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Far-right social centre

CasaPound building in Rome

A far-right social centre is a space inspired by neo-fascist and Third Position ideas, typically in the 21st century.

Italy

In Italy, a social centre called Il Bartolo was squatted in Rome, and was burnt down after one year.[1] In 1998, Italian neo-fascists squatted in another building in Rome at Castrense 48 and called it PortAperta.[1] In 2002 neo-fascists squatted in a building and created social centre called CasaMontag.[2] In 2003 Italian neo-fascists squatted in a building in Rome and created the Foro 753 non-conforming centre.[3][4][5] In 2017 members of the far-right Forza Nuova squatted commercial premises in Rome[6] and created a food kitchen only for Italian nationals, in breach of the Constitution of Italy.[7]

CasaPound

In 2003, Italian neo-fascists squatted in a building on Via Napoleone III on the Esquiline Hill and founded the CasaPound (the Ezra Pound's home) social centre.[8] In June 2008 CasaPound constituted an "association of social promotion" and assumed the name CasaPound Italia.[9][10][11] Other CasaPound squats are in Latina (Lazio region) (legalised)[12][13] and Area 19 at via dei Monti della Farnesina 80 in Rome (evicted 2015).[14]

France

Social Bastion was a French neo-fascist political movement that used squatting as a tactic before being banned as a far-right organization in 2019 by the French Government.[15] Members of the student association GUD, squatted a building at 18 rue Port-du-Temps in Lyon, in May 2017. They planned it to help only poor French nationals.[16] The mayor of Lyon Gérard Collomb immediately condemned the occupation and pledged to evict it.[17] It was evicted by 100 police officers after two weeks.[18]

In 2018 local identitarians squatted house in Angers[19] and created social centre L’Alvarium.[20] In 2020 court ordered to evict it.[21][22]

Germany

In 1990 in the territories of former GDR there were located some far-right social centres. One of them was Weilingstraße 122. The centre played the role as a political HQ, a living community and party space for young nationalists.[23] In the 21st century german nationalists, inspired by CasaPound trying again to create their own social centres.[24] In 2019 political party The Third Path owned the building in Plauen[25] and created legal social centre P130.[26][27]

Spain

In Spain, Hogar Social Madrid, also known as Hogar Social Ramiro Ledesma (the Ramiro Ledesma Social Home) was squatted in the Tetuán district in Madrid in August 2014.[28] It was quickly evicted the next month and the group then occupied a building in Chamberí.[29] Some members of the group then split off and attacked the second building, which was also evicted.[30][31]

Ukraine

In 2014, during the Revolution of Dignity Ukrainian nationalists occupied a building in Kyiv city centre and used it as the headquarters of the Azov Battalion and later Cossack House (Ukrainian: Козацький Дім).[32]

References

  1. ^ a b "Okkupazioni, destra in cerca di identitàCentri sociali e case occ upate, un fenomeno nato quando l'Msi cominciò a diffidare dei su oi estremisti". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  2. ^ "Il centro sociale? Anche di Destra Ecco le Occupazioni Non Conformi - la Repubblica.it". 25 January 2004.
  3. ^ "www.753.it". www.753.it. Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  4. ^ Morra e Salvini alla corte (segreta) dell'estrema destra
  5. ^ Il centro sociale? Anche di Destra Ecco le Occupazioni Non Conformi
  6. ^ Roma, Forza Nuova occupa edifici Ater a San Giovanni. "Mensa per soli italiani"
  7. ^ Roma, sull’Appia via il Centro sociale ma rimane lo spazio occupato da Forza Nuova
  8. ^ "Fasci metropolitani. Viaggio nelle catacombe nere". 2006-05-31.
  9. ^ Il doppio volto di CasaPound Italia in bilico tra solidarietà e violenza
  10. ^ Latina, dall’8 al 10 settembre la festa nazionale di CasaPound
  11. ^ Ovvero le Frequently Asked Questions, “domande poste frequentemente” sul nostro movimento.
  12. ^ Latina, deputati Pd: «Casapound con sede abusiva». La replica dei militanti
  13. ^ Interpellanza parlamentare contro CasaPound a Latina
  14. ^ Monte Mario, sgomberata la stazione Farneto: era occupata da 'Area 19'
  15. ^ Belaïch, Charlotte (24 April 2019). "Le gouvernement dissout le Bastion social et six de ses antennes". Libération.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020. Le gouvernement dissout le Bastion social et six de ses antennes
  16. ^ Lyon: le Gud squatte un immeuble pour venir en aide aux Français dans le besoin
  17. ^ À Lyon, le GUD réquisitionne un bâtiment pour aider les Français
  18. ^ A Lyon, le GUD expulsé de son squat
  19. ^ «Préférence nationale au logement». Des jeunes identitaires d’Angers (L’Alvarium) occupent un immeuble
  20. ^ Occupation non conforme
  21. ^ [https://www.breizh-info.com/2020/09/16/150519/alvarium-angers-anjou-squat/ Occupation d’un bâtiment par l’Alvarium à Angers. «La lutte à mort nous rend joyeux» L'Àgora
  22. ^ Angers : un squat identitaire devant la justice
  23. ^ Warnecke, Jakob, "Failed takeover: The phenomenon of right-wing squatting". In Grashoff, Udo (eds.) Comparative Approaches to Informal Housing Around the Globe. pp. 223-237
  24. ^ "Neue Rechte auf Italiens Straßen" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-08-21. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  25. ^ Eine Nazipartei macht sich in Plauen breit
  26. ^ T-Hemd – Nationalrevolutionäres Zentrum „P 130“
  27. ^ Eva Grigori, "Jugend im Sturm" oder viel heiße Luft? Zur Jugendarbeit der extremen Rechten
  28. ^ "El grupo neonazi desalojado de Tetuán en septiembre ocupa otro inmueble en Madrid". 22 December 2014.
  29. ^ "Xenofobia y caridad: ayuda sólo para españoles". 12 September 2014.
  30. ^ "Hogar Social Madrid: el colectivo neonazi que reparte comida "solo para españoles", protesta frente al Ayuntamiento y ataca la mezquita". 2016-03-23.
  31. ^ "Hay un neonazi en mi archivo del NO-DO". 23 May 2016.
  32. ^ "Почему Министерство ветеранов Украины сотрудничает с ультраправыми и чем это чревато для США". Беллингкэт (in Russian). 11 November 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2021.

Bibliography

  • Domenico Di Tullio, Centri sociali di destra. Occupazioni e culture non conformi, Roma, Castelvecchi, 2006. ISBN 88-7615-105-2.
  • Daniele Di Nunzio ed Emanuele Toscano, Dentro e fuori Casapound. Capire il fascismo del Terzo Millennio, Roma, Armando Editore, 2011. ISBN 978-88-6081-926-0
  • Nicola Rao, La Fiamma e la Celtica. Sessant'anni di neofascismo da Salò ai centri sociali di destra, Roma, Sperling & Kupfer, 2006. ISBN 8820041936
  • Warnecke, Jakob, Failed takeover: The phenomenon of right-wing squatting. In Grashoff, Udo (eds.) Comparative Approaches to Informal Housing Around the Globe, London, UCL.Press, 2020. pp. 223-237. ISBN 88-7615-105-2

See also

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Far-right social centre
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