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Division of McEwen

McEwen
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of McEwen in Victoria, as of the 2022 federal election
Created1984
MPRob Mitchell
PartyLabor
NamesakeSir John McEwen
Electors109,030 (2022)
Area2,676 km2 (1,033.2 sq mi)
DemographicRural

The Division of McEwen is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. Classed as a rural seat, the electorate is located in the centre of the state, north of its capital city Melbourne. It includes the outer northern suburbs of Doreen, Mernda, and Wollert, and extends along the Hume Freeway north of the metropolitan area to include the towns of Gisborne as well as Wallan as well as many other small towns.

Geography

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[1]

History

Sir John McEwen, the division's namesake

The Division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 14 September 1984, and was first contested at the 1984 federal election. It was named after Sir John McEwen, leader of the Australian Country Party from 1958 to 1971, who served as caretaker Prime Minister of Australia after the disappearance of Harold Holt in 1967.

While classed as rural, it is actually a hybrid urban-rural seat. The urban portion is located in Labor's traditional heartland of north Melbourne, while the rural portion votes equally strongly for the Liberals and Nationals. As a result, for most of its existence it has been highly marginal. Unlike most marginal seats with similar demographics, however, McEwen is not considered a barometer for winning government. All but one of its members has spent at least one term in opposition.

The 2007 election resulted in McEwen becoming the most marginal seat in the country. Incumbent Liberal MP Fran Bailey led throughout most of the initial count, and was initially found to have lost to former Labor state MLC Rob Mitchell by six votes. Bailey subsequently requested and was granted a full recount, which overturned Mitchell's win and instead gave Bailey a twelve-vote victory. The result was challenged in the High Court of Australia in its capacity as the Court of Disputed Returns, and was referred to the Federal Court of Australia. Over seven months after the election and a review of 643 individual votes, the court altered the formal status of several dozen, eventually declaring Bailey the winner by 27 votes, later amended to 31 votes. Following the resolution of the long-running dispute, Bailey called for a total overhaul of the voting system.[2][3][4]

Bailey retired at the 2010 election where Mitchell again stood as the Labor candidate and won amid a considerable swing to Labor in Victoria that allowed Julia Gillard to form a minority government. Ahead of the 2013 election, a redistribution pushed McEwen further into Melbourne, increasing Labor's notional majority from a marginal 5.3 percent to a fairly safe 9.2 percent. However, Mitchell barely retained the seat against former Liberal MLC Donna Petrovich with a majority of just 0.15 percent—a margin of just 313 votes—which made McEwen the second most marginal seat in Australia at the time; the Division of Fairfax, won by Clive Palmer, was decided by a thinner margin of just 53 votes. Mitchell won a third term in 2016 Australian federal election on a swing of over seven percent, boosting his majority to 57 percent, the strongest result in the seat's history.

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Peter Cleeland
(1938–2007)
Labor 1 December 1984
24 March 1990
Lost seat
  Fran Bailey
(1946–)
Liberal 24 March 1990
13 March 1993
Lost seat
  Peter Cleeland
(1938–2007)
Labor 13 March 1993
2 March 1996
Lost seat
  Fran Bailey
(1946–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
19 July 2010
Served as minister under Howard. Retired
  Rob Mitchell
(1967–)
Labor 21 August 2010
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: McEwen[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labor Rob Mitchell 35,238 36.81 −2.98
Liberal Richard Welch 31,796 33.22 −1.77
Greens Neil Barker 13,524 14.13 +4.66
United Australia Paul McRae 5,474 5.72 +2.46
One Nation Chris Bradbury 5,387 5.63 +0.51
Liberal Democrats John Herron 2,579 2.69 +2.69
Australian Federation Christopher Neil 1,721 1.80 +1.80
Total formal votes 95,719 96.07 +1.01
Informal votes 3,918 3.93 −1.01
Turnout 99,637 92.23 +0.07
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Rob Mitchell 50,998 53.28 −2.00
Liberal Richard Welch 44,721 46.72 +2.00
Labor hold Swing −2.00
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Primary vote results in McEwen (Parties that did not get 5% of the vote are omitted)
  Labor
  Liberal
  Greens
  Australian Democrats
  One Nation
  National
  Palmer United/United Australia Party
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Two-candidate-preferred vote results in McEwen

References

  1. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ Doherty, Ben (3 July 2008). "Court confirms Bailey win". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  3. ^ "Labor loses bid to win back McEwen". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  4. ^ Mitchell v Bailey (No 2) 2008 FCA 692: Federal Court of Australia Decisions 2/7/2008
  5. ^ McEwen, VIC, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

37°21′43″S 145°20′49″E / 37.362°S 145.347°E / -37.362; 145.347

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Division of McEwen
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