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Edward E. Salisbury

Edward E. Salisbury
Edward Elbridge Salisbury

(1814-04-06)April 6, 1814
DiedFebruary 5, 1901(1901-02-05) (aged 86)
Alma materYale University

Edward Elbridge Salisbury (April 6, 1814 – February 5, 1901) was an American Sanskritist and Arabist.


Edward E. Salisbury was born in Boston on April 6, 1814.[1] He graduated from Yale University in 1832 and was appointed Professor of Arabic and Sanskrit there in 1841. The position of Salisbury was the only University Chair of Sanskrit in America till 1854, when a separate "Professorship of Sanskrit and kindred languages" was created with William Dwight Whitney as its first incumbent.[2][3]

Salisbury also served as the President of the American Oriental Society from 1863 to 1866, and again from 1873 to 1880.[1]

Salisbury was elected member of the Asiatic Society of Paris, Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences and corresponding member of the German Oriental Society. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1861.[4] He was conferred the degree of LL.D. twice, first by Yale University in 1869, and again by Harvard University in 1886.[1]

In 1866, Salisbury published an English translation of the Kitab al-Majmu, an Arabic work allegedly used in the Alawite religion.[5]

He died from pneumonia in New Haven, Connecticut on February 5, 1901.[6]


  1. ^ a b c "Memorial of Edward Elbridge Salisbury". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 22: 1–6. 1901. JSTOR 592405.
  2. ^ Ziad Elmarsafy; Anna Bernard; David Attwell (June 13, 2013). Debating Orientalism. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 83–86. ISBN 978-1-137-34111-2.
  3. ^ "Sanskrit An occasional language of instruction at Yale". Yale University.
  4. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
  5. ^ Salisbury, Edward E. (1866). "Notice of كتاب الباكورة السليمانية فى كشف اسرار الديانة النصرية تأليف سليمان افندى الاذنى. The Book of Sulaimân's First Ripe Fruit, Disclosing the Mysteries of the Nusairian Religion". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 8: 227–308. doi:10.2307/592241. JSTOR 592241.
  6. ^ "Prof. E. E. Salisbury Dead". The Baltimore Sun. New Haven, Connecticut. February 6, 1901. p. 3. Retrieved June 6, 2022 – via
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Edward E. Salisbury
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