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Ermenek

Ermenek
Ermenek, April 2012
Ermenek, April 2012
Ermenek is located in Turkey
Ermenek
Ermenek
Location in Turkey
Ermenek is located in Turkey Central Anatolia
Ermenek
Ermenek
Ermenek (Turkey Central Anatolia)
Coordinates: 36°38′20″N 32°53′33″E / 36.63889°N 32.89250°E / 36.63889; 32.89250
CountryTurkey
ProvinceKaraman
DistrictErmenek
Government
 • MayorMustafa Bozcu (CHP)
Elevation
1,196 m (3,924 ft)
Population
 (2022)[1]
11,629
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
70400
Area code0338
Websitewww.ermenek.bel.tr

Ermenek is a town in Karaman Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. It is the seat of Ermenek District.[2] Its population is 11,629 (2022).[1] As ancient Germanicopolis (in Isauria; has namesakes), a former bishopric, it remains a Latin Catholic titular see.

Names

The town was historically known as Germanicopolis (Greek: Γερμανικόπολις), Germanig and possibly Clibanus;[3] which later mutated to Ermenek.

History

Germanicopolis was an ancient town in the Roman province of Isauria.[4] The city took its name from Germanicus, grandson of first Emperor Octavian Augustus, as several others.

The Crusaders sustained a great defeat at the hands of the Seljuks near the city in 1098. It passed to the Turkish dynasty of the Karamanids and became a centre of the Afşar Turks in 1228. During the Karamanid period, several of Ermenek's historical mosques were constructed, notably : Akca Mosque (1300), Ermenek Grand Mosque (1302), Sipas Mosque (1306) and Meydan mosque (1436).

It was later incorporated into the Ottoman Empire, becoming part of the Karaman Eyalet, where it was the second most important town after Karaman itself.

Ecclesiastical history

No later than the 5th century, Germanicopolis became a suffragan bishopric of the Archdiocese of Seleucia in Isauria, in the sway of the Patriarchate of Antioch.

Four of its bishops are known during the Byzantine government :

Titular see

The diocese was nominally restored no later than 1717 as Latin Titular bishopric of Germanicopolis (Latin) / Germanicopoli (Curiate Italian) / Germanicopolitan(us) (Latin adjective).

It is vacant since decades, having had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

  • Gottfried Langwerth von Simmern (1717.05.10 – death 1741.06.19) as Auxiliary Bishop Diocese of Regensburg (Germany) (1717.05.10 – 1741.06.19)
  • Giacomo Filippo Consoli (1741.11.27 – 1743.12.02) (Italian), as Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Acquapendente (1741.12.09 – 1743.12.02); later Bishop of Amelia (Italy) (1743.12.02 – death 1770.07)
  • Michael Ignatius Frivaisz (1744.02.03 – death 1748.10.07) no actual prelature
  • Archbishop James Butler (1773.03.15 – 1774.05.17) as Coadjutor Archbishop of Cashel (Ireland) (1773.03.15 – 1774.05.17), next succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Cashel (1774.05.17 – death 1791.07.29)
  • Bishop-elect Lorenzo D’Antoni (1815.12.18 – ?) (Italian), no actual prelature
  • Johann Michael von Sailer (1822.09.27 – 1829.10.23) as Coadjutor Bishop of Diocese of Regensburg (Germany) (1822.09.27 – 1829.10.23), next succeeding as Bishop of Regensburg (1829.10.23 – 1832.05.20)
  • Manuel José Pardio Lizama (1840.04.27 – death 1861.05) as Auxiliary Bishop of Yucatán (Mexico) (1840.04.27 – 1861.05)
  • Joseph Larocque (1867.01.15 – death 1887.11.18) as emeritate; previously Titular Bishop of Cydonia (1852.07.06 – 1860.06.22) as Coadjutor Bishop of Montréal (Quebec, Canada) (1852.07.06 – 1860.06.22), Bishop of Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada) (1860.06.22 – 1866.02.04)
  • Joseph-Auguste Chevalier, Paris Foreign Missions Society (M.E.P.) (born France) (1873.11.11 – death 1880.03.25) as Apostolic Vicar of Mysore (British India) (1873.11.11 – 1880.03.25)
  • André-Albert Blais (1889.12.28 – 1891.02.06) as Coadjutor Bishop of Saint-Germain de Rimouski (Canada) (1889.12.28 – 1891.02.06), next succeeded as Bishop of Saint-Germain de Rimouski (1891.02.06 – death 1919.01.23)
  • John Conmy (1892.05.25 – 1893.04.23) as Coadjutor Bishop of Killala (Ireland) (1892.05.25 – 1893.04.23), next succeeded as

Bishop of Killala (1893.04.23 – death 1911.08.26)

Notable natives

  • Lütfi Elvan (born 1962), mining engineer, politician and government minister

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  2. ^ İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  3. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 66 & text.
  4. ^ Public Domain Smith, William, ed. (1854). "Germanicopolis". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. Vol. 1. London: John Murray. p. 998.
  5. ^ Brooks, Sixth Book of the Letters of Severus, 13, 26, 80
  6. ^ Le Quien, Or. christ., II, 1027)

Gallery

Sources and external links

Bibliography
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Ermenek
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