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Ezeiza, Buenos Aires

Ezeiza
City
City Hall
City Hall
Ezeiza is located in Greater Buenos Aires
Ezeiza
Ezeiza
Coordinates: 34°50′S 58°31′W / 34.833°S 58.517°W / -34.833; -58.517
Country Argentina
Province Buenos Aires
PartidoEzeiza
Founded17 July 1885
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total160,219
DemonymEzeizenses
CPA Base
B 1804
Area code+54 11
WebsiteOfficial website

Ezeiza (Latin American Spanish: [eˈsejsa]) is the capital city of the Ezeiza Partido within the Greater Buenos Aires area in Argentina. The city had a population of 160,219 in 2010. Ezeiza is one of the fastest-growing cities in Argentina; the city and its surroundings are known for the many gated communities there, as well as for the Ministro Pistarini International Airport and the Ezeiza Federal Prison Complex. Ezeiza and its surrounds are known as affluent areas.[citation needed]

History

Inhabited originally by the Querandí people, the land was then claimed by the Conquistadores in 1588. The first estancia (Los Remedios) and chapel in the area were founded by Juan Guillermo González y Aragón in 1758; one of González's great-grandsons was Manuel Belgrano, one of the most notable leaders of the Argentine War of Independence. Gerónimo Ezeiza bought land nearby in 1767, and by the late 19th century his descendant José María Ezeiza became the largest landowner in the area. Following his death, Ezeiza's son-in-law donated land to the Buenos Aires Western Railway, and the town was founded around the new line on 17 July 1885; it was named in honor of the late José María Ezeiza.[1]

Cloverleaf interchange between the Ricchieri Freeway and the Ezeiza-Cañuelas Freeway, near Pistarini International Airport. The Barrio Uno subdivision is visible on the upper right-hand corner.

Dairy farming dominated the Ezeiza landscape during the early 20th century.[1] The town was chosen as the site of the nation's first international airport, which was inaugurated on the northern end of the city in 1949; a new neighborhood, Barrio Uno, was built just north of the airport that year to house its employees, and the Ricchieri Freeway was opened in 1952 to connect the new airport to the city of Buenos Aires. The National Atomic Energy Commission established the Ezeiza Atomic Center, a leading producer of radioisotopes for medical use, in 1967.[2] The freeway was scene of the Ezeiza Massacre, in which at least 13 died in clashes between left and right-wing Peronists vying for the best vantage points from which to view the motorcade for exiled former President Juan Perón upon his return to Argentina on 20 June 1973.[3]

Ezeiza grew steadily afterward as a bedroom community, and a number of gated communities were developed (particularly in or near Canning, south of the city) from the 1990s onward. The Bosques de Ezeiza ('Ezeiza Woods') are likewise an important tourist attraction for the area.[1]

Other important institutions include the Dr. Alberto Eurnekian Hospital (2008), and the Provincial University of Ezeiza - which opened its doors in 2012 as the first university dedicated to aeronautics in Latin America; a proposal was submitted later that year to the National University Council by the school for its nationalization.[4]

Part of Esteban Echeverría Partido since its establishment in 1913, Ezeiza was made the seat of its namesake county upon its own establishment in 1994.[5] A new, postmodern city hall was inaugurated in 2007.[6]

Climate

Climate data for Ministro Pistarini International Airport, Ezeiza (1991–2020, extremes 1961–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.0
(107.6)
38.8
(101.8)
39.1
(102.4)
34.1
(93.4)
30.2
(86.4)
27.4
(81.3)
31.5
(88.7)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
35.8
(96.4)
38.6
(101.5)
41.1
(106.0)
42.0
(107.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
28.8
(83.8)
26.8
(80.2)
22.9
(73.2)
19.0
(66.2)
15.9
(60.6)
15.0
(59.0)
17.5
(63.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72.0)
25.8
(78.4)
29.0
(84.2)
22.7
(72.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
23.0
(73.4)
21.0
(69.8)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
10.8
(51.4)
9.8
(49.6)
11.8
(53.2)
13.8
(56.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.0
(68.0)
22.7
(72.9)
17.0
(62.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.4
(59.7)
11.8
(53.2)
8.9
(48.0)
6.1
(43.0)
5.2
(41.4)
6.6
(43.9)
8.3
(46.9)
11.2
(52.2)
13.8
(56.8)
16.2
(61.2)
11.5
(52.7)
Record low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
3.8
(38.8)
1.9
(35.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.0
(23.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.0
(32.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 99.8
(3.93)
108.5
(4.27)
100.1
(3.94)
100.6
(3.96)
70.3
(2.77)
48.4
(1.91)
56.9
(2.24)
59.3
(2.33)
65.4
(2.57)
106.6
(4.20)
99.5
(3.92)
99.5
(3.92)
1,014.9
(39.96)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 7.3 7.4 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.2 7.0 9.2 8.2 7.7 88.5
Average snowy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Average relative humidity (%) 65.6 70.6 74.2 77.3 79.7 78.5 77.6 73.8 71.7 71.9 67.0 64.1 72.7
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[7][8][9][10]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b c "Historia de Ezeiza". Municipalidad de Ezeiza. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013.
  2. ^ "CNEA" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Presidencia de Cámpora". Todo Argentina.
  4. ^ "Razones para la Nacionalización de la Universidad Provincial de Ezeiza" (PDF). UPE. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Esteban Echeverría". Historia Metro. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Inauguran el edificio Municipal en Ezeiza". 26 Noticias.
  7. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales - período 1991-2020" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  8. ^ "Estadísticas Climatológicas Normales – período 1991–2020" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 2023. Archived from the original on 8 July 2023. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  9. ^ "Estadística climatológica de la República Argentina Período 1991-2000" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 9 May 2023. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  10. ^ "Clima en la Argentina: Guia Climática por Ezeiza Aero". Caracterización: Estadísticas de largo plazo (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
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Ezeiza, Buenos Aires
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