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Division of Griffith

Griffith
Australian House of Representatives Division
Map
Map
Interactive map of boundaries
Created1934 (1934)
MPMax Chandler-Mather
PartyGreens
NamesakeSir Samuel Griffith
Electors121,277 (2022)
Area57 km2 (22.0 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of Griffith is an electoral division for the Australian House of Representatives. The division covers the inner southern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland.[1]

History

Sir Samuel Griffith, the division's namesake

The division is named after Sir Samuel Griffith, former politician and a principal author of the Constitution of Australia.[1]

Griffith was created in 1934, replacing the seat of Oxley which had been established in 1900.[2]

Historically, the seat has been highly marginal and has alternated between the Labor Party and Liberal Party . The 1939 Griffith by-election was nearly the sight of an upset, with the UAP/Country coalition government coming within five votes of taking the seat from the incumbent opposition Labor party. Apart from 1920, the rare feat of a Government winning a seat from the Opposition in a by-election would only be achieved in 2023 when Labor won the 2023 Aston by-election.

Close contests ensued, with the seat being decided by just 118 votes in 1954, 21 votes in 1958, and 182 votes in 1972. In 1977, the seat was won by future Hawke-Keating government minister Ben Humphreys under whose nearly 20-year tenure the seat became much safer for Labor. However, on Humphreys' retirement and as Labor lost government in 1996, future Prime Minister Kevin Rudd failed to win the seat to the Liberal Party's Graeme McDougall by 1.5%. Rudd would later emerge victorious in 1998, winning the seat with 52.4% of the two-candidate-preferred vote. Rudd steadily increased his margin at each successive election until 2010, reaching a peak of 62.3% of the vote in 2007 as he led Labor to government. Rudd suffered an under average two-party-preferred swing in 2010 having been deposed as Prime Minister two months earlier, perhaps a reflection of sympathy to his removal from voters.

Rudd suffered a further swing against him in 2013 with the seat becoming marginal once more. He retired following the election and bequeathed a 3% margin to his successor Terri Butler who narrowly retained the seat at the ensuing 2014 Griffith by-election with a 1.8% margin, 1.6% in 2016, and 2.9% in 2019 - one of the few swings to Labor in Queensland. However, during Butler's tenure, Labor's primary vote saw itself become cannibalized to its left flank, with the Greens winning five booths on primary votes at the 2019 federal election with a further four booths in which the party came at a close second. The Greens also achieved their strongest favourable swing in 2019 within this seat (at 6.67%). In 2020, the Greens won the state seat of South Brisbane from Labor, which overlaps with part of the electorate, further supporting the trend of a growing Greens vote that has reduced Labor's primary vote in the seat. This subsequently led to Greens candidate Max Chandler-Mather winning the seat in the 2022 federal election, with 60.5% of the two-party preferred vote and 34.6% of the first preference vote, Labor being pushed into third place.[3]

Boundaries

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[4]

Griffith covers the inner southern Brisbane suburbs of Balmoral, Bulimba, Camp Hill, Carina Heights, Coorparoo, Dutton Park, East Brisbane, Greenslopes, Highgate Hill, Hawthorne, Kangaroo Point, Morningside, Norman Park, Seven Hills, South Brisbane, Stones Corner, West End and Woolloongabba, as well as parts of Annerley, Cannon Hill, Carina, Holland Park, Holland Park West, Mount Gravatt East, Murarrie, and Tarragindi.[1]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Francis Baker
(1903–1939)
Labor 15 September 1934
28 March 1939
Previously held the Division of Oxley. Died in office
  William Conelan
(1895–1983)
20 May 1939
10 December 1949
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Curtin. Lost seat
  Doug Berry
(1907–1957)
Liberal 10 December 1949
29 May 1954
Lost seat
  Wilfred Coutts
(1908–1997)
Labor 29 May 1954
22 November 1958
Lost seat
  Arthur Chresby
(1908–1985)
Liberal 22 November 1958
9 December 1961
Lost seat
  Wilfred Coutts
(1908–1997)
Labor 9 December 1961
26 November 1966
Lost seat
  Don Cameron
(1940–)
Liberal 26 November 1966
10 December 1977
Transferred to the Division of Fadden
  Ben Humphreys
(1934–2019)
Labor 10 December 1977
29 January 1996
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Hawke. Served as minister under Hawke and Keating. Retired
  Graeme McDougall
(1946–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
3 October 1998
Lost seat
  Kevin Rudd
(1957–)
Labor 3 October 1998
22 November 2013
Served as Opposition Leader from 2006 to 2007. Served as Prime Minister from 2007 to 2010, and in 2013. Served as minister under Gillard. Resigned to retire from politics
  Terri Butler
(1977–)
8 February 2014
21 May 2022
Lost seat
  Max Chandler-Mather
(1992–)
Greens 21 May 2022
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Griffith[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Greens Max Chandler-Mather 36,771 34.59 +10.94
Liberal National Olivia Roberts 32,685 30.74 −10.23
Labor Terri Butler 30,769 28.94 −2.01
One Nation Shari Ware 3,504 3.30 +1.18
United Australia Robert McMullan 2,581 2.43 +0.98
Total formal votes 106,310 98.00 +0.26
Informal votes 2,169 2.00 −0.26
Turnout 108,479 89.45 −1.60
Notional two-party-preferred count
Labor Terri Butler 64,923 61.07 +8.21
Liberal National Olivia Roberts 41,387 38.93 −8.21
Two-candidate-preferred result
Greens Max Chandler-Mather 64,271 60.46 +60.46
Liberal National Olivia Roberts 42,039 39.54 −7.59
Greens gain from Labor  


Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Primary votes results in Griffith
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Two-candidate-preferred vote results in Griffith

References

  1. ^ a b c "Profile of the electoral division of Griffith (Qld)". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Commonwealth Electoral Division of Oxley (Qld)". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Griffith (Key Seat) - Federal Electorate, Candidates, Results". abc.net.au. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  4. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  5. ^ Griffith, QLD, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

27°29′10″S 153°03′43″E / 27.486°S 153.062°E / -27.486; 153.062

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Division of Griffith
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