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French School of the Far East

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École française d'Extrême-Orient
Established20 January 1900 (1900-01-20)
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The French School of the Far East (French: École Française d'Extrême-Orient, pronounced [ekɔl fʁɑ̃sɛːz dɛkstʁɛm ɔʁjɑ̃]; also translated as The French School of Asian Studies[1]), abbreviated EFEO, is an associated college of PSL University dedicated to the study of Asian societies. It was founded in 1900 with headquarters in Hanoi in what was then French Indochina. After the independence of Vietnam, its headquarters were transferred to Phnom Penh in 1957, and subsequently to Paris in 1975.[2] Its main fields of research are archaeology, philology and the study of modern Asian societies. Since 1907, the EFEO has been in charge of conservation work at the archeological site of Angkor.[3]

Office of École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO) in Paris, France
Original headquarters in Hanoi, now National Museum of Vietnamese History

Paul Mus was a member of EFEO since 1927, and "returned to Hanoi in 1927 as a secretary and librarian with the Research Institute of the French School of the Far East until 1940."[4]

EFEO romanization system

A romanization system for Mandarin was developed by the EFEO. It shares a few similarities with Wade-Giles and Hanyu Pinyin. In modern times, it has been superseded by Hanyu Pinyin.

The differences between the three romanization systems are shown in the following table:

p p p b
p' p' p
t t t d
t' t' t
k k k g
k' k' k
ts ts ts z
tsʰ ts' ts' c
tch ch zh
tʂʰ tch' ch' ch
k/ts ch j
tɕʰ k'/ts' ch' q
ɕ s/h hs x
w ou/w w w
j i/y y y
ɤ ö/é o/ê e
ɚ eul êrh er
ɹ̩ eu û i
ɻ̩ e ih i
y u ü ü/u
u ou u u
ən en ên en
əŋ eng êng eng
ie ie ieh ie
ioʊ ieou/iou iu iu
iɛn ien ien ian
uo ouo o/uo o/uo
uaɪ ouai uai uai
ueɪ ouei ui ui
uan ouan uan uan
uən ouen un un
ye iue üeh üe/ue
io io üe/ue
yɛn iuen üan üan/uan
yn iun ün ün/un
iʊŋ ioung iung iong



The catalog of EFEO Publications, of some 600 titles, includes works on a wide range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences (archaeology, history, anthropology, literature, philology, etc.), centered on Asia, from India to Japan. These publications are directed at specialists and a wider public interested in Asian civilizations and societies.[5]

The EFEO in publishes five scholarly journals on an annual or twice-yearly basis:

  • Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient - BEFEO (Bulletin of the French School of Asian Studies), published since 1901[6]
  • Arts Asiatiques (Asian Arts), published jointly with the Musée Guimet and the CNRS
  • Cahiers d'Extrême-Asie (East Asian Journal), published in Kyoto
  • Aséanie (Southeast Asian Studies), published in Bangkok
  • Sinologie française [S: 法国汉学, T: 法國漢學, P: Fǎguó Hànxué] (French Sinology), published in Chinese in Beijing

See also


  1. ^ Preferred translation by EFEO staff. See EFEO official website.
  2. ^ "EFEO and a rare valuable bookstore about Vietnam". Retrieved 19 April 2023.
  3. ^ "EFEO - Le centre de Siem Reap, Cambodge". Retrieved 19 April 2023.
  4. ^ Paul Mus | Council On Southeast Asia Studies at Yale, archived from the original on 3 December 2023.
  5. ^ "Publications". EFEO. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  6. ^ Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient. L'École. 1941.

48°51′52″N 2°17′32″E / 48.86444°N 2.29222°E / 48.86444; 2.29222

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French School of the Far East
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