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Elbrus 2000

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Elbrus 2000
General information
Launched2007; 17 years ago (2007)
Designed byMoscow Center of SPARC Technologies (MCST)
Common manufacturer
Performance
Max. CPU clock rate300 MHz
Architecture and classification
Instruction setElbrus
Physical specifications
Cores
  • 1

The Elbrus 2000 (or e2k; Russian: Эльбрус 2000) is a Russian 512-bit wide VLIW microprocessor developed by Moscow Center of SPARC Technologies (MCST) and fabricated by TSMC.

It supports two instruction set architectures (ISA): Elbrus VLIW and Intel x86 (a complete, system-level implementation with a software dynamic binary translation virtual machine, similar to Transmeta Crusoe).

Due to its unique architecture, the Elbrus 2000 can execute 20 instructions per clock, so even with its modest clock speed it can compete with much faster clocked superscalar microprocessors when running in native VLIW mode.[1][2] For security reasons, the Elbrus 2000 architecture implements dynamic data type-checking during execution. In order to prevent unauthorized access, each pointer has additional type information that is verified when the associated data is accessed.[3]

Supported operating systems

Elbrus 2000 information

Produced 2005
Process CMOS 0.13 μm
Clock rate 300 MHz
Peak performance
  • 64 bit: 5.8 GIPS
  • 32 bit: 9.5 GIPS
  • 16 bit: 12.3 GIPS
  • 8 bit: 22.6 GIPS
Data format
  • integer: 32, 64
  • float: 32, 64, 80
Cache
  • 64 KB L1 instruction cache
  • 64 KB L1 data cache
  • 256 KB L2 cache
Data transfer rate
  • to cache: 9.6 GB/s
  • to main memory: 4.8 GB/s
Transistors 75.8 million
Connection layers 8
Packing / pins HFCBGA / 900
Chip size 31×31×2.5 mm
Voltage 1.05 / 3.3 V
Power consumption 6 W

Comparative

Comparative table of technical characteristics Elbrus processors
Russian Designation English Designation Architecture Cores GHz GFLOPS NUMA L2 (MB) L3 (MB) RAM Graphics card Int. Southbridge Ext. Southbridge Watts TSMC Technical process Year
Эльбрус Elbrus e2k-v1 1 0.300 2.4 No ¼ No ext. counter No No No 6 130 nm 2007
Эльбрус-S Elbrus-S e2k-v2 1 0.500 4 4 2 No 3×DDR3-1600 No No KPI-1 13 90 nm 2010
Эльбрус-2C+ Elbrus-2C+ e2k-v2 2 0.500 8 4 2 No 3×DDR3-1600 No No KPI-1 25 90 nm 2012
Эльбрус-4С Elbrus-4C e2k-v3 4 0.800 25 4 8 No 3×DDR3-1600 No No KPI-1 45 65 nm 2013
Эльбрус-1С+ Elbrus-1C+ e2k-v4 1 1.000 12 No 2 No 2×DDR3-1600 MGA2 + GC2500 No KPI-2 10 40 nm 2016
Эльбрус-1СК Elbrus-1SK e2k-v4 1 1.000 12 No 2 No 1×DDR3-1600 MGA2 + GC2500 KPI-2 No 20 40 nm 2018
Эльбрус-8С Elbrus-8S e2k-v4 8 1.300 125 4 4 16 4×DDR3-1600 No No KPI-2 80 28 nm 2016
Эльбрус-8С1 Elbrus-8S1 e2k-v4 8 1.300 125 4 4 16 4×DDR3-1600 No No KPI-2 80 28 nm 2018
Эльбрус-8СВ Elbrus-8SV e2k-v5 8 1.500 288 4 4 16 4×DDR4-2400 No No KPI-2 90 28 nm 2018
Эльбрус-2С3 Elbrus-2S3 e2k-v6 2 2.000 96 No 4 No 2×DDR4-2400 MGA2.5 + GX6650 EIOH KPI-2 10 16 nm 2021
Эльбрус-12C Elbrus-12S e2k-v6 12 2.000 576 2 12 24 2×DDR4-2666 No EIOH KPI-2 100 16 nm 2021
Эльбрус-16C Elbrus-16S e2k-v6 16 2.000 768 4 16 32 8×DDR4-2666 No EIOH KPI-2 120 16 nm 2021
Эльбрус-32C Elbrus-32S e2k-v7 32 2.500 1500 4 ? ? 6×DDR5 No ? ? ? 7 nm 2025
Legend:   Old model   Current model   Future model

Note: in the "Year" column the date of completion of the development work on the creation of the "microcircuit" is indicated. The appearance on the market of ready-made computing modules and machines takes at least 1 year, and multiprocessor systems and complex computing systems – at least 2 years.

Successors

References

  1. ^ "Elbrus Compilers". elbrus2k.wikidot.com. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Elbrus E2K Speculations". xbitlabs.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Euro-Par 2000 Parallel Processing; 6th international Euro-Par Conference Munich, Germany, August/September 2000 Proceedings". elbrus2k.wikidot.com. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  4. ^ "The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has certified the latest real-time operating system "BagrOS-4000" for multi-core processors, developed by PJSC Sukhoi Company". Archived from the original on 21 October 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ Embox, a real-time operating system for embedded systems
  6. ^ "Russian microprocessor firms to challenge Intel and AMD on domestic market". rbth.co.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  7. ^ "МЦСТ готовит выпуск материнских плат на базе процессора Эльбрус-2СМ, произведенного на Микроне". mcst.ru. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Микропроцессор Эльбрус-4С готов к серийному производству". mcst.ru. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Новый 8-ядерный микропроцессор Эльбрус-8С". mcst.ru. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
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Elbrus 2000
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