President Mauricio Macri Concedes Election to Peronist Rival Alberto Fernández". The Wall Street Journal. 27 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Argentina's Peronist Repeat". The Wall Street Journal. 28 October 2019.
  6. ^ Martín Caparrós (28 October 2019). "El peronismo vuelve". The New York Times.
  7. ^ "El peronista Fernández se impone con claridad en las presidenciales argentinas". El País. 27 October 2019.
  8. ^ Serra, Laura (13 August 2019). "Es el peronismo unido, estúpido". La Nación.
  9. ^ a b Marcelo Hugo Helfgot (28 October 2019). "Elecciones 2019: Alberto Fernández le ganó a Mauricio Macri en primera vuelta y el kirchnerismo vuelve al poder". Clarín. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  10. ^ Sebastian Fest (12 August 2019). "El peronismo vapulea a Mauricio Macri en las elecciones y el peso se desploma". El Mundo.
  11. ^ "Argentina: Vuelve el kirchnerismo". 23 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Vuelve el kirchnerismo y sus golpes a la Justicia y a los medios". 18 September 2020.
  13. ^ "El peronismo, entre la socialdemocracia y la izquierda".
  14. ^ "Alberto Fernández: "Soy más hijo de la cultura hippie que de las veinte verdades peronistas"". Perfil (in Spanish). 12 April 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  15. ^ a b "Argentine Peso Dives After Populist Peronists Gain Edge in Vote". The Wall Street Journal. 12 August 2019.
  16. ^ Ishaan Tharoor (29 October 2019). "The anti-neoliberal wave rocking Latin America". The Washington Post.
  17. ^ Dube, Ryan (19 August 2019). "Argentina's Fernández Moves from Little-Known Politician to Next Likely President". Wall Street Journal.
  18. ^ "La llamativa definición política de Alberto Fernández: "Soy de la rama del liberalismo progresista peronista"". Clarín. 19 July 2019. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Juan Grabois lanza el Frente Patria Grande que lideraría Cristina Kirchner". Perfil (in Spanish). 27 October 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Alberto Fernández: "Soy más hijo de la cultura hippie que de las veinte verdades peronistas"". 12 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Qué es el Grupo de Puebla, el nuevo eje progresista de América Latina al que apunta Alberto Fernández". November 2019.
  22. ^ "Argentina's President Mauricio Macri Concedes Election to Peronist Rival Alberto Fernández". The Wall Street Journal. 27 October 2019.
  23. ^ Pérez, Santiago (10 December 2019). "Argentine President Alberto Fernández's Inauguration Marks Return of Peronism". Wall Street Journal.
  24. ^ "Argentina's president without a plan". The Economist. 3 December 2020.
  25. ^ "El Frente de Todos se unió a la campaña para lanzar la candidatura de Lula en el país - Tiempo Argentino". 7 May 2022.
  26. ^ "Por un frente para derrotar al macrismo". Partido Comunista de la Argentina. 21 May 2020. Archived from the original on 5 June 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  27. ^ "La última victoria de Fidel". 20 July 2021.
  28. ^ a b Arias, Mariela (17 June 2019). "Tierra del Fuego: Melella se impuso a Bertone en primera vuelta". La Nación.
  29. ^ a b "El ascenso de Moreau, la nueva figura del universo kirchnerista". 16 August 2017.
  30. ^ "Argentina election: Centre-left Alberto Fernández wins presidency". BBC. 27 October 2019.
  31. ^ "Argentinian peso plunges as centre-left win election primary". The Guardian. 12 August 2019.
  32. ^ "Argentina's President Suffers Setback in Primary". The Wall Street Journal. 12 August 2019.
  33. ^ "Argentina's slum policy is a rare bright spot in the country". The Economist.
  34. ^ "Argentine voters reject austerity, return Kirchner and the Peronistas to power in presidential election". The Washington Post. 27 October 2019.
  35. ^ Goñi, Uki (28 October 2019). "Argentina election: Macri out as Cristina Fernández de Kirchner returns to office as VP". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  36. ^ Mugica Díaz, Joaquín (4 December 2019). "Con el respaldo de Roberto Lavagna y Juan Schiaretti, se creó un interbloque "antigrieta" en la Cámara de Diputados". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  37. ^ "Elecciones Argentina 2023: "Unión por la Patria" es el nuevo nombre del Frente de Todos". Página12 (in Spanish). 14 June 2023.
  38. ^ Gabriel Sued (16 February 2018). ""Hay 2019", la nueva consigna que le da vida al kirchnerismo". La Nación. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  39. ^ Gaceta, La. "Felipe Solá abandonó el Frente Renovador y se acerca a Cristina Kirchner". www.lagaceta.com.ar. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  40. ^ Lucrecia Bullrich (17 July 2019). "Alberto Fernández recibió el respaldo de la CGT y dijo que no hará reformas". La Nación. Archived from the original on 27 July 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  41. ^ Clarín.com (13 June 2019). "La fórmula Fernández - Fernández sumó el apoyo del sindicalismo de Hugo Moyano y la CTA". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  42. ^ "Los movimientos sociales y los gremios, con lugares confirmados en las listas del oficialismo". La Nación. 25 July 2021.
  43. ^ "Cristina Kirchner anunció que Alberto Fernández encabezará la fórmula presidencial y ella irá de vice". Infobae (in Spanish). 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  44. ^ "Tras la derrota electoral: Ola de renuncias en el gobierno nacional". DIARIO ACTUALIDAD (in Spanish). 15 September 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  45. ^ "Peronists may lose Argentina Congress for first time in 40 years".
  46. ^ Bronstein, Hugh; Misculin, Nicolás (15 November 2021). "Argentina's Peronists on the ropes after bruising midterm defeat". Reuters.
  47. ^ "Argentina's President Fernandez will not seek re-election". www.aljazeera.com.
  48. ^ "El PJ apoya la fórmula Alberto Fernández-Cristina Kirchner: "La unidad es el camino"". 18 May 2019.
  49. ^ "Proyecto Sur. Movimiento político, social y cultural". 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009 – via proyecto-sur.org.
  50. ^ "Un frente antineoliberal". Página/12 (in Spanish). 27 October 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  51. ^ "Los Movimientos sociales lanzaron el partido La Patria de los Comunes: críticas al Gobierno y respaldo a CFK" [Social movements started the party "La patria de los comunes": criticism to the government and support to CFK] (in Spanish). TN. 17 March 2023. Retrieved 20 March 2023.
  52. ^ Mozetic, Daniela (14 July 2021). "Mendoza: Frente de Todos sumó a José Luis Ramón y quiere encabezar la lista de diputados". Perfil (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 July 2021.
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Frente de Todos
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