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Cranial neural crest

Cranial neural crest
Latincrista neuralis cranialis
TEneural crest_by_E5. E5.
Anatomical terminology

The cranial neural crest is one of the four regions of the neural crest.[1]

The cranial neural crest arises in the anterior and populates the face and the pharyngeal arches giving rise to bones, cartilage, nerves and connective tissue.[2] The endocranium and facial bones of the skull are ultimately derived from crest cells.

Other Migration Locations:


  1. ^ "The Neural Crest". Retrieved 2009-05-31.
  2. ^ Grenier J, Teillet MA, Grifone R, Kelly RG, Duprez D (2009). Callaerts P (ed.). "Relationship between Neural Crest Cells and Cranial Mesoderm during Head Muscle Development". PLOS ONE. 4 (2): e4381. Bibcode:2009PLoSO...4.4381G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004381. PMC 2634972. PMID 19198652.
  3. ^ Jiang HB, Tian WD, Liu LK, Xu Y (June 2008). "In vitro odontoblast-like cell differentiation of cranial neural crest cells induced by fibroblast growth factor 8 and dentin non-collagen proteins". Cell Biol. Int. 32 (6): 671–8. doi:10.1016/j.cellbi.2008.01.293. PMID 18339562. S2CID 5586748.
  4. ^ Nie X, Zhang YJ, Tian WD, et al. (January 2007). "Improvement of peripheral nerve regeneration by a tissue-engineered nerve filled with ectomesenchymal stem cells". Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 36 (1): 32–8. doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2006.06.005. PMID 17169530.

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Cranial neural crest
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