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Evacuation of Finnish Karelia

.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Finnish. (November 2017) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Finnish Wikipedia article at [[:fi:Siirtoväki]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|fi|Siirtoväki)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Evacuees from Muolaa municipality, Finnish Karelia, going to western Finland, beginning of the Winter War.

As a result of the 1940 Moscow Peace Treaty that concluded the Winter War, Finland ceded a portion of Finnish Karelia along with other territories to the Soviet Union. As a result, about 410,000 people,[1] or 12% of Finland's population, were relocated to the remaining parts of Finland.[2]

The treaty did not require Finland to empty the ceded territory, but few were willing to stay, and almost the whole population chose to relocate, taking their belongings with them.[citation needed] Only the buildings and machinery were to be left behind intact as per the Peace Treaty, which for the most part also took place.[citation needed]

During the Continuation War, some 260,000 of the displaced population returned home.[3] In June 1944, Finnish troops partially withdrew from the ceded areas again as a result of the Soviet Fourth strategic offensive. Simultaneously, the population was again evacuated.

An evacuee family resettled in the Askola parish in Southern Finland, toiling on the field.

The Paris Peace Treaty finally confirmed the loss of Finland's territory. The evacuees were permanently settled in Finland. The government of Finland subsidized the resettlement in two ways:

  • Resettlers were subsidized. Families were allocated land in proportion to their former property. In addition, everyone evacuated from Finnish Karelia was given the right to receive a homestead and city-dwellers and business-owners were given monetary compensation. The right to homestead was also extended to war veterans, widows and orphans of war.
  • Private owners of the land given to resettlers were monetarily compensated for the loss of real estate.

Since the 1990s, some associations have demanded the return of Finnish Karelia to Finland.

See also


  1. ^ Karjalainen siirtoväki Archived 2012-03-19 at the Wayback Machine. Yle Teema. Retrieved 2009-07-28. (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Wuorinen, John H. (1948). "The Finnish Treaty". The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 257: 87–96. doi:10.1177/000271624825700110. ISSN 0002-7162. JSTOR 1026636. S2CID 144773418. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  3. ^ "An OSS Report on Wartime Population Changes in the Baltic" Archived 2013-01-11 at the Wayback Machine, Lithuanian Quarterly J. on Arts and Sci. Vol. 27, No. 3, 1981
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Evacuation of Finnish Karelia
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