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Didim

Didim
Temple of Apollo
Temple of Apollo
Map showing Didim District in Aydın Province
Map showing Didim District in Aydın Province
Didim is located in Turkey
Didim
Didim
Location in Turkey
Didim is located in Turkey Aegean
Didim
Didim
Didim (Turkey Aegean)
Coordinates: 37°22′32″N 27°16′04″E / 37.3756°N 27.2678°E / 37.3756; 27.2678
CountryTurkey
ProvinceAydın
Government
 • MayorAhmet Deniz Atabay (CHP)
Area
424 km2 (164 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
97,000
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
09270
Area code0256
Websitewww.didim.bel.tr
Altınkum
Medusa Head

Didim is a municipality and district of Aydın Province, Turkey.[2] Its area is 424 km2,[3] and its population is 97,000 (2022).[1] It is a popular seaside holiday resort on the Aegean coast of western Turkey, 123 km (76 mi) from the provincial capital city of Aydın. Didim is the site of the antique city of Didyma with its ruined Temple of Apollo.

Etymology

Didim takes its name from ancient Didyma, situated close to the modern town. During the Ottoman Empire era, the town was known as Yoranda or Yoran, and under the modern Republic of Turkey, it was originally named Hisar ("Castle"). Following its destruction in an earthquake in 1955, the town was rebuilt and renamed Yenihisar ("New Castle"). The town was part of Söke district until 1991. The area became a top-level district of Aydın Province and was given the ancient name Didim in 1997 to distinguish it from the many other places in Turkey named Yenihisar.

History

The area was settled in the neolithic period, established as colony of Crete and then Mycenae in the 16th century BC and subsequently possessed by Lycians, Persians, Seleucids, Attalids, Ancient Romans, and Byzantines as part of the province of Caria. The area came into the hands of Turks following the defeat of Byzantium at the Battle of Malazgirt in 1086. The town was captured again by the Byzantines in 1098, by Menteşe in 1280, and then Aydinids in 1300. Didim was brought into the Ottoman Empire by sultan Mehmed I in 1413. During the era of the Ottoman Empire, Didim's name was "Yoran".

Geography

Didim is located on the north shore of the gulf of Güllük, opposite Bodrum peninsula villages such as Torba, Türkbükü, and Yalıkavak. In antiquity, this formed the Posideium Peninsula but silt from the Meander River has since filled in the inlet to its north, connecting it more thoroughly to the mainland.

Didim's district consists of Didim itself, a coastal town of 26,000 people, and a number of small towns including Altınkum (which means "golden sand"), Gümüşkum ("silver sand") and Sarıkum ("yellow sand"). Its neighbours are Söke from north-east and Milas from south-east.

Tourism is the main source of income for the area, especially in summer, but agriculture is also an important contributor; the main crops are wheat and cotton. Animals, especially sheep and goats, are raised mainly for local consumption.

Administrative divisions

There are 14 neighbourhoods in Didim District:[4]

Tourism

Altınkum

This coast has become a very popular holiday resort, known for its long sandy beaches, clear blue sea, ancient ruins, and its own microclimate, benefiting from hundreds of days of sun annually and warm winters, allowing residents to use the beaches and engage in watersports even in January. Less frequented beaches are ones further from the centre, such as Haydar, along a dirt road around the shore of Akbük (meaning "white bay").

Recent renewal of main roads means the area is easily served by Bodrum and İzmir airports.

Because of Didim's location, people in the 1980s came from large cities around Turkey, especially Ankara, began to buy holiday homes, apartments, and villas in the area. Most of these were built as cooperative housing projects with private beaches. The attraction of the area is proved by the number of Ankara families that have now been going to Didim for two or more generations. Property values have recently been rising, and the building boom continues as foreign buyers, especially the families of Turks living and working in Europe, follow their lead. The growth of Didim in the 1980s was further accelerated with the building of hotels to accommodate visitors, originally from Britain but now from Turkey itself, on inexpensive package holidays. Since about 2000, British people have begun to buy holiday homes in Didim, establishing themselves as a visible community of many thousands, to the extent that utility bills in the district are now printed in English as well as Turkish.[5] Many bars around Didim are noted for having the Union Jack hanging inside.

Didim town has hotels, a weekly market, a waterpark, and the antique Temple of Apollo nearby. Didim is also close to a number of other ancient towns and natural formations, such as Lake Bafa national park, the Büyük Menderes River, and historic sites like Miletus and Priene.

Didim has a number of discothèques, smaller bars, and clubs, some with live music, mostly Türkü (Turkish folk music). Rakı consumption is popular among tourists and residents in Didim. The local station, Didim TV, is an amateur project by a television repair shop owner and neighbourhood councillor (muhtar), and is mostly advertisements for local shops and hotels.

Recently, a $50 million Didim Marina (D-Marin Didim) was constructed by Doğuş Holding and became operational in 2009 with berths for 8 m to 50 m boats, 400-ton boat lift, dry docks, hangars, maintenance yard, yacht club, shopping mall, restaurants, and visitor facilities. The new marina is expected to encourage further tourism and rising property prices in the area.

Places of interest

  • The ruins of the Ionic Temple of Apollo with its columns pointing up into the sky and its legend of the romance between Apollo and Daphne is nearby. The original temple and home of an oracle was destroyed during the Persian Wars and the one seen today was rebuilt following Alexander the Great's victory over the Persians[6][7][8]
  • Miletos, the ruins of the ancient city including a well-preserved antique theatre, stadium, baths of Faustina, and the temple of Serapis
  • Denizköy VLF transmitter, a transmitter of the US military with two 380-meter-tall guyed masts

Climate

Didim (Aydin) has a Mediterranean climate consisting of very hot, long and dry summers with an average of 34 °C (93 °F) in the daytime, winters are cool and rainy with a daytime average of 14 °C (57 °F).

Climate data for Fethiye
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
14.6
(58.3)
18.1
(64.6)
22.4
(72.3)
28.4
(83.1)
33.5
(92.3)
36.1
(97.0)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
26.3
(79.3)
19.5
(67.1)
14.4
(57.9)
24.5
(76.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.8
(40.6)
6.8
(44.2)
10.1
(50.2)
14.1
(57.4)
18.1
(64.6)
20.4
(68.7)
20.1
(68.2)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
8.4
(47.1)
5.5
(41.9)
11.8
(53.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 99.5
(3.92)
93.0
(3.66)
70.7
(2.78)
53.7
(2.11)
33.2
(1.31)
15.7
(0.62)
8.9
(0.35)
5.7
(0.22)
15.5
(0.61)
45.4
(1.79)
85.9
(3.38)
111.3
(4.38)
638.5
(25.13)
Average rainy days 10.9 10.1 9.1 8.8 6.0 2.5 1.8 1.2 3.0 5.6 8.3 12.0 79.3
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [9]

International relations

Didim is twinned with:[10]

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  2. ^ Büyükşehir İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  3. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  4. ^ Mahalle, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  5. ^ Elsewhere | Weekend | Guardian Unlimited
  6. ^ "Didim". Elevated Locations. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Didyma". CNES. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Didyma". Shunya. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  9. ^ İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü Archived 2011-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. Dmi.gov.tr. Retrieved on 2011-10-15.
  10. ^ "Kardeş Şehirler". www.didim.bel.tr. Retrieved 2023-01-14.
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Didim
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