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Debel, Lebanon

Debel/Dibil
دبل
Village
Map showing the location of Debel/Dbel within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Debel/Dbel within Lebanon
Debel/Dibil
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°07′15″N 35°22′4″E / 33.12083°N 35.36778°E / 33.12083; 35.36778
Grid position184/280 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh
DistrictBint Jbeil
Highest elevation
650 m (2,130 ft)
Lowest elevation
560 m (1,840 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961

Debel (also spelled Dibil, Arabic: دبل)[1] is a Lebanese village located in the caza of Bint Jbeil in the Nabatiye Governorate in Lebanon.

Geography

Debel occupies several hills with elevation ranging from 560 to 650 meters above sea level. The main agricultural products of Debel are olives and tobacco.

Demography

The people of Debel are Lebanese and are predominantly Maronite Christians.[2]

History

In 1596, it was named as a village, ‘“Dibil” in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 12 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslims. The villagers paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues”; a total of 1,530 akçe.[3][4]

In 1852, Edward Robinson noted the village ("Dibl") on his travels in the region.[5]

Ernest Renan visited the area during his mission to Lebanon and described what he found in his book Mission de Phénicie (1865-1874). At Dibl he found Greek Inscriptions.[6]

In 1875, Victor Guérin visited, and described it as a village with 400 Maronite inhabitants. He also found here several inscriptions in Greek.[7] He further noted: "At this village there are some rock-cut tombs, in one of which there is an inscription. Many well-dressed stones are used, and turn up in digging. On one of these was a fragmentary inscription. Under some of the houses of the village there is a large piece of tesselated pavement of very good design. The colours are red, black, and white. There are some sarcophagi and some broken pillars. This was probably an early Christian site."[8]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Dibl: "A village, built of stone, containing about 500 Christians (Guerin says 400 Maronites) ; there is a Maronite chapel. It is situated on hill-side, with grapes, figs, olives, mulberries, and arable land. The water supply is from many good springs in the wady to the north-west of village, and cisterns and birket near the village."[9]

References

  1. ^ from a personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 71
  2. ^ "Debel". Libandata.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 184
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 Archived 2019-04-20 at the Wayback Machine writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1856, p. 62
  6. ^ Renan, 1864, pp. 674-5
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 115
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 115-116; as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 221-222
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 201

Bibliography

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Debel, Lebanon
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