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Country-National Organisation

The Country-National Organisation[a] was a short-lived conservative political party in the Australian state of Queensland during the Second World War.

In Queensland the conservative parties had previously united from 1925 until 1936 as the Country and Progressive National Party but following a second defeat in 1935, the CPNP split into separate Country Party and United Australia Party branches.[1] The two separate parties suffered further defeats in 1938 and 1941.

Then in April of the latter year, the new federal leader of the Country Party Arthur Fadden, MP for the Queensland Division of Darling Downs, sought to merge the Country and United Australia parties into a single force. Only in Queensland did this yield much success with the two parliamentary parties forming the Country-National Organisation.[2] Former Country MP Frank Nicklin became the new leader of the party.[3] However the merger was resisted both by some Country Party MLAs and by the extra-parliamentary organisation, with the western division of the Queensland Country Party continuing to operate as a separate body. Former federal MP James Hunter worked hard for demerger, an aim achieved by 1944.[4] A new Country Party constitution allowed co-operation but forbade merger with other parties.[5] Nicklin continued as the head of the separate Country Party which co-operated with the Queensland People's Party, formed by John Beals Chandler out of the UAP remnants, which would later become the Liberal Party of Australia (Queensland Division) in 1949.[6][7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sometimes called the Country-National Party in later sources, e.g. Cilento, Sir Raphael (1959). Triumph in the Tropics: An Historical Sketch of Queensland. Smith & Paterson. p. 417., but contemporary sources show the body used "Organisation".

References

  1. ^ Hughes, Colin A. (1980). The Government of Queensland. University of Queensland Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0702215155.
  2. ^ Cribb, Margaret Bridson (1996). "Fadden, Sir Arthur William (1894–1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  3. ^ Stevenson, Brian F (2000). "Nicklin, Sir George Francis (Frank) (1895–1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  4. ^ Cribb, Margaret Bridson (1983). "Hunter, James Aitchison Johnston (1882–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  5. ^ Hughes, Colin A. (1980). The Government of Queensland. University of Queensland Press. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0702215155.
  6. ^ Laverty, John (1993). "Chandler, Sir John Beals (1887–1962)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  7. ^ Hughes, Colin A. (1980). The Government of Queensland. University of Queensland Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0702215155.
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Country-National Organisation
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