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Front for a Country in Solidarity

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Solidary Country Front
Frente País Solidario
LeaderCarlos Álvarez
FoundedAugust 1994
Dissolved20 December 2001
Merger ofFG
HeadquartersBuenos Aires
IdeologySocial democracy
Christian democracy
Democratic socialism
Political positionCentre[1] to center-right[1]
National affiliationThe Alliance (1997-2001)
ColoursBlue, red and yellow

The Front for a Country in Solidarity (Spanish: Frente País Solidario or FREPASO) was a center-left[5] political coalition in Argentina. It was formed in 1994 out of the Broad Front (Frente Grande), which had been founded mainly by progressive members of the Peronist Justicialist Party who denounced the policies and the alleged corruption of the Carlos Menem administration;[6] the Frente joined with other dissenting Peronists, the Unidad Socialista (Popular and Democratic Socialist Party) and several other leftist parties and individuals. Its leading figures were José Octavio Bordón, Carlos "Chacho" Álvarez and Graciela Fernández Meijide.


Shortly after the founding of the party, Bordón stood for President at the 1995 elections with Álvarez as running mate. The campaign was very successful, and Bordón came second with 33 percent of the vote. Subsequently, Bordón proposed converting FrePaSo into a unified party, while Álvarez wanted a loose confederation of different parties. On May 17, 1995, Bordón and Álvarez announced the formation of a confederation, with a unified political platform and leadership, with the third largest block in the Argentine National Congress. The Intransigent Party and the Christian Democratic Party joined the coalition. Bordón later resigned after a leadership battle and returned to the Justicialist Party. The FrePaSo campaigned for the 1999 elections in an alliance with the larger Radical Civic Union (UCR) and a few provincial parties, which won the presidency for Fernando de la Rúa. Frepaso activist Aníbal Ibarra was elected Mayor of Buenos Aires in 2000 on the Alianza ticket - the Alliance for Work, Justice and Education. The alliance was effectively broken the next year, when vice-president Chacho Álvarez resigned amidst public intra-party accusations of bribery in the Senate, followed shortly after by other leading members.

After the 2001 elections FrePaSo became the joint third largest party in the federal Chamber of Deputies, with 17 of 257 deputies. Subsequently, the party disintegrated. Many members re-joined the Peronist movement within the centre-left Front for Victory faction of President Néstor Kirchner, with others supporting the ARI party of Elisa Carrió. Until 2007 the party nominally retained one senator, Vilma Ibarra, who sat as a lone 'Party for Victory' member but in practice supported the Front for Victory, for which she became a national deputy in 2007. Her brother Aníbal Ibarra was removed as Mayor of Buenos Aires in 2006 in the wake of the República Cromagnon nightclub fire.

Member parties

Party Leader[a] Ideology
Broad Front Graciela Fernández Meijide Social democracy
Communist Party Patricio Echegaray Communism
Christian Democratic Party Mario Alfredo Marturet Christian democracy
Intransigent Party Enrique Gustavo Cardesa Social democracy
Humanist Party Lía Méndez Humanism
Popular Socialist Party Guillermo Estévez Boero Democratic socialism
Democratic Socialist Party Alfredo Bravo Social democracy
Open Politics for Social Integrity José Octavio Bordón Peronism
Front of the South Fernando Solanas Progressivism
  1. ^ At the time of the front's dissolution (2001)

See also


  1. ^ a b Vázquez, Amancio (2014). La conformación de La Alianza UCR – Frepaso (1997 – 2001). Usos de las teorías de negociación política para el estudio de las coaliciones. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. pp. 1–17.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ Escudero, Laura Verónica (2016). La centroizquierda en la Argentina: El frente país solidario (FREPASO), la alianza y el frente para la victoria (FPV)-Kirchnerismo (Thesis). Universidad de Salamanca.
  3. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  4. ^;jsessionid=EB69FCF908154DDE594E01A3614B35B2?sequence=1 [bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ Aznárez, Juan Jesús (9 October 1995). "Derrota peronista en las elecciones de Buenos Aires". El País.
  6. ^ Wendy Hunter (13 September 2010). The Transformation of the Workers' Party in Brazil, 1989–2009. Cambridge University Press. pp. 188–190. ISBN 978-1-139-49266-9.
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Front for a Country in Solidarity
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