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El Maitén

El Maitén
El Maitén is located in Argentina
El Maitén
El Maitén
Location of El Maitén in Argentina
Coordinates: 42°03′S 71°10′W / 42.050°S 71.167°W / -42.050; -71.167
CountryArgentina
ProvinceChubut
DepartmentCushamen
Founded22 December 1942
Government
 • MayorOscár Rubén Currilén (Justicialist Party)
Elevation
625 m (2,051 ft)
Population
 • Total3,782
DemonymMaitenense
Time zoneUTC-3 (ART)
CPA base
U9210
Dialing code+54 2945
ClimateCsb

El Maitén is a town in Argentina in Cushamen Department on the margins of the Chubut River, on the northwest of Chubut Province, in Patagonia. In older times it was the intermediate point in the railroad tracks of the Old Patagonian Express between the towns of Ingeniero Jacobacci and Esquel.

Location

The town is located 5 km (3 mi) south of the 42 parallel (inter-province border between the provinces of Río Negro and Chubut), at 720 m (2,362 ft) AMSL. Ex-Provincial route 40 runs through it on a north–south direction, which connects to the city of Esquel 135 km (84 mi) south.

Other connecting routes to El Maitén are National Route 243 towards El Bolsón and Bariloche in Río Negro Province, and Provincial routes RP 4 and RP 71, connecting to Cushamen and Epuyén respectively.

El Maitén lies 35 km (22 mi) south of Ñorquincó, 55 km (34 mi) east of El Bolsón, and 70 km (43 mi) northwest of Cushamen, and 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Epuyén.

Geography and climate

The town of El Maitén lies on the right bank of the Chubut River. The river's valley is of glacial origin, and in this region it runs in a north–south direction on the first highlands of the Andes to the west, and the ancient formations of Patagonia to the east. The topography is mountainous, but of lower elevation, always under 2,000 m (6,562 ft).

This geographic region is a clear example of the transition between the humid wooded Andes areas to the West, and the classic more arid steppes of central Patagonia. Typical native trees of the area are the Austrocedrus chilensis, Coihue (Nothofagus dombeyi), Ñire (Nothofagus antarctica), and over 2,000 meters AMSL the Lenga (Nothofagus pumilio).

The climate is semi-steppe, with humid winters with occasional strong snows and an annual precipitation between, 300 and 500 mm (11.8 and 19.7 in).

Climate data for El Maitén
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
34.4
(93.9)
32.2
(90.0)
26.1
(79.0)
21.6
(70.9)
17.7
(63.9)
16.6
(61.9)
19.7
(67.5)
22.6
(72.7)
26.8
(80.2)
29.9
(85.8)
33.6
(92.5)
34.4
(93.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
20.6
(69.1)
15.9
(60.6)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
15.2
(59.4)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
15.1
(59.2)
12.8
(55.0)
8.8
(47.8)
5.7
(42.3)
4.0
(39.2)
3.0
(37.4)
3.9
(39.0)
6.2
(43.2)
8.7
(47.7)
11.2
(52.2)
13.8
(56.8)
8.9
(48.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
6.5
(43.7)
4.4
(39.9)
2.0
(35.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.2
(32.4)
1.6
(34.9)
3.9
(39.0)
5.9
(42.6)
2.3
(36.1)
Record low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−8.1
(17.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−12.7
(9.1)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−12.0
(10.4)
−8.6
(16.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−19.9
(−3.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.9
(0.70)
18.1
(0.71)
20.5
(0.81)
47.7
(1.88)
86.6
(3.41)
99.4
(3.91)
109.6
(4.31)
106.2
(4.18)
38.8
(1.53)
29.4
(1.16)
28.7
(1.13)
40.9
(1.61)
606.0
(23.86)
Average relative humidity (%) 47.3 50.3 54.5 63.5 68.7 70.6 71.5 67.8 60.5 53.6 50.8 49.9 59.4
Source: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria[1]

History and economy

What started as a rural community was influenced greatly by the arrival of the General Roca railroad to the area in 1939, on a branch that continued to Esquel. This branch was completed and opened in 1945, and El Maitén was selected as the site of its maintenance sheds and locomotive warehouse. This changed the town towards a railroad-based economy until the 1970s, when the Argentine railroad industry started a steady decline.

Even though most of the railroad system on which El Maitén was a waystop closed in 1993, a train still operates out of El Maitén, running a loop from El Maitén to the train station Bruno J. Thomae then back to El Maitén.[2] [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Información de estaciones agrometeorológicas–Potrok Aike" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  2. ^ "La Historia del Ferrocarril Patagónico" (in Spanish). La Trochita. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  3. ^ "El viejo Expreso de La Patagonia: un viaje en la mítica trochita argentina" (in Spanish). elDiaro.es. July 27, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
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El Maitén
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