For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Divan of the Abkhazian Kings.

Divan of the Abkhazian Kings

The Divan of the Abkhazian Kings (Georgian: აფხაზთა მეფეთა დივანი, romanized: apkhazta mepeta divani, which is often translated as the Chronicles of the Abkhazian Kings) is a short medieval document composed in Georgian in the late 10th or early 11th century. It has come down to us as a 15th-century copy. The text was first studied and published by the Georgian scholar Ekvtime Takaishvili. It has also been translated into English and Russian.

It is usually attributed to the first king of all-Georgia, Bagrat III, who began his reign as the Abkhazian king in 978. Somewhat of a manifesto, this document may have been issued by Bagrat, a representative of the new dynasty of the Bagrationi, in support of his rights to the Abkhazian throne.

The Divan lists 22 successive rulers from Anos to Bagrat, and styles each of them as “king” (Georgian: mepe) (though until the mid-780s they functioned as the archons under the Byzantine authority). The text does provide the information about the family relationships among these rulers as well as the duration of the last 11 kings’ reigns, but lacks chronology. The two kings of the Shavliani clan (878–887) are omitted probably because they were regarded as usurpers. The dates and achievements of the most of the early Abkhazian rulers remain conjectural.

The names below are given in original transliteration. The dates are as per Prince Cyril Toumanoff and other modern scholars.

  • Anos (ანოს) (c. 510–530)
  • Ghozar (ღოზარ) (c. 530–550)
  • Istvine (ისტვინე) (c. 550–580)
  • Phinictios (ფინიქტიოს) (c. 580–610)
  • Barnucius (ბარნუკ) (c. 610–640)
  • Demetrius I (დემეტრე) (c. 640–660)
  • Theodosius I (თეოდოს) (c. 660–680)
  • Constantine I (კონსტანტინე) (c. 680–710)
  • Theodor (თეოდორ) (c. 710–730)
  • Constantine II (კონსტანტინე) (c. 730–745)
  • Leon I (ლეონ) (c. 745–767)
  • Leon II (ლეონ) (c. 767–811)
  • Theodosius II (თეოდოს) (c. 811–837)
  • Demetrius II (დემეტრე) (c. 837–872)
  • George I (გიორგი) (c. 872–878)
  • Bagrat I (ბაგრატ) (c. 887–898)
  • Constantine III (კონსტანტინე) (c. 898–916)
  • George II (გიორგი) (c. 916–960)
  • Leon III (ლეონ) (c. 960–969)
  • Demetrius III (დემეტრე) (c. 969–976)
  • Theodosius III (თეოდოსი) (c. 976–978)
  • Bagrat III (ბაგრატი) (978–1014)

See also


  • S. H. Rapp, Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, Peeters Bvba (September 25, 2003) ISBN 90-429-1318-5 pages 144, 230-237, 481-484
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Divan of the Abkhazian Kings
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?