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Federico Trillo

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Federico Trillo Figueroa
Minister of Defence
In office
20 April 2000 – 20 April 2004
Preceded byEduardo Serra
Succeeded byJosé Bono
President of the Congress of Deputies
In office
27 March 1996 – 5 April 2000
Preceded byFelix Pons
Succeeded byLuisa Fernanda Rudi
Ambassador of Spain to the United Kingdom
In office
30 March 2012 – 12 January 2017
Preceded byCarles Casajuana
Succeeded byCarlos Bastarreche
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
14 November 1989 – 14 May 2012
Personal details
Born (1952-05-23) 23 May 1952 (age 71)
Cartagena, Murcia
Nationality Spain
Political partyPartido Popular
ProfessionLawyer, politician
Military service
Years of service1974-1989
RankJudge-Advocate Mayor
UnitNaval Legal Corps

Federico Trillo-Figueroa Martínez-Conde (Spanish pronunciation: [feðeˈɾiko ˈtɾiʝo fiɣeˈɾoa maɾˈtineθ ˈkonde]; born 23 May 1952) is a former Spanish Politician of the People's Party, who has served as President of the Congress of Deputies, Minister of Defense and Ambassador of Spain to the United Kingdom.

The son of a governor in Francoist Spain, Trillo graduated with a bachelor's degree in law from the University of Salamanca and a PhD from the Complutense University of Madrid.

Trillo entered into the Navy's Legal Corps as first of his class in 1974 where he was posted in the naval prosecutor's office of the Maritime Zone of the Mediterranean, later he was posted in the Directorship of Military Naval Construction. In 1979, he passed the competitive examination for Counsel of the Council of State. He retired from the navy as a Judge-Advocate Mayor in 1989 in order to enter politics.

In 1983 he entered the legal staff of the Alianza Popular (People's Alliance), then headed by Manuel Fraga Iribarne, where he actively participated in the restructuring of the party, refashioning it as the People's Party. He has been a member of the national executive since 1986.

Trillo has been elected deputy for the province of Alicante since 1989. From 1989 and 1996, he was vice-president of the Congress of Deputies. On 27 March 1996 he was elected president of the Congress of Deputies, a position he maintained until the end of the sixth legislature in 2000. On 27 April 2000 Prime Minister José María Aznar named him Minister of Defense for Aznar's second government.

In July 2002, he ordered an attack on Perejil Island, which had been occupied for days by Moroccan soldiers. The Yakovlev 42 crash in Turkey on 26 May 2003, in which 62 Spanish soldiers died while returning from Afghanistan marked the end of his tenure as the Minister of Defense. Three of his subordinates were sent to prison for falsifying the identification of 30 of the bodies. A judge found no grounds to implicate Trillo, and Trillo repeatedly refused to accept political or criminal responsibility.

Trillo is the author of many books on law and judicial and political thought. His most recognized works are: El poder político en los dramas de Shakespeare (Political Power in Shakespeare's Dramas) and Pregones y Semblanzas.

He collaborated in the founding of the Association for Studies for Social Progress. He is a member of the Spanish Commission of Military History, and a member of Opus Dei.

Personal life

Federico Trillo-Figueroa Martínez-Conde was born on 23 May 1952 in Cartagena, Murcia.[1] He is the son of Federico Trillo-Figueroa Vázquez and Eloísa Martínez-Conde Muñoz. Federico, a Galician, was a major figure in the Francoist regime. Originally a military lawyer, he later become a member of the Cortes Españolas before becoming the mayor of Cartagena in the 1960s and then also assumed the post of civil governor [es] in 1974. He died in 2002, aged 82. Eloísa died 15 years later at the age of 90.[2][3]

Federico Trillo married María José Molinuevo, a lawyer in the Court of Auditors, in 1976. She is the daughter of a judge and was born in Orihuela, Alicante. They have five children: María José, Federico, Marta, Mercedes and Santiago, nicknamed "Yago".[4] He is a practicing Catholic and a member of Opus Dei.[5]

Education and early career

Trillo studied law at the University of Salamanca, and after graduating completed his doctorate in the same subject at the Complutense University of Madrid[6]

In 1974, he joined the prosecution corps of the Spanish Navy after graduating first in his class. Five years later, he joined the Counsel of the Council of State after getting the highest result in the competitive examination again, officially joining on 21 June 1980.[7][8] During his time there, he worked at the Economy and Finance, Interior Territory, and Foreign Affairs sections, contributing to the drafting of an opinion on Spain's entrance into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) while serving in the latter.[9]


  1. ^ "Federico Trillo". Nueva Economía Forum (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2019..
  2. ^ Lorenzo, Sergio (22 January 2017). "Aquel feliz Trillo, el hijo del gobernador civil de Cáceres". Hoy (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Agenda". ABC (in Spanish). 16 July 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  4. ^ Guerra, Andrés (30 May 2015). "Esposa, asistente y demandante por acoso: el triángulo femenino de Federico Trillo". El Confidencial (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  5. ^ Moltó, Ezequiel (20 November 2011). "Un exministro de Aznar con tres casas, coche y bufete". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  6. ^ Ponce de León, Rodrigo (7 January 2017). "Federico Trillo, el muñidor judicial del PP". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 March 2023.
  7. ^ "Un comandante (jurídico) al timón de las Cortes". El País (in Spanish). 27 March 1996. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Panorama gráfico". ABC (in Spanish). 22 June 1980. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Trillo se incorporará "con carácter inmediato" al Consejo de Estado". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 3 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
Political offices Preceded byFélix Pons Irazazábal President of the Congress of Deputies 1996 - 2000 Succeeded byLuisa Fernanda Rudi Ubeda Preceded byEduardo Serra Rexach Minister of Defence 2000 - 2004 Succeeded byJosé Bono
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Federico Trillo
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