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Francesco Bianchi (composer)

Francesco Bianchi

Giuseppe Francesco Bianchi (1752 – 27 November 1810) was an Italian opera composer. Born in Cremona, Lombardy, he studied with Pasquale Cafaro and Niccolò Jommelli,[1] and worked mainly in London, Paris and in all the major Italian operatic centers of Venice, Naples, Rome, Milan, Turin, Florence.

He wrote at least 78 operas of all genres, mainly in the field of the Italian opera, but in the French opera too. These included the drammi per musica (opera seria) Castore e Polluce (Florence 1779), Arbace and Zemira (both Naples, 1781), Alonso e Cora (Venice, 1786), Calto and La morte di Cesare (both Venice, 1788), and Seleuco, re di Siria (Venice, 1791), and the opera giocosa La villanella rapita (Süttör, 1784). The latter of which had additional arias by Mozart.

Bianchi committed suicide in Hammersmith, London, in 1810, probably out of family troubles.[2] He was buried alongside his daughter in the churchyard of the old Kensington Church, now St Mary Abbots, Kensington.[3]

His widow published parts of his "theoretical work" in the Quarterly Music Review for 1820/1821.[4]

Private life

Bianchi married Jane Jackson who was a well known singer. She had a continuing career after Bianchi's death, married William Lacy and they performed for seven years at the court of Oudh.[5]

Works

Operas

Religious compositions

  • Domine ad adiuvandum, 2 August 1773, Cremona
  • Converte Domine, 10 May 1779, Milan, Metropolitan Cathedral
  • Exalta Domine, 10 May 1779, Milan, Metropolitan Cathedral
  • Deus noster refugium con Gloria patri, 10 May 1779, Milan, Metropolitan Cathedral
  • Abraham et Isaac; Tres pueri hebrai; others

References

Notes
  1. ^ Griffiths, Paul (7 October 2004). The Penguin Companion to Classical Music. Penguin Adult. ISBN 978-0-14-100924-7. Bianchi, (Giuseppe) Francesco (b. Cremona, c.1752; d. London, 27 Nov 1810). Italian composer...studied with Pasquale Cafaro and Jommelli in Naples,...
  2. ^ Caruselli, Grande enciclopedia, vol. 1, article: "Bianchi, Francesco", p. 157. According to Highfill, Burnim, Langhans's Biographical Dictionary, the loss of his five-year-old sole daughter, occurred on 28 June 1807, was heavy on the musician's heart (article: "Bianchi, Francesco, composer, musician", p. 107)
  3. ^ "KPN Autumn 2012". Issuu. 7 October 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  4. ^ Highfill, Philip H.; Burnim, Kalman A.; Langhans, Edward A. (1973). A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800. SIU Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-0518-6.
  5. ^ "Lacy, William (1788–1871), singer singer". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15867. Retrieved 30 November 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Sources
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Francesco Bianchi (composer)
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