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Division of Curtin

Curtin
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Curtin in Western Australia, as of the 2021 redistribution.
Created1949
MPKate Chaney
PartyIndependent
NamesakeJohn Curtin
Electors119,397 (2022)
Area98 km2 (37.8 sq mi)
DemographicInner metropolitan

The Division of Curtin is an Australian electoral division in Western Australia.

History

John Curtin, the division's namesake

The division was created in 1949 and is named for John Curtin, who was Prime Minister of Australia from 1941 to 1945. Prior to its creation, much of this area was part of the Division of Fremantle, which Curtin represented for most of the time from 1928 to 1945. It is located in the wealthy beachside suburbs of Perth, including Claremont, Cottesloe, Mosman Park, Nedlands, Subiaco and Swanbourne.

It was created as a notional Labor seat. However, this area was located in naturally Liberal territory, and the Liberals won it resoundingly as part of their massive victory in the 1949 election, turning it into a safe Liberal seat in one stroke. It was held by a Liberal or a conservative independent for the next 70 years. The only time it was out of Liberal hands came when Allan Rocher won it in 1996 after losing his Liberal endorsement. Rocher was defeated at the 1998 election, when Julie Bishop reclaimed it for the Liberals.

Its most prominent member has been Paul Hasluck, who was a senior Cabinet minister in the Menzies and Holt governments and then Governor-General of Australia after leaving politics. Other prominent members include Victor Garland, a minister in the McMahon and Fraser governments, and Bishop, the former Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party (the first woman to hold this role) and a minister in the Howard, Abbott, and Turnbull governments.

Bishop retired at the 2019 election, and Celia Hammond, a former vice chancellor of University of Notre Dame Australia, retained it for the Liberals with a reduced majority. With a two-party preferred margin of 14.3 percent, it was the fifth-safest Coalition seat in metropolitan Australia. However, at the 2022 election, Hammond lost over 11 percent of her primary vote, and lost the seat to teal independent Kate Chaney, granddaughter of former Liberal minister Fred Chaney Sr. and niece of former Liberal minister Fred Chaney Jr.

Geography

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[1]

In August 2021, the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) announced that Curtin would gain the remainder of the suburb of Scarborough and parts of Gwelup, Karrinyup and Trigg from the abolished seat of Stirling. These boundary changes took place as of the 2022 election.[2]

Curtin covers an area west of Perth, bordered by the Indian Ocean in the west and the Swan River in the south. The suburbs include:[3]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Paul Hasluck
(1905–1993)
Liberal 10 December 1949
12 February 1969
Served as minister under Menzies, Holt, McEwen and Gorton. Resigned to become Governor-General of Australia
  Victor Garland
(1934–2022)
19 April 1969
22 January 1981
Served as minister under McMahon and Fraser. Resigned to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
  Allan Rocher
(1936–2016)
21 February 1981
7 August 1995
Previously a member of the Senate. Lost seat
  Independent 7 August 1995 –
3 October 1998
  Julie Bishop
(1956–)
Liberal 3 October 1998
11 April 2019
Served as minister under Howard, Abbott and Turnbull. Retired
  Celia Hammond
(1968–)
18 May 2019
21 May 2022
Lost seat
  Kate Chaney
(1975–)
Independent 21 May 2022
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Curtin[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Celia Hammond 43,408 41.33 −12.68
Independent Kate Chaney 30,942 29.46 +29.46
Labor Yannick Spencer 14,654 13.95 −4.63
Greens Cameron Pidgeon 10,889 10.37 −4.93
United Australia Ladeisha Verhoeff 1,828 1.74 +0.45
One Nation Dale Grillo 1,310 1.25 −0.11
Western Australia Bill Burn 1,243 1.18 −0.37
Australian Federation Judith Cullity 763 0.73 +0.73
Total formal votes 105,037 96.89 +0.07
Informal votes 3,373 3.11 −0.07
Turnout 108,410 90.90 −1.10
Notional two-party-preferred count
Liberal Celia Hammond 58,401 55.60 −8.35
Labor Yannick Spencer 46,636 44.40 +8.35
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Kate Chaney 53,847 51.26 +51.26
Liberal Celia Hammond 51,190 48.74 −15.21
Independent gain from Liberal  

References

  1. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ https://www.aec.gov.au/Electorates/Redistributions/2021/wa/files/redistribution-of-western-australia-into-electoral-divisions-august-2021.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Curtin (WA)". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  4. ^ Curtin, WA, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

31°57′25″S 115°47′46″E / 31.957°S 115.796°E / -31.957; 115.796

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Division of Curtin
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