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Cowper ministry (1870)

Fifth Cowper ministry
12th Cabinet of the Colony of New South Wales
Premier Charles Cowper and the Colony of New South Wales (1863–1900)
Date formed13 January 1870 (1870-01-13)
Date dissolved15 December 1870 (1870-12-15)
People and organisations
MonarchQueen Victoria
GovernorThe Earl Belmore
Head of governmentCharles Cowper
No. of ministers8
Member partyunaligned
Status in legislatureMinority government
Opposition partyunaligned
Opposition leader
History
PredecessorSecond Robertson ministry
SuccessorThird Martin ministry

The fifth Cowper ministry was the twelfth ministry of the Colony of New South Wales, and the fifth and final occasion of being led by Sir Charles Cowper.

Cowper was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in March 1856, and fought unsuccessfully with Stuart Donaldson to form Government. When Donaldson's Government faltered a little over two months after it was formed, Cowper formed Government on the first occasion, but he also lost the confidence of the Assembly a few months later. Cowper formed Government on the second occasion between 1857 and 1859; but it also lost the confidence of the Assembly. On the third occasion, Cowper formed Government following the decision by the Leader of the Government, John Robertson, to step aside and focus on land reform,[1] however Cowper then lost confidence to James Martin.[2] Cowper retained government on the fourth occasion by defeating Martin at the 1864–65 general election.[3][4] Following the resignation of his colleague, Robertson, who lost the confidence of the Assembly, Cowper became Premier on the fifth and final occasion in 1870.

The title of Premier was widely used to refer to the Leader of Government, but not enshrined in formal use until 1920.

There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. Because the majority of the ministers retained their appointments from the Robertson ministry, the only by-election that was initially required was for Liverpool Plains with Charles Cowper comfortably re-elected. When John Robertson was subsequently appointed Secretary for Lands, he was re-elected unopposed.[5]

This ministry covers the period from 13 January 1870 until 15 December 1870, when Martin was asked to form government after Cowper again lost the confidence of the Assembly.[4]

Composition of ministry

Portfolio Minister Term start Term end Term length
Premier
Colonial Secretary
Sir Charles Cowper 13 January 1870 15 December 1870 336 days
Colonial Treasurer Saul Samuel[a]
Secretary for Lands William Forster[a] 14 April 1870 91 days
John Robertson 13 August 1870 15 December 1870 124 days
Secretary for Public Works John Sutherland[a] 13 January 1870 336 days
Attorney General Sir William Manning MLC[a][b]
Solicitor General Julian Salomons MLC[a][c]
Postmaster-General Daniel Egan[a]
Representative of the Government in the Legislative Council Robert Owen MLC  [a][d] 1 August 1870 200 days
Julian Salomons MLC[d] 11 August 1870 15 December 1870 126 days days

  Ministers are members of the Legislative Assembly unless otherwise noted.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Continued in role from Second Robertson ministry.
  2. ^ A member of the government without a seat in the Cabinet.
  3. ^ Julian Salomons was not appointed to the Legislative Council until 11 August 1870, 7 months after his appointment as Solicitor General.[6]
  4. ^ a b A member of the government with a seat in the Cabinet.

See also

References

  1. ^ Nairn, Bede. "Robertson, Sir John (1816–1891)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  2. ^ Serle, Percival (1949). "Martin, James (1820–1886)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  3. ^ Ward, John M. "Cowper, Sir Charles (1807–1875)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Part 6 Ministries since 1856" (PDF). NSW Parliamentary Record. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  5. ^ Green, Antony. "18670-72 by-elections". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Sir Julian Emanuel Salomons (1836-1909)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 27 December 2020.

 

Preceded bySecond Robertson ministry Fifth Cowper ministry 1870 Succeeded byThird Martin ministry
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Cowper ministry (1870)
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