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First family of the United States

The first family of the United States is the family of the president of the United States, who is both head of state and head of government of the United States. Members of the first family consist of the president, the first lady of the United States, and any of their children. However, other close relatives of the president and first spouse, such as parents, grandchildren, stepchildren, and in-laws, may be classified as members of the first family if they reside in the Executive Residence of the White House Complex.

In the United States, the term "first family" in casual reference to the president's immediate family, is most often used by the media and in particular, the White House press corps. Individually, each member of the first family is designated a Secret Service codename by the United States Secret Service. Used by special agents, these code names uniquely identify members of the first family for their ongoing protection as well as for the sake of brevity, clarity and tradition.


No. Portrait First family Years President and First Spouse
Children and family
1 Family of George Washington April 30, 1789

March 4, 1797
George and Martha Washington
Nelly and George
Since the Federal City was not completed when the President was inaugurated in 1789, the capital of the United States was first located in New York City between the years 1785 and 1790, later uprooting the Federal Government and moving it temporarily to the city of Philadelphia between the years 1790 and 1800. Because of this, the First Family never lived in the unfinished White House. Between April 1789 and February 1790, the First Family resided at the Alexander Macomb mansion at 39–41 Broadway Avenue in New York City. In Philadelphia, Robert Morris's mansion at 190 High Street was rented for the First Family to reside at. During his lifetime, the President never had children. However, he adopted the First Lady's two children, Jack and Patsy, from a previous marriage to Daniel Parke Custis. Likewise, the President also raised the First Lady's two youngest grandchildren, Nelly and George.
2 Family of John Adams March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801
John and Abigail Adams
Nabby, John Quincy, Charles
and Thomas
The First Family during the Adams Administration was the first to reside in the newly constructed White House (then known as the President's House) designed by Irish architect James Hoban. In 1797, the President appointed his oldest son, John Quincy, as Minister to Prussia. In 1800, the President and First Lady's second oldest son Charles died due to complications of alcoholism. Following in his father's footsteps, John Quincy would eventually be elected to the presidency in 1824 and take the oath of office the next year.
3 Family of Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson and Martha Randolph (Daughter)
There was no First Lady during the presidency as Jefferson's former wife, Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, died shortly after giving birth to their sixth child in 1782. In the conspicuous absence of First Lady, James Madison's wife, Dolley Madison, often served in the capacity as a White House hostess. Out of all six children of the Jeffersons, only Martha and Mary would survive into early adulthood.
4 Family of James Madison March 4, 1809

March 4, 1817
James and Dolley Madison
and John
Prior to becoming First Lady and marrying the President, Dolley Madison was a widow who had two children, John Payne Todd and William Temple Todd, from a previous marriage to Quaker lawyer John Todd. Her husband and youngest son both suddenly died when yellow fever struck Philadelphia in 1793. The following year, she accepted Madison's proposal of marriage. Madison adopted her oldest son John. Perhaps Dolley Madison's most courageous act as First Lady was when she removed and saved several priceless valuables, objets d'art, china, silverware, and the famous Lansdowne portrait of George Washington painted by Gilbert Stuart prior to British Redcoats burning down the White House during the War of 1812.
5 Family of James Monroe March 4, 1817

March 4, 1825
James and Elizabeth Monroe
Eliza and Maria
During the President's term in office, his oldest daughter Eliza often substituted as official White House hostess for her ailing mother, the First Lady. Appearing as a haughty and often pompous socialite, Eliza soon alienated most of Washington society for her refusal to call on wives of the diplomatic corps, as was the custom. She caused another uproar when she closed her sister's wedding to all but family and friends. The second daughter, named Maria, was only a child when her father was elected president. When she finished school in Philadelphia, she moved into the Executive Residence in 1819. On March 9, 1820, she married her first cousin, Samuel L. Gouverneur, in the first wedding ever performed at the White House. The President and First Lady's only son, James, died much earlier in childhood.
6 Family of John Quincy Adams March 4, 1825

March 4, 1829
John Quincy and Louisa Adams
George, John, and Charles Francis
The President was the oldest son of the 2nd President of the United States, John Adams, and his wife, Abigail Adams. The President and First Lady's son, George, led a troubled life of alcoholism, womanizing, and depression and finally succumbed to an apparent suicide during the President's final year in office in 1829. Louisa Adams was the first foreign-born First Lady.
7 Family of Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829

March 4, 1837
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jr., Daniel, Andrew, Andrew, Eliza, and Edward
Jackson's wife Rachel died shortly after he was elected U.S. president. Their niece Emily Donelson and the President's daughter-in-law Sarah Yorke Jackson served as his hostesses at the White house.
8 Family of Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837

March 4, 1841
Martin Van Buren and
Angelica Singleton (Daughter-in-law)
Abraham, John, Martin, and Smith
During the President's term, there was no First Lady. The President's wife died of tuberculosis much earlier in 1819. Their oldest son Abraham had a wife, Angelica Singleton Van Buren (a cousin of Dolley Madison), who assumed the duties of hostess at White House functions.
9 Family of William Henry Harrison March 4, 1841

April 4, 1841
William Henry and Anna Harrison
Elizabeth Bassett, John Scott, Mary Symmes, and Anna Tuthill
The President and First Lady had ten children, of whom only four were still alive at the time of Harrison's presidency. After taking the Oath of Office in March 1841, the President died just 31 days later of complications of a cold, making William Henry Harrison's term the shortest in United States presidential history to date. The President had a son, John Scott Harrison, who in turn became the father of future President Benjamin Harrison.[1]
10 Family of John Tyler April 4, 1841

March 4, 1845
John and Letitia Tyler (d.1842), Julia Tyler (m.1844)
Mary, Robert, John, Letitia, Elizabeth, Alice and Tazewell
During the President's term in office, there were two First Ladies. In 1839, Letitia suffered a paralytic stroke that left her an invalid. As First Lady, she remained in the upstairs living quarters of the White House, only coming downstairs just once, to attend the wedding of her daughter Elizabeth in January 1842. On the evening of September 10, 1842, the First Lady died peacefully. At the time of her death, she was 51 years old, making her the youngest First Lady to die. John and Letitia Tyler's children were the following: Mary Tyler-Jones, Robert Tyler (who served as the President's private secretary at the White House), John Tyler III, Letitia Tyler-Semple, Elizabeth Tyler-Waller (marrying William N. Waller at a White House wedding in 1842), Alice Tyler-Denison, and Tazewell Tyler. The second First Lady was Julia, who at age 24 married the President (aged 54) on June 26, 1844. John and Julia's children were the following: David Gardiner Tyler, John "Alex" Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler-Spencer, Lachlan Gardiner Tyler, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Robert "Fitz" Fitzwalter Tyler, and Pearl Tyler-Ellis. As of 2020, one of his grandchildren (Lyon's children) is still alive; the other died Sept. 26, 2020.
11 Family of James K. Polk March 4, 1845

March 4, 1849
James and Sarah Polk The Polks are the only presidential couple to never have children while together — biologically, adopted, or from previous marriage.

However, after the president's death his widow fostered a niece, Sarah Polk Fall.

12 Family of Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849

July 9, 1850
Zachary and Margaret Taylor
Ann, Betty, and Richard
As a semi-invalid, the First Lady became a recluse and remained in seclusion on the second floor of the Executive Residence, leaving the duties of official hostess to her daughter Mary Elizabeth. They were the last family to own slaves in the White House, from 1849 to 1850.
13 Family of Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850

March 4, 1853
Millard and Abigail Fillmore
Millard, and Mary
During the presidential inauguration for her husband's successor Franklin Pierce in 1853, the First Lady caught a cold and the next day came down with a fever. Abigail Fillmore developed pneumonia and died weeks later, on March 30, 1853. Throughout much of the President's term in office and due to the First Lady's illness, their daughter Mary was hostess at many White House functions from 1850 to 1853.
14 Family of Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853

March 4, 1857
Franklin and Jane Pierce Pierce's son Benjamin was killed in a train wreck two months before Pierce's inauguration. Jane Pierce arrived at the White house months later and spent most of their tenure in her room, writing letters to her dead son.
15 Family of James Buchanan March 4, 1857

March 4, 1861
James Buchanan The President never married or had children. The President's niece, Harriet Lane, acted as First Lady and served as hostess at White House functions.
16 Family of Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd, Willie, and Tad
In 1862, Willie, after riding his pony in bad weather, became ill. His condition fluctuated from day to day. The most likely cause of the illness was typhoid fever, contracted from contaminated drinking water. Gradually Willie weakened. On February 20, 1862, the young boy died. The President and First Lady's second son, Edward, died earlier in 1850, most likely from a wasting disease called medullary thyroid cancer as part of the genetic cancer syndrome – multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B – that his father and two of his brothers may have shared. In 1871, their son Tad died at the age of 18 due to tuberculosis. Of the President and First Lady's four children, only Robert lived into adulthood; he died in 1926. Throughout the President's term in office, the First Lady suffered from severe headaches. Dealing with the death of her son Willie in 1862, as well as the deaths of siblings killed in the American Civil War, difficult bouts of mourning, especially after Willie's death, led to protracted depression. During her years at the White House, the First Lady suffered a severe head injury in a carriage accident, thought to be an assassination attempt aimed at the President, who was not with her at the time. In addition to depression, the First Lady suffered from irrational, sometimes public outbursts.
17 Family of Andrew Johnson April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew and Eliza Johnson
Martha, Mary, Robert, and Andrew Jr.
18 Family of Ulysses S. Grant March 4, 1869

March 4, 1877
Ulysses and Julia Grant
Jesse, Ulysses Jr., Nellie, and Frederick
The Grant family was the last slave-holding family to live in the White House. Grant owned a slave during the Civil War but freed the slave soon after.
19 Family of Rutherford B. Hayes March 4, 1877

March 4, 1881
Rutherford and Lucy Hayes
Birchard, Webb, Rutherford,
Fanny, and Scott
20 Family of James Garfield March 4, 1881

September 19, 1881
James and Lucretia Garfield
Harry, James, Mary, Irvin, and Abram
21 Family of Chester A. Arthur September 19, 1881

March 4, 1885
Chester A. Arthur
Chester II and Ellen
Chester Arthur's wife, Nell, died in January 1880; he succeeded to the presidency in September 1881.
22 Family of Grover Cleveland March 4, 1885

March 4, 1889
Grover and Frances Cleveland (m.1886) Frances Cleveland was the youngest of the First Ladies. She and Cleveland married on June 2, 1886, when she was 21 years old. When she and Cleveland departed the White House, she told the staff 'take care of everything as we would like to see it just the way it is when we return, four years from today'.
Family of Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889

March 4, 1893
Benjamin and Caroline Harrison
Russell and Mary
24 Family of Grover Cleveland March 4, 1893

March 4, 1897
Grover and Frances Cleveland
Ruth, Esther and Marion
Esther Cleveland was born in 1893, she was the first and only child of a president to be born in the White House.
25 Family of William McKinley March 4, 1897

September 14, 1901
William and Ida McKinley
26 Family of Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901

March 4, 1909
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt
Theodore Jr., Kermit, Ethel, Archie, and Quentin
In 1906, the President's oldest daughter, Alice Roosevelt Longworth, married Nicholas Longworth at the White House. Alice was another child from the President's previous marriage to his first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, who died in 1884 due to childbirth complications and Bright's disease. The President's fifth cousin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, would become the 32nd President of the United States in 1933.[2]
27 Family of William Howard Taft March 4, 1909

March 4, 1913
William Howard and Helen Taft
Robert, Helen, and Charles II
After the First Lady suffered a stroke in 1909, daughter Helen moved into the Executive Residence and helped her mother to regain body movement and speech. Helen also served as official hostess for many White House functions while the First Lady was disabled. The youngest son, Charles, was only 12 years old when he moved into the Executive Residence upon his father's inauguration as president.
28 Family of Woodrow Wilson March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921
Woodrow Wilson and
Ellen Wilson (d.1914), Edith Wilson (m.1915)
Margaret, Jessie, and Eleanor
On November 25, 1913, the second oldest daughter Jessie married Francis Bowes Sayre at the White House. On January 17, 1915, Jessie gave birth to a son, Francis B. Sayre, Jr., at the White House. On May 7, 1914, the youngest daughter Eleanor married her father's Secretary of the Treasury, William Gibbs McAdoo. There were two First Ladies during the Wilson Administration. The President's first wife, Ellen, died at the White House on August 6, 1914, due to complications of Bright's disease. The following year, the President married his second wife, Edith. At the time of her mother's death in 1914, the oldest daughter Margaret served the role as First Lady until her father remarried in 1915.
29 Family of Warren G. Harding March 4, 1921

August 2, 1923
Warren and Florence Harding The President never had children with his wife but had an illegitimate daughter, Elizabeth Ann Blaesing, with another woman, Nan Britton. In a previous marriage, the First Lady had a son named Marshall Eugene DeWolfe who died from complications of alcoholism and tuberculosis on January 1, 1915, at the age of 34.
30 Family of Calvin Coolidge August 2, 1923

March 4, 1929
Calvin and Grace Coolidge
John and Calvin Jr.
The President and First Lady's younger son, Calvin Jr., died during the President's 1924 election campaign. Their son John, who lived until 2000, married the daughter of Connecticut governor John H. Trumbull.
31 Family of Herbert Hoover March 4, 1929

March 4, 1933
Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover
Herbert, and Allan
32 Family of Franklin D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt
Anna, James, Elliott, Franklin Jr., and John
In 1937, the President's oldest son James moved into the Executive Residence and served as an advisor and private secretary in the West Wing. At the President's request, his daughter Anna moved into the Executive Residence in 1944 to serve as an assistant to the President and as White House hostess during the First Lady's frequent absences. A fifth son, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (III), was born on March 18, 1909, and died approximately eight months later on November 7, 1909.[2]
33 Family of Harry S. Truman April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
Harry and Bess Truman
and Margaret
Between the years 1948 and 1952, the First Family resided at Blair House, the official guest quarters of foreign heads of state and government located near Lafayette Park, while the White House underwent a complete interior restoration.
34 Family of Dwight D. Eisenhower January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower
and John
President and Mrs. Eisenhower posed for this portrait on their 39th wedding anniversary at their farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The President and First Lady's eldest son, Doud, died of scarlet fever in 1921. Their only surviving son, John Eisenhower, served in various roles as an Assistant Staff Secretary in the West Wing, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster.
35 Family of John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
John and Jacqueline Kennedy
Caroline, John Jr., and Patrick
The President and First Lady's first-born daughter, Arabella, was stillborn in 1956. The First Lady gave birth prematurely to a second son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, on August 7, 1963. The child died two days later due to hyaline membrane disease. In 1999, John Jr. died in a plane crash, leaving his sister Caroline as the only surviving child of the President and First Lady.
36 Family of Lyndon B. Johnson November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson
Lynda Bird, and Luci
The President and First Lady's oldest daughter Lynda married Charles S. Robb, a former Governor of Virginia and two-term U.S. Senator from Virginia, in the East Room at the White House on December 9, 1967.
37 Family of Richard Nixon January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
Richard and Pat Nixon
Tricia and Julie
The Nixons' daughter Tricia married Edward Cox in the Rose Garden of the White House on June 12, 1971. The President and First Lady's other daughter, Julie Nixon Eisenhower, married David Eisenhower, a grandson of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
38 Family of Gerald Ford August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977
Gerald and Betty Ford
Susan, Michael, Jack and Steven
The President and First Lady's daughter Susan was a teenage high school student during her time in the White House. Their three sons Michael, Jack and Steven were all grown adults when the First Family moved into the Executive Residence in 1974.
39 Family of Jimmy Carter January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter
John, James Earl Carter III, Donnel, and Amy
The President and First Lady's three sons, John, James, and Donnel, were all grown adults when the First Family moved into the Executive Residence in 1977. Their daughter Amy was the first true child to live in the White House since the Kennedy children lived there between 1961 and 1963.
40 Family of Ronald Reagan January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Ronald and Nancy Reagan
Maureen, Michael, Patti, and Ron
Maureen and Michael were two of the President's children from his first marriage to Hollywood actress Jane Wyman while Patti and Ron were the President's two youngest children from his second marriage to Nancy Reagan.
41 Family of George H. W. Bush January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
George and Barbara Bush
George W., Jeb, Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy
The President and First Lady's eldest daughter, Robin, died of leukemia in 1953. Arguably, other members of the First Family included First Mother/Grandmother Dorothy Wear Walker Bush (died in 1992), First Grandsons George, Jebby, Pierce, and Samuel LeBlond, and First Granddaughters Barbara, Jenna, Noelle, Lauren, Ashley and Ellie LeBlond.[3]
42 Family of Bill Clinton January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill and Hillary Clinton
and Chelsea
The President and First Lady's daughter Chelsea was born a First Daughter of Arkansas. Until she left the White House in 2001, the two-year period between her father's first and second terms as the Governor of Arkansas would be the only time when she did not have an unofficial title. Beginning on January 3, 2001, Hillary Rodham Clinton was both a United States senator for the state of New York while simultaneously carrying out her formal duties as First Lady, a title which she lost 17 days later on January 20, 2001, when President Clinton's term in office expired. Hillary was also the first woman to be nominated by a major U.S. political party in the presidential election.
43 Family of George W. Bush January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
George W. and Laura Bush
Barbara and Jenna
Barbara and Jenna, fraternal twins, were also the nation's First Granddaughters, from January 20, 1989, to January 20, 1993. Barbara and Jenna were seven years old at the time of George H. W. Bush, their grandfather's, inauguration and eleven years old when he left office. The twins were both First Daughters of Texas from 1995, when they were thirteen, to 2001, when they were nineteen. Barbara and Jenna did not live in the White house, as both attended college while their father was the President. Jenna married Henry Chase Hager at the Prairie Chapel Ranch in Crawford, Texas on May 10, 2008.[3]
44 Family of Barack Obama January 20, 2009

January 20, 2017
Barack and Michelle Obama
Malia and Sasha
Marian Shields Robinson, mother to the First Lady and mother-in-law to the President, lived with the First Family in the Executive Residence at the White House Complex. They were the first African American family to live in the White House.
45 Family of Donald Trump January 20, 2017

January 20, 2021
Donald and Melania Trump
Donald Jr., Ivanka, Eric, Tiffany, and Barron
Donald Jr., Ivanka and Eric are the President's children from his first marriage to Ivana Trump, while Tiffany is his daughter from his second marriage to Marla Maples and Barron is his son from his third marriage to Melania Trump. Barron is the first Presidential son to live at the White House since John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1963; however from January to June 2017, he remained with his mother at Trump Tower so he could complete his school year at Manhattan's Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School.[4] Melania Trump is the second First Lady to be foreign-born after Louisa Adams and the first to be a naturalized citizen.
46 Family of Joe Biden January 20, 2021

Joe and Jill Biden
Hunter and Ashley
Hunter is the President's child from his marriage to Neilia Hunter, while Ashley is his daughter from his second marriage to Jill Biden. The President had two other children: Beau died of brain cancer in 2015, and Naomi was killed in the same car accident as Biden's first wife Neilia in 1972.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Benjamin Harrison – Presidential Site" (PDF). Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b Maranzani, Barbara. "10 Things You May Not Know About the Roosevelts". HISTORY. Retrieved 2022-07-17.
  3. ^ a b Graphics, WSJ com News. "The Bush Family Tree". WSJ. Retrieved 2022-07-17.
  4. ^ Haberman, Maggie (November 20, 2016). "Melania and Barron Trump Won't Immediately Move to White House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
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First family of the United States
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