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Fallowfield

Fallowfield
Wilmslow Road, Fallowfield (part of the east side between Moseley Road and Egerton Road)
Fallowfield is located in Greater Manchester
Fallowfield
Fallowfield
Location within Greater Manchester
Population15,211 (2011 census)
OS grid referenceSJ855935
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM14
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
Councillors
  • Ali R. Ilyas (Labour)
  • Zahra Alijah (Labour)
  • Jade Doswell (Labour)
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°26′33″N 2°13′07″W / 53.4425°N 2.2186°W / 53.4425; -2.2186

Fallowfield is a bustling area of Manchester, it had a population at the 2011 census of 1,348,091.[1] Historically in Lancashire, it lies 3 miles (5 km) south of Manchester city centre and is bisected east–west by Wilbraham Road and north–south by Wilmslow Road. The former Fallowfield Loop railway line, now a shared use path, follows a route nearly parallel with the east–west main road (Moseley Road/Wilbraham Road).

The area has a very large student population. The University of Manchester's main accommodation complex – the Fallowfield Campus – occupies a large area in the north; these are adjacent to the university's Owens Park halls of residence and the Firs Botanical Grounds. In the north-west of the suburb is Platt Fields Park; this is formed from part of the land which once belonged to the Platts of Platt Hall.

History

The early medieval linear earthwork Nico Ditch passes through Platt Fields Park in Fallowfield and dates from the 8th or 9th century.[2]

Early Fallowfield was an ill-defined area north of Withington until the mid-19th century. The first mention of Fallowfield is in a deed of 1317 (as "Fallafeld"). During the 14th century at least part of the land in Fallowfield was held by Jordan de Fallafeld. In 1530 it was mentioned as "Falowfelde". Withington formed a sub-manor within the large Manor of Manchester. The Platt Estate in the north was first owned by the Platts and later by the Worsleys. The building of Wilbraham Road to connect Fallowfield with Edge Lane in Chorlton-cum-Hardy in 1869 enabled development west of the Wilmslow Road crossing. Some wealthy people (e.g. Joseph Whitworth, "The Firs", and the Behrens family, "The Oaks") built mansions in the area and in the early 20th century the university began to establish halls of residence (the earliest being Ashburne Hall, 1910, in a house donated by the family of Behrens) which have since become very extensive. There was a second period of building houses by members of the prosperous middle class in the 1850s: these included Egerton Lodge, Norton House and Oak House, while the Manchester architect Alfred Waterhouse built Barcombe Cottage as his own home on Oak Drive.[3]

Under the Poor Law Fallowfield formed part of the Chorlton Poor Law Union (administered from Chorlton-on-Medlock). From 1876 to 1894 Fallowfield was included in the area of the Withington Local Board of Health which was replaced by the Withington Urban District Council in 1894. (In 1895 Rusholme and the northern part of Fallowfield were incorporated into the city of Manchester. In 1904 the whole of the urban district was absorbed into the city of Manchester, though until 1914 there was a separate Withington Committee of the Corporation and rates were lower than in the rest of the city.

In 1891 Fallowfield railway station on the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway's line from Chorlton-cum-Hardy to Fairfield was opened. During the first half of the 20th century the Manchester Corporation tramway on Moseley and Wilbraham Roads provided access to other southern suburbs and via Princess Road to the city centre.[4] In 1986 the UK's first drive-through McDonald's opened in Fallowfield.[5] and more recently a Sainsbury's supermarket has been opened on the site of the railway station.

Governance

Fallowfield electoral ward within Manchester City Council.

Following boundary changes in 2018, different parts of the Fallowfield ward (which does not coincide with the area popularly known as Fallowfield) are parts of Manchester Gorton and Manchester Central parliamentary constituencies.

Councillors

Fallowfield ward is represented on Manchester City Council by three councillors, Ali Ilyas,[6] Zahra Alijah[7] and Jade Doswell of the Labour Party. Former Fallowfield Councillor Peter Morrison served as an Honorary Alderman for the city.[8]

Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2004 John-Paul Wilkins (Lib Dem) Peter Morrison (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2006 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Peter Morrison (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2007 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Peter Morrison (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2008 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Peter Morrison (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2010 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Peter Morrison (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2011 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2012 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2014 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2015 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) David Royle (Lab)
2016 Mike Amesbury (Lab Co-op) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) Zahra Alijah (Lab)
By-election
27 July 2017
[9]
Ali R. Ilyas (Lab) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab) Zahra Alijah (Lab)
2018 Ali R. Ilyas (Lab) Zahra Alijah (Lab) Grace Fletcher-Hackwood (Lab)
2019 Jade Doswell (Lab) Zahra Alijah (Lab) Ali R. Ilyas (Lab)
2021 Jade Doswell (Lab) Zahra Alijah (Lab) Ali R. Ilyas (Lab)

  indicates seat up for re-election.   indicates seat won in by-election.

Geography

Ladybarn is the part of Fallowfield to the south-east. Chancellors Hotel & Conference Centre is used by the University of Manchester: it was built by Edward Walters for Sir Joseph Whitworth,[10] as were the Firs Botanical Grounds.

Religion

Holy Innocents Church

Holy Innocents Church (Anglican) stands on Wilbraham Road: the church was built in 1870–72 by the architects Price & Linklater using sandstone masonry. The style is Gothic revival and in 1983–84 the interior of the church was altered to designs by the Ellis Williams Partnership. The church was damaged by fire in 1954. The tower is at the south-east corner and is topped by an octagonal spire. The stained glass windows are mostly of the 1890s. After the closing of the nearby parish church of St James, Birch, in 1979 the two parishes were united under the name of the parish of Holy Innocents and St James.[11] There is a student-friendly independent church meeting in the 256 bar next door (Ivy Fallowfield Church) and a Union Baptist Chapel not far away southwards. There is also a Seventh-day Adventist church in Wilbraham Road.

Wilbraham Road is also the site of the stylistically eclectic and, for its time, structurally innovative former South Manchester Synagogue (1913–2003); the building has been converted to other uses.

The More building of the Allen Hall Complex (a Roman Catholic hall of residence): see below, Education

Platt Chapel on Wilmslow Road south of Grangethorpe Road was a family chapel of the Worsleys of Platt Hall built in 1699. The present building is a rebuilding of 1790 modified in 1874–75. The congregation began as Independents (Congregationalists) and became Unitarian during the early 19th century. Since it ceased to be used for worship in 1970 it has been used by various local societies. The graveyard, which used to be larger, is surrounded by Platt Fields Park.[12]

Education

Fallowfield Campus, Manchester Metropolitan University in 1985 (the main building is known as the Toast Rack building)

Lady Barn House School, an independent primary school, was founded in Fallowfield in 1873 by William Henry Herford and took its name from the existing Ladybarn House which became its second home. In the 1950s, it moved to Cheadle.

Other schools and colleges in Fallowfield are:

Transport

The first flight into Fallowfield was made in 1912; the pilot was Mr Yoxall who flew the Avro 500 biplane from Trafford Park Aerodrome into a temporary air strip[citation needed]

Buses

Fallowfield has an excellent bus service along Wilmslow Road and other services connect it with Levenshulme and Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Sheffield and Manchester Airport. Services are operated by Go North West, Hulleys of Baslow and Stagecoach Manchester.

Local bus routes include:

  • CrossCity 41: Sale - Fallowfield - Hospitals - Manchester - Cheetham Hill - Middleton
  • 42/42A/42B/42C: Manchester - Stockport (some services extending to Reddish, Woodford and Handforth Dean)
  • 43: Manchester Airport - Wythenshawe - Manchester
  • 142: East Didsbury – The Christie – Fallowfield – Manchester Royal Infirmary – Manchester
  • 143: West Didsbury – Fallowfield – Rusholme – Manchester

Railway

The nearest National Rail station is Mauldeth Road, on the Styal Line. Services connect Manchester Airport and Manchester Piccadilly with other locations in the North-West, including Liverpool and Blackpool.

The former Fallowfield loop railway line

Until 1958, Fallowfield had its own railway station, located on Wilmslow Road, which provided trains between Manchester Central Station and Fairfield and Gorton.[16] The site is now occupied by a Sainsbury's supermarket and a block of flats; the station building itself serving as a Sainsbury's cafe. The railway line continued as a freight line until it was closed in 1988. After years of the line lying derelict, the old trackbed was repurposed around 2001 as a shared use path and, today, the Fallowfield Loop route runs from Fairfield station to St Werburgh's Road Metrolink station. The route is run by Sustrans and forms part of Routes 6 and 60 of the National Cycle Network.[17][18]

Sport

Manchester students kicking off a match at Fallowfield Stadium in 1985

The 1893 FA Cup Final was played at Fallowfield Stadium, in which Wolverhampton Wanderers beat Everton 1–0, with Harry Allen scoring the only goal of the game. The stadium also hosted the cycling events for the 1934 British Empire Games, the Amateur Athletic Association championships in 1897 and 1907 and two Northern Rugby Football Union (later Rugby Football League) Challenge Cup finals in 1899 and 1900. It was demolished in 1994, and the site is now Manchester University's Richmond Park Halls of Residence.[19]

Musical associations

A TV broadcast called the Gospel and Blues Train featuring Muddy Waters, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee and other blues singers was recorded by Granada TV at Wilbraham Road railway station on Thursday, 7 May 1964, after the station was closed to passenger traffic.[20]

Fallowfield was the subject of the penultimate track on Manchester band the Courteeners debut album, St Jude, entitled "Fallowfield Hillbilly". The Chemical Brothers met at the University of Manchester and played their first gig at 'The Bop', a popular student night that was located within the University of Manchester's Owens Park halls of residence.

Garage vocal group Platnum who had hit singles "What’s It Gonna Be" and "Love Shy" reaching number 2 in the UK charts with the former. Platnum members Aaron Evers and Michelle Mckenna's families still reside in the suburb

Notable residents

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ "City of Manchester ward population 2011". Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  2. ^ Nevell 1998, pp. 40–41
  3. ^ Cooper, Glynis (2002) The Illustrated History of Manchester's Suburbs. Derby: Breedon Books; pp. 75-76
  4. ^ Yearsley, Ian (1962) The Manchester Tram. Huddersfield: Advertiser Press; pp. 58, 70, 134, 210
  5. ^ "The McDonald's drive-thru at 30: A journey back to an exotic experience", BBC News, 29 December 2016, archived from the original on 29 December 2016, retrieved 29 December 2016
  6. ^ "Ali Ilyas". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Zahra Alijah". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Manchester City Council - Fallowfield ward councillors". Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  9. ^ "Elections result 27 July 2017". Manchester City Council. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  10. ^ Hartwell, Clare et al. (2004) Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East. (The Buildings of England) New Haven: Yale University Press ISBN 0-300-10583-5; p. 466–481
  11. ^ Cooper (2002); p. 77
  12. ^ Hartwell, Clare, et al. (2004) Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East. (The Buildings of England) New Haven: Yale University Press ISBN 0-300-10583-5; p. 469
  13. ^ The school moved to Grangethorpe Road in the 1930s from Dover Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock.
  14. ^ Hollings College ran courses in domestic science and catering. The distinctive college buildings were designed with parts shaped like a toast rack and a poached egg. On 1 January 1977, the college and Didsbury College of Education were amalgamated with Manchester Polytechnic, later to become the Metropolitan University.
  15. ^ Cooper, Glynis (2002) The Illustrated History of Manchester's Suburbs. Derby: Breedon Books; p. 77
  16. ^ "Fallowfield". Disused Stations. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Fallowfield Loopline". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Friends of the Fallowfield Loop". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  19. ^ The Harris Stadium (formerly Fallowfield Stadium), UK Running Track Directory, retrieved 29 September 2007
  20. ^ "When the Blues train rolled into Chorlton". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  21. ^ 100 Years of Manchester High School for Girls, 1874–1974. Manchester: Manchester High School for Girls (compiled by K. L. Hilton)
  22. ^ "Actress Jessie Wallace on playing Pat Phoenix in Corrie drama". Manchester Evening News. 7 September 2010.
  23. ^ "Sam Delaney on the Central Station artists". The Guardian. 31 May 2008.
  24. ^ "Jack Whitehall on his love affair with Manchester - from mooning on the Manchester Eye, having his front door stolen in Fallowfield and being 'chased out' of Oldham biker pub". Manchester Evening News. 6 May 2023.
  25. ^ "Young, gifted and punk: my mad days with Rik Mayall". theconversation.com. 18 June 2014.
  26. ^ "Pictured: Looking back at Owens Park student halls in Fallowfield over the years". Manchester Evening News. 5 November 2014.
  27. ^ "Career Bio". Dennis Viollet.com. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  28. ^ "The Smiths' Mike Joyce: 'I know people say never say never but 'never' is the most appropriate word'". The Irish Times. 3 October 2022.
  29. ^ Luckhurst, Samuel (26 September 2019). "Luke Matheson breaks silence on goal vs Manchester United for Rochdale". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  30. ^ Bowie-Sell, Daisy (26 December 2016). "Fisayo Akinade: 'Judi Dench made me feel her palms'". WhatsOnStage. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  31. ^ "Q&A with Fisayo Akinade". Black History Month Magazine 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  32. ^ Somerfield, Ferelith (1999). Mission Accomplished: The Life and Times of Florence Nagle, 1894–1988: the Woman who Took on Both the Jockey Club and the Kennel Club, and Won. Dog World Publications. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-9500418-9-6.
Bibliography

Further reading

  • Sussex, Gay; Helm, Peter (1984). Looking back at Rusholme and Fallowfield. Altrincham: Willow.
  • Williamson, Annie C. (Mrs. W. C. Williamson) (1888). Sketches of Fallowfield and the Surrounding Manors. London: John Heywood.
  • Williamson, W.C. (1988). Fallowfield.
  • "Fallowfield Brow and Oak Drive". rusholmearchive.org. Rusholme & Victoria Park Archive.
  • "Fallowfield Stadium 1892-1994". rusholmearchive.org. Rusholme & Victoria Park Archive.
  • "Mary Broom's Farm". rusholmearchive.org. Rusholme & Victoria Park Archive.
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Fallowfield
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