For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Epiglottal plosive.

Epiglottal plosive

Epiglottal plosive
(pharyngeal plosive)
IPA Number173
Audio sample
Entity (decimal)ʡ
Unicode (hex)U+02A1
Braille⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)

The epiglottal or pharyngeal plosive (or stop) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʡ.

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]


The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Amis 'u'ul [ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ] 'fog' May have a trilled release, ʢ].
Archi[2] гӀарз/g'arz [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[3] [tɬʼaːʡa] 'lake'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /q/ in southern dialects.
Ingush[4] Ӏам/wam [ʡam] 'lake, pond' Also represented with "Ӏ" in the Cyrillic orthography.

See also


  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ "The Archi Language Tutorial" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  3. ^ Maddieson et al. (1993:27, 30, 33)
  4. ^ Nichols, Johanna (2011). Ingush grammar (1st ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-09877-0. OCLC 468975855.


{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Epiglottal plosive
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?