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Division of Calwell

Calwell
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Calwell in Victoria, as of the 2022 federal election
Created1984
MPMaria Vamvakinou
PartyLabor
NamesakeArthur Calwell
Electors106,782 (2022)
Area265 km2 (102.3 sq mi)
DemographicOuter metropolitan

The Division of Calwell is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria.

Calwell contains the outer north-western fringe of Melbourne. It includes the suburbs of Broadmeadows, Dallas, Coolaroo, Greenvale, Meadow Heights, Roxburgh Park, Craigieburn and Mickleham.[1]

Calwell has been a safe Labor seat since it was created in 1984. Calwell has had only two members, Dr. Andrew Theophanous, from 1984-2001, and the current MP Maria Vamvakinou, since 2001.[1] Both are members of the Australian Labor Party.

History

Arthur Calwell, the division's namesake

The division was created in 1984 and is named for Arthur Calwell, who was Minister for Immigration 1945–1949 and Leader of the Australian Labor Party 1960–1967.

Calwell has been a safe Labor seat since it was first contested. The seat's first MP elected in 1984 was Andrew Theophanous. After failing to retain Labor preselection due to issues of criminality, Theophanous unsuccessfully contested the 2001 election as an Independent, polling 9.6% of the vote.[2] The current Member for Calwell, since the 2001 federal election, is Maria Vamvakinou, a member of the Australian Labor Party. Calwell is currently Labor's second safest seat, with 68.80% on the 2PP.

At the 2011 Census, Calwell had the nation's most stable population, with only 25.6% of residents having moved in the last five years. The electorate had the nation's third highest proportion of Catholics (38.5%) and the third highest proportion of residents of Islamic faith (16.8%), the highest in Victoria.[2]

In 2017, Calwell had the highest "no" vote for marriage equality in Victoria, with 56.8% of the electorate's respondents to the survey responding "No".[3]

Boundaries

Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.[4]

The division is located in the north-western suburbs of Melbourne. It covers an area of approximately 265 square kilometres (102 sq mi) from Kalkallo in the north to Keilor Park in the south and from Oaklands Junction in the west to Somerton in the east. Localities include Attwood, Broadmeadows, Campbellfield, Coolaroo, Craigieburn, Dallas, Gladstone Park, Greenvale, Jacana, Keilor Park, Meadow Heights, Melbourne Airport, Mickleham, Roxburgh Park, Somerton, Upfield, Westmeadows and Yuroke; as well as part of Fawkner, Keilor, Oaklands Junction and Tullamarine.[5]

Demographics

Calwell is a diverse and socially conservative electorate.[6][7] Calwell includes Victoria's largest Iraqi community along with Turkish and Lebanese diaspora.[7] While a stronghold for the centre-left Labor Party, the religious migrant community rallied against same-sex marriage in 2017, with 17.7% of the electorate from an Islamic background, six times the state average, while 34% are Catholic, 12% higher than the rest of the state.[7]

The incumbent MP, Maria Vamvakinou, is herself a migrant from the Greek island of Lefkada and her parents migrated to Melbourne when she was four.[8] She is fluent in Greek and taught the language in her time as a teacher.[8]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Andrew Theophanous
(1946–)
Labor 1 December 1984
18 April 2000
Previously held the Division of Burke. Lost seat
  Independent 18 April 2000 –
10 November 2001
  Maria Vamvakinou
(1959–)
Labor 10 November 2001
present
Incumbent

Election results

2022 Australian federal election: Calwell[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labor Maria Vamvakinou 38,127 44.86 −9.57
Liberal Tim Staker-Gunn 20,111 23.66 −0.63
Greens Natalie Abboud 8,277 9.74 +3.01
United Australia Joshua Naim 7,578 8.92 +5.45
One Nation Mark Preston 5,957 7.01 +7.01
Victorian Socialists Jerome Small 3,433 4.04 −0.74
Australian Federation Maria Bengtsson 1,512 1.78 +1.78
Total formal votes 84,995 93.69 +3.03
Informal votes 5,724 6.31 −3.03
Turnout 90,719 85.02 −1.04
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Maria Vamvakinou 53,032 62.39 −7.23
Liberal Tim Staker-Gunn 31,963 37.61 +7.23
Labor hold Swing −7.23
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Primary vote results in Calwell (Parties that did not get 5% of the vote are omitted)
  Labor
  Liberal
  Greens
  Australian Democrats
  One Nation
  Palmer United/United Australia Party
  Independent
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Two-candidate-preferred results in Calwell

References

  1. ^ a b "Calwell - Federal Electorate, Candidates, Results". abc.net.au. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b Green, Antony (11 October 2013). "Federal election 2013: Calwell results". Australia Votes. Australia: ABC. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  3. ^ Byrne, Bridie (17 November 2017). "Calwell with highest 'no' vote for marriage equality in Victoria". Herald Sun. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  4. ^ Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Calwell (Vic)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Same-sex marriage survey: religious belief matched no vote most closely". the Guardian. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  7. ^ a b c Bagshaw, Eryk (16 November 2017). "Same-sex marriage result: Why multicultural communities registered huge 'no' votes". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Calwell - Federal Electorate, Candidates, Results". abc.net.au. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  9. ^ Calwell, VIC, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.

37°35′20″S 144°49′30″E / 37.589°S 144.825°E / -37.589; 144.825

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Division of Calwell
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