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Division of Indi

Indi
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Indi in Victoria, as of the 2022 federal election
Created1901
MPHelen Haines
PartyIndependent
NamesakeMurray River (Aboriginal name)
Electors117,571 (2022)
Area29,187 km2 (11,269.2 sq mi)
DemographicRural

The Division of Indi (/ˈɪnd/ "IN-dye") is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division is located in the north-east of the state, adjoining the border with New South Wales. The largest settlements in the division are the regional cities of Wodonga, Wangaratta, and Benalla. Other towns in the electorate include Rutherglen, Mansfield, Beechworth, Myrtleford, Bright, Alexandra, Tallangatta, Corryong and a number of other small villages (including the ski resort of Falls Creek). While Indi is one of the largest electorates in Victoria, much of it is located within the largely uninhabited Australian Alps. While Wodonga serves as a regional hub for much of the more heavily populated northern part of the electorate, the southern part is closer to Melbourne than Wodonga.

The current member for Indi, since the 2019 federal election, is independent Helen Haines.

Geography

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[1]

History

The Murray River, the Aboriginal name of which is the division's namesake

Indi has existed continuously since Federation. The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. The most nationally prominent person to represent Indi to date was the first, Sir Isaac Isaacs, who rose to become Attorney-General of Australia, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, and the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia. Another member for Indi, John "Black Jack" McEwen, was a long-serving Minister and was briefly Prime Minister of Australia after the death of Harold Holt in 1967, but he was member for Murray by then. Indi has been held by a member of a conservative party (either the Liberal Party and its predecessors or the National Party) or a conservative independent for all but four terms since Federation, and without interruption since 1931.[citation needed] Labor last won the seat in 1928 when the Country incumbent forgot to renominate, and retained it in 1929.[2] Since 2004, the Liberal primary vote has been in decline, falling from 63% in 2004,[3] to 54% in 2007,[4] 53% in 2010,[5] 44% in 2013 and 27% in 2016. In 2019, the Liberal primary vote rose slightly to 35% before falling again, in 2022, to 31%.

At the 2013 election, independent Cathy McGowan unseated Liberal Party incumbent Sophie Mirabella, the only incumbent Liberal MP to lose their seat at the 2013 election. This was considered a major upset; Mirabella had gone into the election sitting on a margin of 59 percent, on the stronger side of fairly safe. Indeed, in a "traditional" two-party matchup, Mirabella would have retained the seat with a small swing in her favour against Labor.

McGowan retained Indi against Mirabella at the 2016 election with an increased 54.8% (+4.6) two-candidate-preferred vote. The Liberal "traditional" two-party-preferred vote was reduced to 54.4% (–4.7) against Labor's 45.6% (+4.7), a marginal two-party result not seen since the 1929 election.

McGowan retired in 2019 and was succeeded by fellow independent Haines, who suffered a swing of four percent against the Liberals from McGowan's 2016 vote and was elected on Labor preferences.[6][7]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Isaac Isaacs
(1855–1948)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
12 October 1906
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bogong. Served as minister under Deakin. Resigned to become a Justice of the High Court
  Joseph Brown
(1844–1925)
Anti-Socialist 12 December 1906
26 May 1909
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Shepparton and Euroa. Lost seat
  Liberal 26 May 1909 –
13 April 1910
  Parker Moloney
(1879–1961)
Labor 13 April 1910
31 May 1913
Lost seat
  Cornelius Ahern
(1871–1955)
Liberal 31 May 1913
5 September 1914
Lost seat
  Parker Moloney
(1879–1961)
Labor 5 September 1914
5 May 1917
Lost seat. Later elected to the division of Hume in 1919
  John Leckie
(1872–1947)
Nationalist 5 May 1917
13 December 1919
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1934
  Robert Cook
(1867–1930)
Victorian Farmers' Union 13 December 1919
22 January 1920
Did not contest in 1928 after mistakenly failing to lodge renomination papers in time
  Country 22 January 1920 –
9 October 1928
  Paul Jones
(1878–1972)
Labor 17 November 1928
19 December 1931
Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1937
  William Hutchinson
(1904–1967)
United Australia 19 December 1931
23 October 1937
Transferred to the Division of Deakin
  John McEwen
(1900–1980)
Country 23 October 1937
10 December 1949
Previously held the Division of Echuca. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Transferred to the Division of Murray
  William Bostock
(1892–1968)
Liberal 10 December 1949
22 November 1958
Lost seat
  Mac Holten
(1922–1996)
Country 22 November 1958
2 May 1975
Served as minister under Gorton and McMahon. Lost seat
  National Country 2 May 1975 –
10 December 1977
  Ewen Cameron
(1930–)
Liberal 10 December 1977
8 February 1993
Retired
  Lou Lieberman
(1938–)
13 March 1993
8 October 2001
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Retired
  Sophie Mirabella
(1968–)
10 November 2001
7 September 2013
Lost seat
  Cathy McGowan
(1953–)
Independent 7 September 2013
11 April 2019
Retired
  Helen Haines
(1961–)
18 May 2019
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Indi[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Helen Haines 41,319 40.68 +8.33
Liberal Ross Lyman 30,995 30.52 −4.57
Labor Nadia David 8,723 8.59 −3.50
One Nation Beth Stevens 5,366 5.28 +5.28
National Liz Fisher 3,854 3.79 −5.66
Greens Benjamin Gilbert 3,626 3.57 −0.64
United Australia Stephen Williams 2,558 2.52 −1.42
Liberal Democrats Julian Fidge 2,300 2.26 +2.26
Animal Justice Angel Aleksov 1,749 1.72 +1.72
Justice Lachlan O'Connell 1,074 1.06 −1.80
Total formal votes 101,564 94.53 −1.11
Informal votes 5,880 5.47 +1.11
Turnout 107,444 91.48 −2.88
Notional two-party-preferred count
Liberal Ross Lyman 56,123 55.26 −7.47
Labor Nadia David 45,441 44.74 +7.47
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Helen Haines 59,861 58.94 +7.55
Liberal Ross Lyman 41,703 41.06 −7.55
Independent hold Swing +7.55

References

  1. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ "2010 Federal Election Results – Indi". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2010.
  3. ^ "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2004. Australian Electoral Commission. 2005.
  4. ^ "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2007: Virtual Tally Room. Australian Electoral Commission. 2007.
  5. ^ "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2010: Virtual Tally Room. Australian Electoral Commission. 2010.
  6. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/australia/2019/2019repsvic.txt [bare URL plain text file]
  7. ^ Spencer, Lilian (2019). "Uncommon victories: Lessons from Warringah and Indi". Commons Social Change Library.
  8. ^ Indi, VIC, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

36°38′24″S 146°37′59″E / 36.640°S 146.633°E / -36.640; 146.633

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Division of Indi
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