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Direct-controlled municipality

This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.Find sources: "Direct-controlled municipality" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2020)

A direct-controlled municipality is the highest level classification for cities used by unitary states, with status equal to that of the provinces in the respective countries. A direct-controlled municipality is similar to, but not the same as, a federal district, a common designation in various countries for a municipality that is not part of any state, and which usually hosts some governmental functions. Usually direct-controlled municipality are under central government control with limited power. In some cases, a similar term in federal states is the federal city.

Many countries have adopted this system with some different variations. Geographically and culturally, many of the municipalities are enclaves in the middle of provinces. Some occur in strategic positions in between provinces.

Country Municipalities Main article
 Belarus Minsk
 Cambodia Kep, Pailin, Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville
 China (PRC) Beijing, Chongqing, Shanghai, Tianjin Direct-administered municipalities of China
 Kazakhstan Almaty, Astana, Baikonur, Shymkent
 North Korea Pyongyang, Nampho, Rason, Kaesong Special cities of North Korea
 South Korea Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan, Sejong Special cities of South Korea
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, Osh
 Laos Vientiane
 Moldova Chişinău, Bălți, Bender
 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar
 Philippines Highly urbanized cities: Manila, Angeles City, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu City, Davao City, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo City, Lapu-Lapu, Las Piñas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Olongapo, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon City, San Juan, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga City;
Independent component cities: Cotabato City, Dagupan, Naga, Ormoc, Santiago
Independent municipality: Pateros
Cities of the Philippines § Independent cities
 Taiwan (ROC) Taipei,[1] Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taoyuan Special municipality (Taiwan)
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat
 Ukraine Kyiv, Sevastopol (disputed)
 Uzbekistan Tashkent
 Vietnam Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Da Nang, Cần Thơ Municipalities of Vietnam

References

  1. ^ Taipei City Government, Taipei Yearbook (2008).

See also

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Direct-controlled municipality
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